The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I17428
  • Name: Lionel PLANTAGENET , KG, Duke of Clarence 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 1st Duke of /Clarence/, Lionel Plantagenet
  • Name: Lionel of ANTWERP , KG, Duke of Clarence
  • Name: 12th Lord of CLARE , Lionel Plantagenet 4
  • Name: 5th Earl of ULSTER , Lionel Plantagenet 2
  • Birth: 29 NOV 1338 in Antwerp, Belgium 5 3
  • Death: 17 OCT 1368 in Alba, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy (dspm) 5 2 3
  • Burial: Augustine Friars, Clare, Suffolk, England
  • Note:
    EARLDOM of ULSTER (V) 1342 (in right of wife)

    DUKEDOM of CLARENCE (I) 1362 to 1368

    Lionel, styled "of Antwerp", 3rd, but 2nd surviving son of Edward III, by Philippe, daughter of William, Count of Holland and Hainault, was b. 29 Nov 1338, at Antwerp, and having (in his 4th year) m., 15 Aug 1342, at the Tower of London, Elizabeth, only daughter and heir of William de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster, by Maud, daughter of Henry, Earl of Lancaster, consummated the said marriage, when aged 14 in 1352. By this match, he became, in her right, EARL OF ULSTER, being recognized as such previous to 26 Jan 1347, and acquired not only the right to vast estates in Ireland of the de Burgh family, but the possession of a large part (including the honour of Clare) of the estates of the great family of de Clare (Earls of Gloucester and Hertford) in right of his said wife's paternal grandmother, Elizabeth, "Lady of Clare", wife of John de Burgh, 3rd and youngest sister and coheir of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester &c., abovenamed. He was, accordingly, on 13 Nov 1362, created in full Parliament, DUKE OF CLARENCE ("de Clarentia"). He had, when a mere child, been made Guardian of England, 1 Jul 1345 and 25 Jun 1346, and had (as Earl of Ulster), probably shortly before Apr 1361, been nominated KG; Chief Governor of Ireland, 1 Jul 1361064, again 1364-5, and again for some part of 1367.

    His wife [Elizabeth de Burgh], who was six years his senior, was b. 6 Jul 1332, and d. 1363. He m. 2ndly, (contract at Westminster, 15 May 1367), with great state, 28 May 1368 at Milan, Violanta, daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, Signore de Milano, by Blanca Maria, daughter of Aimo, Count of Savoy. Soon after this he dspm., 17 Oct 1368, aged nearly 30, at Alba (Longeuvil) in Piedmont, and was buried at Pavia, but subsequently removed to England and buried at Clare Priory, aforesaid. Will dated 3 Oct 1368 at Alba, probated 8 Jun 1369 at Lambeth. By his death the Dukedom of Clarence became extinct, the Irish Earldom of Ulster, as also the Honour of Clare, devolving on his daughter and sole heir. His widow m. 2 Aug 1377, at Pavia, Ottone Paleologo, Marquis of Monferrato, who was murdered at Langhirano, near Parma, Dec 1378. She m. 3rdly, her 1st cousin, Lodovico Visconti, Signor di Lodi, who was b. Sep 1358, and d. 18 Apr 1381. She d. 1382. [Complete Peerage III:257-8]

    ---------------------------------------

    Lionel Plantagenet, b. 29 November, 1338 (of Antwerp), 3rd son of King Henry III, who became jure uxoris, Earl of Ulster, and was created 15 September, 1362, Duke of Clarence.* The prince was likewise a knight of the Garter, he had an only child by the heiress of Ulster, Philippa Plantagenet, who m. Edmond Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March. About four years after the death of the Duchess Elizabeth (25 April, 1368), King Edward concluded the terms of a new marriage for his son, the Duke of Clarence, with Violanta, or Jolantis, the dau. of Galeas, prince of Milan, and sister to John Galeas, who subsequently became 1st Duke of Milan. The bargain, for such it was in the strictest meaning of the word, was struck at Windsor, upon which occasion the wealthy and munificent Prince Galeas paid down for his daughter's dowry, the sum of 100,000 florins. This, however, was but a prelude to the unbounded munificence with which he received his son-in-law and his small but chosen retinue of English nobles, who in number amounted to about 200. When the duke married his affianced bride on 15 June, 1368, the luxury of the various feasts that followed upon the nuptial and the richness of the gifts presented by Galeas to the bridegroom and his followers were such as fairly to confound the imagination. The whole scene, as described by Paulus Jovius, is only to be paralleled by the wild dreamings of some eastern story. At one banquet, when the celebrated Petrarch was present, thirty courses succeeded each other, all composed of the choicest viands that the earth or sea could supply, and between each course, as many rare gifts were brought in by Galeas himself and presented by him to Clarence.

