The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I14587
  • Name: William HERBERT , KG, 1st Earl of Pembroke 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 17th\1st Earl of /Pembroke/, William Herbert
  • Birth: ABT 1423 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales 2
  • Death: 27 JUL 1469 in Battle of Edgecote, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England (beheaded) 3 2
  • Burial: Tintern Abbey, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • Note:
    William, took surname Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, so created 8 Sep 1468, as also earlier 26 July 1461 Baron Herbert/Herberd by writ, KG (1461/2); knighted 1449, served Hundred Years War (captured by French 1450 at Formigny), Yorkist during War of the Roses, Sheriff of Glamorgan and Morgannoc and Constable of Usk Castle 1459, MP Herefs 1460-61, Chief Justice and Chamberlain of South Wales 1461, granted 3 Feb 1461/2 castle, town and lordship of Pembroke, with other castles, following surrender of Pembroke Castle to him by Lancastrians five months previously, Chief Justice of North Wales 1467; married c1455 Anne (living 1486), daughter of Sir Walter Devereux, and was beheaded 27 July 1469 following his capture at the Battle of Edgcot, near Banbury, Oxon, one or three days earlier; The 1st Earl of Pembroke of the 1468 creation also had two or more illegitimate sons; one of them, by Mawd, daughter of Adam (Turberville) ap William ap Howell Graunt. [Burke's Peerage]

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    BARONY OF HERBERT (I) 1461

    EARLDOM OF PEMBROKE (XVII, 1) 1468

    WILLIAM HERBERT, 2nd son of Sir William AP THOMAS (died 1446), of Raglan Castle, by his 2nd wife, Gwladys (died 1454), widow of Sir Roger VAUGHAN, of Bredwardine, and daughter of Sir David GAM (b), was born circa 1423. He was knighted by Henry VI 25 December1449. In 1450 he served in France and was captured at Formigny, He was an ardent Yorkist, and in 1457 caused a disturbance in Hereford. In 1459 he was appointed Sheriff of Glamorgan and Morgannoc, and Constable of Usk Castle. He was M.P. for co. Hereford 1460-61. In February 1460/1 he fought at Mortimer's Cross under Edward, who appointed him Chief Justice and Chamberlain of South Wales, 8 May 1461. He was summoned to Parliament by writ, 26 July 1461, directed "Willielmo Herberd de Herberd militi," whereby he is held to have become LORD HERBERT. On 30 September 1461 Pembroke Castle surrendered to him, and on 3 February 1461/2 he was granted the castle, town and lordship of Pembroke, with other castles, &c. K.G. 21 March 1461/2. On 28 August 1467 he was appointed Chief Justice of North Wales. After a long siege he took Harlech Castle, 14 August 1468; and on 8 September 1468 he was created EARL OF PEMBROKE. On 24 or 26 July 1469 he was defeated and captured by Robin of Redesdale at Edgcott, co. Northampton.

    He married, circa 1455, Anne, sister of Walter (DEVEREUX), LORD FERRERS, and daughter of Sir Walter DEVEREUX, of Bodenham, co. Hereford, by Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Sir John MERBURY. He was beheaded 27 July 1469, at Northampton, and was buried at Tintern Abbey. His widow was living in Wales 25 June 1486. [Complete Peerage X:400-1, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (b) William was 5th son of Thomas ap Gwilym ap Jenkin (d. 1438), by Maud, daughter of Sir John Morley. He bought Raglan Castle from James, Lord Berkeley, son of Sir James Berkeley, whose widow Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Bluet, was his 1st wife. A spurious pedigree from Herbert the Chamberlain (of Henry I), who is given an equally false descent from Herbert, Count of Vermandois, is set forth by Nicholas, 'Counties and County Families of Wales'.

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    When the Lancastrian insurrection [War of Roses] broke out in 1469, Edward IV commissioned the Sir William Herbert, Knight, Earl of Pembroke, and his brother, Sir Richard Herbert, Knight of Coldbrook, to command an army of 18,000 Welshmen against the rebels. In July of 1469, the army was defeated at the Battle of Edgecote. The Herberts were captured by Richard, earl of Warwick and beheaded the next day in Northamptonshire. They were buried in the priory chapel on July 27, 1469, beneath the arch which separates the Herbert Chapel & the choir in St. Mary's Priory Church.

