The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I12528
  • Name: John du PLESSIS , 7th Earl of Warwick 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 07th Earl of /Warwick/, John du Plessis
  • Birth: BEF 1202 in Plessis, Morbihan, Bretagne, France 3
  • Death: 25 FEB 1262/63 in Hook Norton, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England 4 2
  • Burial: Missenden Abbey, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Note:
    SIR JOHN DU PLESSIS, possibly brother of Hugh (b), served in Montgomery in 1223, and in the Welsh campaign in 1228. With Hugh he was preparing for the expedition of 1230. He seems soon afterwards to have attained a position of favour at court, which he retained till his death. Sheriff of Oxon 1239-40. He was in close attendance on the King during the campaign in Gascony, May 1242 to August 1243. After his marriage to the Countess of Warwick, he was acknowledged as EARL OF WARWICK. Constable of the Tower, 24. June 1244, during pleasure. Justice in eyre at the Tower of London, September and October 1251. In 1252 he took the Cross. He was present in May 1253 at the solemn excommunication of all who should break the Charters. In August he sailed with the King for Gascony, returning with him in December 1254. In June 1255 he was relieved of the custody of the Tower. He was then an active member of the Council, and was chosen by the King as one of his representatives on the committee of nominees of the Crown and of the Barons, who were to draw up the reforms known later as the Provisions of Oxford. In 1259 he was one of the Council of three to advise the Justiciar during the King's absence overseas. He was summoned to the muster at Chester, August 1260; and was among the knights summoned to an "instans parliamentum" in London, February 1260/1; in July Sheriff of cos. Warwick and Leicester, with the custody of Sauvey Castle (Rutland); and in October summoned to London with horses and arms.

    John married, 1stly, probably early in 1234, Christian, widow of Sir William DE SIDE(N)HAM, of Titchmarsh, Northants (died 1233-34) and 1st daughter and coheir of Hugh DE SANFORD, of North Moreton, Berks (died 1233-34), by Joan, daughter and heir of Hugh DE NOERS, of Great Missenden, Bucks. She died probably before 25 December 1242. He married, 2ndly, before 14 September 1243, Margaret, suo jure COUNTESS OF WARWICK, being sister and heir of Thomas (DE WARWICK), EARL OF WARWICK (died 1242), and widow of John MARSHAL, of Hingham, Norfolk (died 1242). Margaret died s.p., 3 June 1253. John died 25 February 1262/3. [Complete Peerage X:545-8, XIV:526, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    (b) Who may have been related to John du Plessis in the service of King John, who attested to royal charters in Normandy and England, and authorised the issue of letters of the King.

    --------------------------

    The Countess Margery. was granted, 7 June 1243, the third penny from the co. of Warwick. She married, 2ndly, before 14 September 1243, John DU PLESSIS, who had been granted her marriage, 25 December 1242, and whose parentage is unknown. On 26 April 1245 he was granted the third penny from the co. of Warwick, from which it would appear that he was acknowledged as EARL OF WARWICK, but he did not use that style, nor was he known by it, till August 1247. From that date he unquestionably held the Earldom till his death. Margery d. s.p. 3 June 1253. He died 25 February 1262/3 and was buried in Missenden Abbey, Bucks. [Complete Peerage XII/2:366-7, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    --------------------------

    The first of this family mentioned is John de Plessets, an eminent Norman who came to England in the beginning of the reign of Henry III. He became a domestic servant in the court of King Henry III, and, having served in the Welsh wars, was constituted governor of the castle of Devizes, in Wiltshire, and warden of the forest of Chippenham, in the same shire. In the 24th King Henry's reign [1240] he was sheriff of Oxfordshire, and in two years afterwards he had a grant of the wardship and marriage of John Bisset, and likewise of the heirs of Nicholas Malesmaines. Certain it is that he enjoyed in a high degree the favour of his royal master for, upon the death of John Mareschal, who had m. Margery, the sister and heir of Thomas de Newburgh, Earl of Warwick, the king sent his mandate to the archbishop of York, the bishop of Carlisle, and William de Cantilupe, requiring them that they should earnestly persuade this opulent widow to take John de Plessets for her 2nd husband. Nay, so much did he desire the union that, upon Christmas day in the same year, being then at Bordeaux, he granted to John Plessets, by patent, the marriage of this Margery in case he could procure her consent; and if not, that then he should have the fine which the lady would incur by marrying with the king's license. This course of the king's however, prevailed, and his favourite obtained the hand of Margery de Newburgh, Countess of Warwick, and widow of John Mareschal, styled Earl of Warwick.

    De Plessets was subsequently constituted constable of the Tower of London, but not by the title of Earl of Warwick, not did he assume that dignity for some time afterwards. He did, however, eventually assume it, under a clause in a fine levied in the 31st Henry III [1247], whereby William Mauduit, and Alice, his wife, did, as much as in them lay, confer the earldom upon him for life, so that, if he outlived the countess, his wife, he should not be forced to lay it aside. In the August ensuing, the King, granting to him license to fell oaks in the forest of Dene, styles him Earl of Warwick, and thenceforward he bore that dignity. His lordship was appointed in four years afterwards one of the justices itinerant to sit at the Tower for hearing and determining such pleas as concerned the city of London; and at the breaking out of the contest between Henry and the barons, he was constituted sheriff of the cos. Warwick and Leicester; but he lived not to see the issue of those troubles, for, falling sick in the beginning of the month of February, 1263, he d. before its expiration.

    His lordship left issue by his first wife but none by the Countess of Warwick. Lady Warwick survived her husband but a short time when the Earldom of Warwick and the great inheritance of the Newburghs reverted to her cousin, Waleran de Newburgh, son of her aunt, Lady Alice Mauduit. By his first wife, Christian, dau. and heir of Hugh de Sandford, he had issue, a son and heir, Hugh de Plessets. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 439, Plessets, or Plessetis, Earl of Warwick, Baron Plessets, and p. 399-400, Newburgh, Earls of Warwick]




    Father: John du PLESSIS , of Kidlington b: ABT 1177 in Plessis, Morbihan, Bretagne, France

    Marriage 1 Christian de SAUNFORD b: ABT 1213 in South Moreton, Wallingford, Berkshire, England
    • Married: ABT 1234 in 1st wife 2
    Children
    1. Has Children Hugh de PLESSIS , of Hook & Kidlington, Sir b: ABT 1237 in Hook Norton, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England

    Marriage 2 Margery de BEAUMONT , 7th Countess of Warwick b: ABT 1210 in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England
    • Married: BEF 14 SEP 1243 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 4 2

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:366-7
      Text: father of Hugh
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:545-8
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:545-8
      Text: probably of age in 1223
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:366-7
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