The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I18543
  • Name: Isabel FITZROBERT , 3rd Countess of Gloucester 1 2
  • Sex: F
  • ALIA: 3rd Countess of /Gloucester/, Isabel FitzRobert
  • Birth: ABT 1173 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • Death: 14 OCT 1217 in (dsp) 3 2
  • Burial: Canterbury Cathedral, Cambridgeshire, England
  • Note:
    3rd daughter of William FitzRobert.

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    An undoubted Earl of Gloucester, perhaps the first authentic one, at any rate after the Conquest, is Robert FitzHamon's son-in-law, another Robert, who was an illegitimate son of Henry I and was so created 1122. The Earldom passed to his eldest son, William FitzRobert, and from him to John, later King John and husband from 1189 to 1199 (when he divorced her) of Isabel, the youngest of William FitzRobert's three daughters. On John's coming to the throne the title did not merge in the Crown for it was not his in his own right but in right of his wife.

    Isabel's situation now became that of a great heiress, for whoever she married next would gain the Earldom. John prevented her taking a second husband at all for the time being, however, and exchanged the Earldom of Gloucester with Aumarie de Montfort, son of William FitzRobert's eldest daughter Mabel, for the Comte of Evreux, which he then used as a dowry to secure the marriage of his niece Blanche with the King of France's son. Aumarie died childless and Isabel, who towards the end of John's reign married as her second husband Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex and in right of his new wife now Earl of Gloucester too, died childless after marrying in the autumn of 1217 yet a third husband, Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent.

    The latter seems not to have been recognised as Earl of Gloucester as well as of Kent, despite his wife's undoubted possession of the former Earldom by the time of their marriage. But then she died only a few days later and her sister Amice, by now the only one of William FitzRobert's daughters still living, seems to have been recognised as Countess of Gloucester till her own death some seven and a half years later. On the other hand Amice's son Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Hertford or of Clare (usually called the latter), was apparently acknowledged as Earl of Gloucester in addition to his other dignity from as soon as the month after his aunt Isabel's death back in 1217. [Burke's Peerage]

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    He [Hubert de Burgh] married, 2ndly, probably a few days before her death, Isabel, COUNTESS OF GLOUCESTER, widow of Geoffrey (DE MANDEVILLE), Earl of Essex, and previously the divorced wife of KING JOHN. She died 14 October 1217. [Complete Peerage VII:133-42, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

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    He married, 2ndly, between 16 and 26 January 1213/4, Isabel, COUNTESS OF GLOUCESTER (the divorced wife of KING JOHN), 3rd daughter and coheir of William, EARL OF GLOUCESTER, by Hawise, da. of Robert, EARL OF LEICESTFR. For this marriage, which appears to have been forced upon him, and by which he becarne EARL OF GLOUCESTER, he had to pay or rather he agreed to pay a ruinous fine of 20,000 marks... He died s.p., 23 February 1215/6, being mortally wounded at a tournament in London, and was buried in Trinity Priory within Aldgate. The honour of Gloucester remained in the King's hand, and on 13 August 1217 the sheriffs of nine counties were ordered to give seizin to Hubert de Burgh, Justiciar or England, of all the lands of Isabel, Countess of Gloucester, which the King had committed to his custody, and Faukes de Breauté was ordered to give him seizin of the manor of Walden, which the Countess had held in dower: but on 17 September following, the Countess having returned to her allegiance, the sheriffs were ordered to give her seizin of the lands which she had held ante guerram motam inter dominum J. Regem patrem nostrum et barones Anglie, and R. de Clifford was ordered to restore to her her residence (domum) and all her lands in Henley. She married (possibly before the date of these writs, but if so, secretly), 3rdly, as 2nd wife, the said Hubert (DE BURGH), EARL OF KENT. She died s.p., 14 October 1217, and was buried in Canterbury Cathedral Church. He died at his manor of Banstead, Surrey, 12 may 1243, and was buried in the Church of the Black Friars in Holborn. [Complete Peerage V:126-30, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: William FITZROBERT , 2nd Earl of Gloucester b: 23 NOV 1116 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
    Mother: Hawise de BEAUMONT b: 1129 in Leicestershire, England

    Marriage 1 John I "Lackland" Plantagenet King of ENGLAND b: 24 DEC 1166 in Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
    • Married: 29 AUG 1189 in 1st husband 1st wife - Divorced 1199 4

    Marriage 2 Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE , 5th Earl of Essex b: ABT 1184 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England
    • Married: BET 16 AND 26 JAN 1213/14 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 5 6

    Marriage 3 Hubert de BURGH , 1st Earl of Kent b: BEF 1172 in Burgh, Aylsham, Norfolk, England
    • Married: SEP 1217 in 3rd husband 2nd wife 3 7

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: cxviii
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:141
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: cxviii
      Text: 1217
    4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: cxviii
      Text: 1189
    5. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: cxviii
      Text: no date, but late in life
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:126-30
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:141
      Text: a few days before her death
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