The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I12670
  • Name: Kali-Ragnvald KOLSON , Earl of Caithness & Orkney 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 27th Jarl of /Orkney/, Kali-Ragnvald III Kolson
  • Name: 05th Earl of CAITHNESS , Kali-Ragnvald Kolson
  • Birth: ABT 1100 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland 3
  • Death: 20 AUG 1158 in Force, Calder, Caithness, Scotland (dspm, murdered) 4 2
  • Note:
    Kali (later renamed Rognvald by the King of Norway, who also made him Jt Earl of Orkney; made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem; presumably on his return, and certainly following his cousin Erlend Ugni's death, was made (or remade) Earl of Caithness. [Burke's Peerage]

    -----------------------------

    NORSE PREDECESSORS of the EARLS of ORKNEY - subject to King of Norway until after 1379

    Kali-Ragnvald III, son of Kol Kalisson, Lenderman in Agder, by Gunnhild, sister of St. Magnus, Jarl of Orkney and Earl of Caithness (? 1137-1157), b. circa 1100. Kali was at first a merchant, and while at Grimsby in England circa 1115 became the friend of Gillechrist, afterwards Harald IV Gilli, King of Norway 1134-1136. In 1129 King Sigurd I Jorsalafari gave him the title of Jarl and the name of Ragnvald and invested him with the half of Orkney which had been held by his maternal uncle St. Magnus; but he did not leave Norway and after Sigurd’s death (26 Mar. 1130) his successor, Magnus IV the Blind (1130-1134), cancelled the gift, as Kali-Ragnvald was an adherent of his rival Harald Gilli, with whom he was defeated by Magnus IV at Fyrilief in 1134. Harald Gilli, however, deposed Magnus IV at Bergen in December 1134, and in the spring of 1135 renewed the grant of half Orkney to Kali-Ragnvald III and invested him as Jarl thereof, Kali-Ragnvald III sent messengers to Jarl Paul the Silent asking for his half of Orkney, bus Paul refused to give it up. Accordingly Kali-Ragnvald offered Paul’s half to Frakok and her grandson Olvi Riot, if they would help him to secure his own half. In 1136 Kali-Ragnvald seized the Shetlands, but Olvi Riot was defeated by Paul at Tankarness, 26 June, and Kali-Ragnvald’s men were defeated (in his absence) in Yell Sound on 27 June. He returned to Norway in 1136. In 1137 Kali-Ragnvald again seized the Shetlands and Jarl Paul II was kidnapped and deposed (see above), whereupon Kali-Ragnvald III became Jarl of all Orkney and Caithness. In Dec. 1139, at the instance of John, a Scottish Bishop from Atholl (? Bishop of Dunkeld), and William, Bishop of Orkney, he agreed to give half Orkney to Harald Maddadsson, his second cousin once removed, nephew of Jarl Paul the Silent and son of Jarl Hakon Paulsson’s younger daughter Margaret and Maddad or Madach, Earl of Atholl. During Lent 1140 he went to Caithness and brought Harald, aged six, to Orkney and installed him as Jarl of half the Islands. In 1148 he took Harald II to Norway, where they were welcomed at Bergen by King Ingi I Haraldsson (1137 to 1161), who gave them two longships "rather small but very handsome . . . and they were the fastest of all ships"; but both were wrecked on the Shetlands on the return voyage to Orkney. In 1150 Kali-Ragnvald again visited Norway. In 1151 he left Jarl Harald in charge and set oar for Palestine with Bishop William, Erling Skakki and John Petersson, his brother-in-law, in big ships. After many adventures in Spain and off the coast of Barbary he reached Acre; and from Palestine he went to Constantinople, where he spent the winter with the Emperor Manuel I (1143 to 1180) and the Varangians. In the spring he returned overland by way of Durazzo, Rome, and Denmark to Norway, where he remained for some time in Hordaland before returning in December 1155 to Orkney. Here he made an alliance with Erlend, son of Jarl Harald I Slettmali, who had been recognised as Earl of half Caithness by King Malcolm IV (after 24 May 1153), and was at war with Jarl Harald II Maddadsson; but on the return of the latter from Norway in 156 Jarl Kali-Ragnvald III, persuaded by his son-in-law, Eric Slagbrellir (who was Jarl Harald’s second cousin), renewed his friendship with Jarl Harald (25 Sep. 1156). He then repudiated his agreement with Erlend and joined Harald in an attack, in Dec. 1156, in which Erlend was killed. Jarl Kali-Ragnvald was murdered at Force in Colder in Caithness by Thorbiorn Clerk, a grandson of Frakok (20 Aug. 1158); and after his death Jarl Harald II Maddadsson was sole Jarl of Orkney. Jarl Kali-Ragnvald d. s.p.m., and was bur, in St. Magnus’s Cathedral, leaving an only child. [Complete Peerage X:Appendix A:19-21]




    Father: Kol KALISSON , Lenderman of Agder b: ABT 1070 in Agder, Norway
    Mother: Gunhhild of ORKNEY b: ABT 1075 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Ingigerd of ORKNEY b: ABT 1131 in Orkney, Orkney Islands, Scotland

      Sources:
      1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 469
      2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:A:19-21, X:A:28 (b)
      3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: X:A:19-21
      4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 469
        Text: 1158
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