The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I17926
  • Name: Svend (Sweyn) II Ulfsson King of DENMARK 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Sven II /Estridsen/, King of Denmark
  • Name: Svend II ULFSSON , King of Denmark
  • Birth: ABT 1020 in England 3
  • Death: 28 APR 1074 in Soderup, Abenraa, Denmark 3
  • Burial: Hellige-Trefolg, Roskilde, Denmark
  • Note:
    Sweyn II ESTRIDSEN, Danish SVEND ESTRIDSEN, Norwegian SVEIN ESTRIDSSON (b. c 1020, Denmark - d. 28 April 1074, Denmark), king of Denmark (1047-74) who ended a short period of Norwegian domination (1042-47).

    The son of Ulf, a Danish earl, and Estrid, a sister of Canute I the Great, Sweyn fled to Sweden after his father was murdered in 1027 on orders of Canute. After the death of Canute (1035), when Hardecanute was ruling in Denmark and Magnus in Norway, the young kings agreed that whoever lived longer would rule both countries. Under this agreement Magnus became king also of Denmark in 1042 [when Hardecanute died] and appointed Sweyn viceroy. While Magnus was fighting the Wends (Slavs) in 1043, Sweyn, who was favoured by the Danish nobles, was proclaimed king, provoking a war over the Danish throne with Magnus and then with his successor, Harald III Hardraade (reigned 1045-1066).

    Although Sweyn's forces were continually defeated, Harald's troops were mainly interested in plunder and failed to conquer Denmark. The two rulers recognized each other as sovereign in their respective countries in 1064 while Harald was preparing to attack England. Strengthened by Harald's death in 1066, Sweyn sponsored a successful Danish attack on England in 1069, aiding Anglo-Saxon rebels against William I the Conqueror. Although the Danish forces achieved a favourable position, Sweyn, by an agreement with William I in 1070 withdrew his troops.

    On returning to Denmark, Sweyn worked to free the Danish Christian church from control by the archbishop of Bremen and by the English church, and he cooperated with Pope Gregory VII. Knowledgeable in history and geography, Sweyn was Adam of Bremen's main source on Scandinavian affars in the latter's valuable "Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiaue pontificum" (c. 1070-75; "History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen"). Five of Sweyn's sons succeeded to the throne, and his dynasty (the Valdemars) reigned for 300 years. [Encyclopaedia Britannica]

    ----------------

    Note: Svend had so many mistresses (Gunnhild-his cousin, Jutta, Jakob of Sweden, Tora, Gunnhild-widow of Anund Jakob, Elizabeth, and "others" - one of whom may have been a legitimate wife) that Royal Families of Medieval Scandinavia makes no attempt at assigning children (he had at least 17) to the various mistresses. I have purposely distributed the children among many of the different mistresses.




    Father: Ulf THORGILSSON , Jarl of Denmark b: ABT 996 in Halland, Sweden
    Mother: Estrid SVENSDOTTIR , Princess of Denmark b: ABT 997 in Denmark

    Marriage 1 Gunnhild SVENDSDOTTIR b: ABT 1017 in Sole, Jaeren, Rogaland, Norway
      Children
      1. Has No Children Ingegard SVENSDOTTIR b: ABT 1050 in Denmark
      2. Has Children Svend SVENDSSON , of Denmark b: ABT 1053 in Denmark

      Marriage 2 Tora TORBERGSDOTTIR b: ABT 1020 in Giske, More Og Romsdal, Norway
      • Married: in No Marriage
      Children
      1. Has Children Canute IV SVENDSSON , King of Denmark, Saint b: ABT 1043 in Denmark

      Marriage 3 Rannveig TORDSDOTTIR b: ABT 1026 in Aurland, Sogn og Fjordane, Norway
        Children
        1. Has Children Erik I "Ejegod" Svendsson King of DENMARK b: ABT 1055 in Slangerup, Frederiksborg, Denmark

        Marriage 4 Elizabeth b: ABT 1042 in Kiev, Ukraine
          Children
          1. Has No Children Niels Svendsson King of DENMARK b: ABT 1070 in Denmark

          Sources:
          1. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
            Page: Canute, Sweyn II
          2. Title: Royal Families of Medieval Scandinavia, Flanders, and Kiev, by Rupert Alen & Anna Dahlquist, 1997, King's River Publ.
            Page: 143 - chart 16
          3. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
            Page: Sweyn II
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