    "But not five months after, the Duke of Clarence (having lived with this new wife after the manner of his own country, forgetting, or not regarding the change of air, and addicting himself to immoderate feasting), spent and consumed with a lingering disease, departed this world at Alba Pompeia, called also Longuevil, in the Marquisate of Montserrat, in Piedmont, on the vigil of St. Luke the Evangelist, viz., the 17th day of October, anno 1368."

    The duke was first buried in the city of Pavia, but was afterwards brought over to England by Thomas Narbonne and others of the retinue, who had accompanied him in his nuptial expedition. The body was then conveyed to the church of the Augustine Friars, at Clare, in Suffolk, and finally deposited near the remains of his 1st wife, Elizabeth de Burgh. Violanta herself was afterwards m. to Otho, Marquis of Montserrat, but as the chronicler quaintly observes, her 2nd marriage was not more fortunate than her first; -- Otho soon perished ignobly in the mountains, being slain by a country stable-keeper.

    At the death of Lionel, the Dukedom of Clarence became extinct.

    * The title of Clarence was derived from the honour of Clare. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 434, Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence]

    ----------

    Lionel of Antwerp, duke of Clarence, also called (1346-62) EARL OF ULSTER (b. Nov. 29, 1338, Antwerp--d. Oct. 17, 1368, Alba, Italy), second surviving son of King Edward III of England and ancestor of Edward IV.

    Before he was four years of age Lionel was betrothed to Elizabeth (d. 1363), daughter and heiress of William de Burgh, earl of Ulster (d. 1333), and he entered nominally into possession of her great Irish inheritance. Having been named as his father's representative in England in 1345 and again in 1346, Lionel was created earl of Ulster and joined (in 1355) an expedition into France, but his chief energies were reserved for the affairs of Ireland. Appointed governor of that country, he landed at Dublin in September 1361. In November 1362 he was created duke of Clarence and in the following year his father made an abortive attempt to secure for him the succession to the crown of Scotland.

    His efforts to secure an effective authority over his Irish lands were only moderately successful, and after holding a parliament at Kilkenny, which passed the celebrated Statute of Kilkenny in 1366, he threw up his task in disgust and returned to England. At Milan, on May 28, 1368, he married Violante, only daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia, who brought him a rich dowry. Several months were then spent in festivities, during which Lionel was taken ill and died at Alba.

    His only child, Philippa (1355-81), a daughter by his first wife, married in 1368 Edmund Mortimer (1352-81), 3rd earl of March, and through this union Clarence became an ancestor of Edward IV. [Encyclopędia Britannica CD '97]




    Father: Edward III Plantagenet King of ENGLAND b: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
    Mother: Philippa d' AVESNES , of Hainault b: 24 JUN 1311 in Mons, Hainault, Belgium

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth de BURGH , 4th Countess of Ulster b: 6 JUL 1332 in Carrickfergus Castle, Antrim, Ulster, Ireland
    • Married: 15 AUG 1342 in 1st wife 6 7
    • Married: 9 SEP 1342 8 6
    Children
    1. Has Children Philippa PLANTAGENET , 5th Countess of Ulster b: 16 AUG 1355 in Eltham, Lewisham, Kent, England

    Marriage 2 Violanta dau of Galeazzo VISCONTI , Sgr. di Milan b: ABT 1350 in Milan, Italy
    • Married: 28 MAY 1368 in 1st husband 2nd wife (Milan, Italy) 3

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 36-9, 161-17
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:180
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:257-8
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:245
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 161-17
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:180
      Text: 15 Aug or 9 Sep 1342
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:257-8, XIV:184
      Text: III stated 9 Sep 1342, but was corrected by XIV to be 8 Aug 1342.
    8. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 161-17
      Text: actually states 9 Sept 1312, but assume misprint of year.
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