Name: Adam de IRELAND , of Hale, Sir 1
ALIA: Adam /Austin/, of Ireland
Birth: BEF 1258 in Ireland 1
Death: 1324 in Hale, Prescot, Lancashire, England 1
Manor of Hale, Lancashire:
But at the beginning of Edward I's reign another claimant came forward, more important than any of the foregoing. This was Adam Austin or Adam de Ireland, son of Cecily de Wolfall's sister Edusa, who had been living in Ireland, where her son Adam was born and brought up. They were in ignorance of the state of the succession in Hale, but Adam on coming into Lancashire claimed his mother's share of the two-thirds not alienated by Cecily, and then sought a writ against Richard de Walton for the other third.
He first appears as a claimant in 1279, when, in conjunction with his aunt Cecily and her husband, he demanded land, meadow, wood, and the third part of a mill at Hale. For that he substituted a claim against John de Wolfall and Cecily his wife for the moiety of two parts of the manor of Hale as his portion of the inheritance of his uncle Henry de Hale, lately deceased. To this they agreed, and Adam accordingly had seisin. His next suit was against Robert de Holand, Richard son of William de Walton, and others, to recover the third part of the manor, except one messuage. Robert de Holand said he claimed nothing except as guardian of Richard de Walton, a minor. Richard denied Adam's right, and the latter repeated his story, with the addition that his aunt Cecily in her old age and infirmity had desired it to be known that he was her heir, and had allowed him temporary possession 'for one day and one night,' in token of the same.
The claim was unsuccessful, and the Waltons retained this part of the manor. In 1292 Richard de Walton was summoned to show his right to a third part of the manor of Hale, part of the ancient demesne of the crown, but stated that he held in fact only about a sixth of it. On adducing the grant to Richard de Meath, he was met by the statement that the hey of Hale with its hunting and other rights had been reserved by King John; he could only reply that Richard de Meath had occupied the hey as well as the rest of the manor. In 1293 his portion of the manor was taken into the king's hands by default, but four years later was restored to his son William de Walton. The disputes between the various lords of the manor continued, but in 1321 William de Walton sold his rights to Adam de Ireland and Robert his son....
The appearance of the Ireland family has already been narrated. Adam Austin, having established his claim to a portion of the lordship, in 1285 married Avina, daughter of Robert de Holand, his superior lord. The grant to Avina on her marriage may be regarded as a settlement of the disputes between her father and her husband.
The Norris interest in Hale began with Alan, father of the Alan and John le Norreys who settled at Speke. In an undated charter, Alan le Norreys granted to Simon his son the Ditton half of the mill of Hale-that upon the pool between Hale and Ditton — which he had received from Henry de Walton, formerly the king's servant, with fishing and other rights.
This will explain the position in 1292, when the tenants of Hale were summoned to prove their title to their holdings. Robert de Holand had 160 acres and his brother Richard 60; Adam de Ireland and Avina (53) his wife had 200 acres; Alan le Norreys had but 20.
From this time the Irelands' position was secure. Adam Austin de Ireland, in spite of his many lawsuits, lived until 1324, and his wife Avina also. In 1292 he was non-suited in divers claims against Robert de Holand, Robert Erneys of Speke, and his wife Joan, and Roger de Culcheth. In 1323 he was returned by the sheriff as one of those holding lands of the annual value of £15 and more; and about the same time a claim was made against him and his wife Avina and their sons Robert and Adam, by Randle, son of Henry Malinson, respecting his free tenement in Hale, but it was unsuccessful. Another claim was at the same time made against Adam and Avina, and Adam, their son, by Robert Grelley. A charter exists of Adam de Ireland, lord of Hale, to Richard, son of Henry Malinson, another defendant in the former suit, granting him a messuage and lands upon the waste of Hale, near the Old Barn yard, and a fishery in the Mersey called 'the Heegh Yord,' for a rent of 5d.
During Adam's lifetime John de Ireland, who succeeded to Hale (62), had become possessed of lands in the place. In 1331 he appears as son and heir of Adam. At the beginning of 1336 Henry, son of Randle de Hale, sold to John, son of Adam de Ireland, and Agatha his wife (65), certain lands which they held on lease from him.
Some dispute appears to have arisen about this time with Simon de Walton; for Randle de Merton entered into a bond to him for the production by John de Ireland of two charters concerning Hale— the original one of King John to Richard de Meath and the confirmation by Henry III. A royal confirmation was secured, and the contest with the Walton family terminated. John de Ireland continued to purchase lands in Hale, and his name occurs as witness to various deeds down to about 1358.
David de Ireland, his son, succeeded, and was lord of Hale for over twenty years, his name occurring in a receipt for 40 marks paid by him to Sir Richard de Bold as late as 1378. In 1367 the bishop of Lichfield granted him a licence for an oratory in his mansion at Hale.
John de Ireland succeeded his father David early in Richard II's reign; he was knighted at the beginning of Henry IV's. In answer to a quo warranto from the king he claimed wrecks, fishes-royal, assize of bread and beer, amercements of offenders against the same, view of frankpledge and other liberties which had been enjoyed by himself and his ancestors from time beyond memory. From a broken inscription in a window in the chapel, preserved by Challoner, he seems to have been a benefactor to the chantry. His will dated 24 May, 1411, directs his burial in Hale chapel, and mentions his wife Margery and his daughters Joan and Katherine.
His eldest son and successor was William de Ireland. At the beginning of 1422 he enfeoffed a number of trustees, Thomas de Ireland being one, of the manors of Hale and Hutt, and all his other possessions. He died in 1435.
(53) Her name is printed Anne and Amicia.
(62) Robert de Ireland, who had the manor of Kirkdale, early in 1322 granted to his father and mother, Adam and Avina, all the lands he had of their gift in Hale and in Kirkdale in order that they might create a sure rent of 5 marks a year for a chaplain celebrating in a perpetual chantry at Hale. He gave and exchanged at the same time other lands to his brother John. He was described as 'lord of Hale' in 1334, acting perhaps as trustee of his brother John. The 'manors' of Yeldersley, Hale, Ditton, and Kirkdale descended to Robert, son of Robert de Ireland, who was a minor in 1381-2; perhaps Hale, like Ditton and Yeldersley, is to be understood of a portion of the manor.
(65) Agatha the wife of John was perhaps a sister of Randle de Merton, who in the pedigree is described as 'of Bebington'. The Irelands were afterwards in possession of certain lands and a fishery in Bebington supposed to be derived from this marriage.
['Townships: Hale', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3 (1907), pp. 140-149. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk]
Adam's ancestry is partly based on information in World Connect db=jhmjr, maintained by James Maloney, prompted by his post-em to my data base. See his entry for Adam de Ireland for more detailed information.
Father: Austyn de IRELAND b: ABT 1220 in Ireland
Mother: Edusa de MEATH , heiress of Hale b: ABT 1222 in Hale, Prescot, Lancashire, England
Avina\Avena de HOLAND b: ABT 1276 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
- John de IRELAND , of Hale, Sir b: ABT 1293 in Hale, Prescot, Lancashire, England
- Robert de IRELAND , of Kirkdale, Sir b: ABT 1294 in Kirkdale, West Derby, Lancashire, England
- Thomas de IRELAND , of Hartshorne, Sir b: ABT 1295 in Hartshorne, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Derbyshire, England
- Title: VCH - Lancashire:. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk