The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I17424
  • Name: Henry "Harry Hotspur" de PERCY , KG, Sir 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Harry /Hotspur/
  • Birth: 20 MAY 1364 in Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England 4 3
  • Death: 21 JUL 1403 in Battle of Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England (dvp) 1
  • Burial: NOV 1403 Whitchurch, then dug up & decapitated, final burial in York Minster
  • Note:
    Henry ("Harry Hotspur") (Sir), Kg (1388); born 20 May 1364; knighted 1377, accompanied his father in retaking Berwick Castle from the Scots 1378, Jt Warden of the Marches with his father 1384; Governor of Berwick 1385, served in France in the area around Calais 1386, making raids there on the French; on 5 or 19 Aug 1388 (other sources have 15 Aug, but the latest date seems the most plausible, not least because there was a full moon on 20 August and the English attack came in the evening, with fighting continuing throughout the night) he launched an assault on the encampment of an invading Scottish army at Otterburn, c 30 miles northwest of Newcastle; "Hotspur" and his brother Sir Ralph Percy were made prisoners, but James, 2nd Earl of Douglas, the Scottish general, was slain, a cross supposedly marking the spot being known as Percy's Cross; both sides claimed victory, but modern opinion inclines to the Scots; nevertheless not only were Hotspur and Sir Ralph captured the English popular imagination, keener to celebrate failure than succcess, and the ballad "Chevy Chase" resulted; the Scots have their own ballad, "Otterburn"; Hostspur was released by midsummer 1389; Warden of Carlisle and the West March 1389-94 (also East March by late 1398), Governor of Bordeaux 1393-95, joined forces with the 2nd Duke of Lancaster, afterward Henry IV, 1399, as did his father; confirmed as Warden of East March and Governor of Berwick and Roxburgh by Henry IV 1399, Justiciar of Cheshire, North Wales (1400-01), and Flint, Constable of Caernarvon, Chester, Conway and Flint Castles 1400, also granted Anglesey with Beaumaris Castle, together with Lordship of Bamburgh Castle, for life 1400, a commissioner to treat for peace with Scots 1401, a commander at Homildon Hill 1402; turned with his uncle and father against Henry IV and fell at the Battle of Shrewbury 21 July 1403; married by 1 May 1380, as her 1st husband, Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (born 12 Feb 1371; married 2nd, as his 2nd wife, 1st Lord (Baron) Camoys and died 20 April 1417), daughter of 3rd Earl of March, by Philippa, granddaughter of Edward III. [Burke's Peerage]

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    Sir Henry de Percy, "Harry Hotspur", b. 20 May 1364, dvp, slain at Shrewsbury 21 July 1403; m. before 10 Dec 1379 Elizabeth Mortimer. [Magna Charta Sureties]

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    EARLDOM OF NORTHUMBERLAND

    SIR HENRY PERCY, styled LORD PERCY, but better known as Hotspur, son and heir apparent by first wife, born 20 May 1364, was knighted by the King at Windsor, 23 April 1377. He first bore arms at the recapture of Berwick by his father, December 1378. When travelling in Prussia in 1383 he hurried back to Flanders to take part in the expected fighting there in the Bishop of Norwich's "crusade," and in that year began his official work on the Border, as a commissioner to receive money due from the King of Scotland. He was appointed Warden of the East March, 30 July 1384; again, for 3 years, 12 April 1388; of the West March, 6 June 1390; of the East March, 16 January 1392/3, 2 June 1396, for 10 years, and 21 October 1399. He attended Richard II on his expedition into Scotland, 1385; and, as Henry Percy the younger, whom the Scots call Haatspore, was sent in May 1386 with a large force to Calais. He was in command of a squadron at sea against the French, August 1387. K.G. before 23 April 1388. On 19 August that year he fought unsuccessfully, though Douglas was slain, the brilliant action at Otterburn, in which he and his brother Ralph were made prisoners. He was speedily ransomed. In January 1389/90 he was retained for the King's service for life, with a fee of £100 a year; in 1393 appointed by the Duke of Lancaster his deputy in Aquitaine, and (the people, of Bordeaux refusing to acknowledge allegiance to any but the King) Richard's Lieutenant there, during pleasure, 9 June 1394. From the time of his return till the end of the reign he was busily occupied in the North. In 1399 he acted with his father in the proceedings which placed Henry IV on the throne, and from September 1399 to September 1400 was acting sheriff of Northumberland. K.B. 17 March 1399/1400, on the eve of the Coronation. The Welsh campaign of 1401 was put in charge of Hotspur and the young Prince of Wales, and he was made the King's Lieutenant in North and South Wales, 31 March 1402. In Autumn 1401 he had been again busy in the North, and, with his father, won the notable victory of Homildon Hill over the Scots, at which Douglas was taken prisoner, 14 September 1402. The question of the ransoming of Douglas was added to other causes of friction between the King and Hotspur. By June 1403 Hotspur was openly marching through Lancs and Cheshire with a view to meeting Glendower, but was forced with only his own inferior forces to fight the King at Shrewsbury, 21 July, and there was slain [f].

