The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I13421
  • Name: Alexander II King of SCOTLAND 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 24 AUG 1198 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland 2
  • Death: 8 JUL 1249 in Isle of Kerrera, Argyllshire, Scotland 2
  • Event: Ruled 1214-1249 2
  • Burial: 8 AUG 1249 Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire, Scotland
  • Note:
    Alexander was the only son of William the Lion and his wife Ermengarde. Born at Haddington, East Lothian on 24 August 1198, he was knighted by King John of England on 4 March 1212. Two years later, he succeeded his father. Although Alexander backed the barons who forced John to sign the Magna Carta, in 1221 he married John's eldest daughter Joan in York. She had no children, and died in 1238. The following year at Roxburgh, he married Marie, daughter of Enguerand, Baron de Coucy in Picardy - an alliance which raised English fears of a Franco-Scottish alliance.

    The long-standing dispute between Scotland and England over the Border was settled in 1237 when, by the Treaty of York, Alexander renounced Scotland's claims to the three northern counties of England in exchange for the honour of Tynedale and the manor of Penrith. The border between Scotland and England was now fixed almost exactly on its present line from the lower Tweed in the east to the Solway Firth in the west. Alexander died on the island of Kerrera, Argyllshire in 1249 whilst preparing to take the Hebrides from Norway. He was buried at Melrose Abbey, Roxburghshire.

    Click here for Photo of Melrose Abbey (use browser back arrow to return)




    Father: William "The Lion" King of SCOTLAND b: 1143 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
    Mother: Ermengarde de BEAUMONT b: ABT 1172 in Beaumont-sur-Sarthe(le-Vicomte), Sarthe, Maine/Pays-de-la-Loire, France

    Marriage 1 Isabel 4th Countess of ATHOLL b: ABT 1200 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
    • Married: in No Marriage
    Children
    1. Has Children Marjorie of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1215 in Atholl, Perthshire, Scotland
    2. Has Children Dernell (Darnell\Darvogiloda) of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1217 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland

    Marriage 2 Joan PLANTAGENET , Princess of England b: 22 JUL 1210 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    • Married: 19 JUL 1221 in York Minster Cathedral, York, Yorkshire, England

    Marriage 3 Mary (Marie) de COUCY b: ABT 1220 in Coucy, Aisne, Picardy, France
    • Married: 1239 in 1st husband 2nd wife 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Alexander III King of SCOTLAND b: 4 SEP 1241 in Roxburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland

    Sources:
    1. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Leo van de Pas, 5 Jan 1999
    2. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: Alexander II
    3. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Leo van de Pas, 5 Jan 1999
      Text: no date, 2nd wife
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