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    Copied from Herbert, George biography, 88.1911 encyclopedia.org/H/HERBERT_GEORGE.htm:

    His sons William and Richard both partisans of the White Rose, took the surname of Herbert in or before 1461. Playing a part in English affairs remote fron the Welsh Marches, their lack of a surname may well hav inconvenienced them, and their choice of the name Herbert can only be explained by the suggestion that their long pedigree from Herbert the Chamberlain, absurdly represented as a bastard son of Henry I, must already have been discovered for them. Copies exist of an alleged commission issued by Edward IV to a committee of Welsh bards for the ascertaining of the true ancestry of William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, whom "th chiefest men of skill in the province of South Wales declar to be the descendant of Herbert, a noble lord, natural son b King Henry the first", and it is recited that King Edward, after the creation of the earldom, commanded the Earl and Sir Richard his brother to "take their surnames after their first progenito Herbert fitz Roy and to forego the British order and Inanner". But this commission, whose date anticipates by some years the true date of the creation of the earldom, is the work of one of the many genealogical forgers who flourished under the Tudors.

    Sir William Herbert, called by the Welsh Gwilim Ddu or Black William, was a baron in 1461 and a Knight of the Garter in the following year. With many manors and castles on the Marches he had the castle, town and lordship of Pembroke, and after the attainder of Jasper Tudor in 1468 was created Earl of Pembroke. When in July 1469 he was taken by Sir John Conyers and the northern Lancastrians on Hedgecote, he was beheaded along with his brother Sir Richard Herbert of Coldbrook.

    The second Earl while still a minor exchanged at the kingís desire in 1479 his Earldom of Pembroke for that of Huntingdon. In 1484 this son of one whom Hall not unjustly describes as born "a mean gentleman" contracted to marry Katharine the daughter of King Richard III, but her death annulled the contract and the Earl married Mary, daughter of the Earl Rivers, by whom he had a daughter Elizabeth, whose descendants, the Somersets, lived in the Herbertís castle of Raglan until the cannon of the parliament broke it in ruins. With the second Earlís death in 1491 the first Herbert Earldom became extinct. No claim being set up among the other descendants of the first Earl, it may be taken that their lines were illegitimate. One of the chief difficulties which beset the genealogist of the Herberts lies in their Cambrian disregard of the marriage tie, bastards and legitimate issue growing up, it would seem, side by side in their patriarchal households. Thus the ancestor of the present Earls of Pembroke and Carnarvon and of the Herbert who was created marquess of Powis was a natural son of the first Earl, one Richard Herbert, whom the restored inscription on his tomb at Abergavenny incorrectly describes as a knight. He was constable and porter of Abergavenny Castle, and his son William, "a mad fighting fellow" in his youth, married a sister of Catherine Parr and thus in 1543 became nearly allied to the king, who made him one of the executors of his will. The Earldom of Pembroke was revived for him in 1551. It is worthy of note thatíall traces of illegitimacy have long since been removed from the arms of the noble descendants of Richard Herbert.

    -------------------------

    on the history of the Earldom of Huntingdon:

    Eight years later William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, gave up his existing Earldom to the Crown and was made in compensation Earl of Huntingdon. So even at this late date a peerage title could be treated as something which one could simply resign. [Burke's Peerage, p. 1474]




    Father: William ap THOMAS , of Raglan, Sir b: ABT 1377 in Plas yn-y-berth-hir (Perth-hir), Monmouthshire, Wales
    Mother: Gwladus verch DAFYDD b: ABT 1385 in Peutun, Llan Ddew, Breconshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Mawd TURBERVILLE b: ABT 1427 in Llanfaiscilgedin, Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales
    • Married: in No Marriage 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Richard HERBERT , of Ewyas Harold b: ABT 1442 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales

    Marriage 2 Anne DEVEREUX b: ABT 1430 in Bodenham, Leominster, Herefordshire, England
    • Married: ABT 1455 3 2
    Children
    1. Has Children William HERBERT , 2nd Earl of Pembroke b: ABT 1455 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    2. Has Children Maud HERBERT b: ABT 1458 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    3. Has Children Catherine HERBERT b: ABT 1464 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2306, 1228, 1378
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:400-1
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2306
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