    He married, before 10 December 1379, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Edmund (MORTIMER), EARL OF MARCH, by Philippe, daughter and heir of Lionel, DUKE OF CLARENCE, 2nd surviving son of EDWARD III. She, who was born at Usk, 12 February 1370/1, married, 2ndly, Thomas (DE CAMOYS), LORD CAMOYS (died 1421), and died 20 April 1417. In January 1403/4 Hotspur's insurrection was declared treason, and forfeiture followed thereupon. Hotspur died as aforesaid, 21 July 1403. [Complete Peerage IX:713-14, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    [f] He was buried at Whitchurch; but, upon a rumour of his being still alive, was disinterred, his head sent to York, and his quarters to London, Newcastle, Bristol and Chester. These were delivered to his widow, November following, and were buried in York Minster.

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    Involved in revolt (1403-1405) against Henry IV. Knighted at Shrewsbury before his death. He was attacking Shrewsbury because Henry IV's son who was to become Henry V was being protected there. Henry IV and his army met Harry Hotspur before the seige could be established.

    Legend has it that Harry's death was foretold at Berwick. Naturally he assumed that meant Berwick-upon-Tweed, a major town of Northumberland/Scotland. The night before the Battle of Shrewsbury, Harry and his army camped in a little hamlet outside Shrewsbury. It was not until the next morning that Harry found out that the Hamlet's name was Berwick. Harry died that day in the battle.

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    Sir Henry Percy, byname HOTSPUR (b. May 20, 1364--d. July 21, 1403, near Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Eng.), English rebel who led the most serious of the uprisings against King Henry IV (reigned 1399-1413). His fame rests to a large extent on his inclusion as a major character in William Shakespeare's Henry IV.

    The eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, he was nicknamed Hotspur by his Scottish enemies in recognition of the diligence with which he patrolled the border between England and Scotland. He was captured and held for ransom by Scottish invaders in 1388-89, and in 1399 he and his father played a crucial part in helping Henry Bolingbroke (afterward King Henry IV) overthrow King Richard II. Henry IV rewarded Hotspur with lands and offices in northern England and Wales, but the Percys would not be content until they dominated the king. Their stunning victory over the Scots at Homildon (Humbledon) Hill in Durham, in September 1402, contrasted with Henry's fruitless attempts to suppress the Welsh rebel Owen Glendower. Nevertheless, Henry refused to allow Hotspur to ransom the Scottish captives, and he delayed in paying the expenses of Hotspur's border warfare. Hence in 1403 Hotspur and Northumberland decided to depose the king. Hotspur raised a rebellion in Cheshire in July, but Henry intercepted him near Shrewsbury before he could join forces with his father. In the ensuing battle Hotspur was killed. [Encyclopędia Britannica CD '97, Encyclopędia Britannica, Inc., © 1996]




    Father: Henry de PERCY , KG, 1st Earl Northumberland b: 10 NOV 1341 in Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
    Mother: Margaret de NEVILLE b: ABT 1338 in Raby, Staindrop, Durham, England

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth de MORTIMER b: 12 FEB 1370/71 in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Married: BEF 10 DEC 1379 in 1st husband 5
    Children
    1. Has Children Elizabeth de PERCY b: 1390 in Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England
    2. Has Children Henry PERCY , KG, KB, 1st Earl of Northumberland b: 3 FEB 1392/93 in Alnwick Castle, Northumberland, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 44-7, 36-10
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2119
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:713-4
    4. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 44-7
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 36-10, 44-7
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