The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I12126
  • Name: John de HOLAND , KG, 1st Duke of Exeter 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 1st Duke of /Exeter/, John de Holand
  • Name: 16th\1st Earl of ARUNDEL , John de Holand 5
  • Name: 13th\1st Earl of HUNTINGDON , John de Holand 6
  • Birth: AFT 1350 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England 1 4
  • Death: 9 JAN 1399/00 in Castle Pleshey, Essex, England (beheaded) 7 4
  • Burial: Collegiate Church, Pleshey, Essex, England
  • Note:
    A century and a half earlier John de Holand, great-great grandson of Henry III through his mother Joan, the Fair Maid of Kent (whose 2nd husband was Thomas de Holand, Earl of Kent), had been created Duke of Exeter. The day of his promotion (he had previously been created Earl of Huntingdon) was 29 Sep 1397, when his half-brother Richard II created five dukedoms in a single day (another of the beneficiaries being John's nephew)--an act of extravagance without parallel in the English peerage history. After Henry IV's usurpation John was degraded from his dukedom and executed. [Burke's Peerage, on the history of the Dukedom of Exeter]

    -------------------------

    on the history of the Earldom of Huntingdon:

    When the third Simon de St Liz died in 1184 he left no surviving issue and David, younger brother of the Kings of Scots just mentioned, assumed the Earldom from 1185 (on the handing over of it to him by William the Lion) till it was taken away from him in 1215 or 1216 by King John. He got it back again in 1218, however. It is this David's daughter who married Sir Henry de Hastinges, ancestor of the Lords (Barons) Hastings of which the current Hastings holdersof the Huntingdon Earldom are cadets....A little over a century later the then Lord Clinton was promoted Earl of Huntingdon. Apart from his wife being the widow of Lord Hastings he seems to have had no family connection with the title's previous holders. On his death death without issue in 1354 the Earldom expired once more. Between 1377 and 1380 an anglicised Frenchman, Guichard d'Angle, held the Earldom as a life creation granted by Richard II. Eight years later [1388] it was conferred on John de Holand and from then till 1461 it shared the fortunes of the Dukedom of Exeter. [Burke's Peerage, p. 1474]

    ------------------------

    EARLDOM OF ARUNDEL (XVI, 1) 1398? to 1399

    EARLDOM OF HUNTINGDON (XIII, 1) 1388 to 1399

    DUKEDOM OF EXETER (I)

    JOHN DE HOLAND, younger son of Thomas, EARL OF KENT, by Joan, sister and heir of John, and daughter of Edmund OF WOODSTOCK, EARLS OF KENT: he was born after 1350. On the accession of his half-brother, Richard II, he had a series of grants from the Crown; 100 a year, 14 March 1377/8, 250 marks a year, 8 May 1380, the manor of Northwich, co. Chester, and the lordship of Hope and Hopedale, co. Flint, 22 August 1380. K.G. about 1381. On 6 May (and again, 25 August) 1381 he was appointed Justice of Chester, for life. He was one of those who were commissioned, 1 December 1381, to conduct the Lady Anne, the future Queen Consort) and sister of the King of the Romans and of Bohemia, to the royal presence. Lieutenant of Ireland, August 1382. On 4 November 1383 he was appointed an envoy to negotiate at Calais concerning a truce with France. About May 1384. he murdered, with circumstances of peculiar atrocity, a Carmelite Friar, who had charged John of Gaunt with high treason. In July 1385, a fatal brawl having taken place at York between his esquires and those of the Staffords, he slew the Earl of Stafford's eldest son in the quarrel which ensued between them: his goods were confiscated, and he was deprived of his office of justice of Chester: he himself had taken sanctuary at Beverley. On 2 February 1385/6 he was brought, clad in mourning, to the royal presence, and, after abject prostrations, was admitted to grace. A few months afterwards he was appointed Constable of the army which John, Duke of Lancaster, was taking out in an attempt to obtain the Crown of Castile.

    On the eve of this expedition, he married, at or near Plymouth, 24 June 1386, Elizabeth, 2nd daughter of the said Duke, by his 1st wife, Blanche, 2nd daughter and coheir, eventually sole heir, of Henry, DUKE OF LANCASTER: she accompanied him to Spain. It was by his advice that the Duke abandoned this unsuccessful enterprise. On 2 June 1388 he was created EARL OF HUNTINGDON, with remainder to the heirs male of his body by Elizabeth, his wife: together with lands to the value of 2,000 marks a year, inclusive of those he then held. The castle of Berkhampstead was granted him as a residence, 8 October 1388, during pleasure, he was appointed Constable of Tintagel Castle, 6 January 1388/9, for life; Admiral of the Fleet from the mouth of the Thames westviards, 18 May 1389, during pleasure; and Captain of the castle, town, and bastide of Brest, 1 June 1389, for three years, as from Whitsunday following. Was the King's Chamberlain, February to September 1390. He took a leading and successful part in a tournament near Calais in May 1390, and in another at Smithfield in October following. He was appointed Chamberlain of England, for life, 31 May 1390, and again, 4 September 1393: he was granted this office, to him and the heirs male of his body, 2 February 1397/8. Appointed Constable of Rockingham Castle and Steward of Rockingham forest, 19 April 1391, and received a grant of Horston Castle, 29 September 1391, all for life. On 22 February 1391/2, with the Duke of Lancaster and others, he was appointed to negotiate a truce with France. Constable of Conway Castle, 3 September 1394 to 25 February 1397/8. He was appointed Keeper of the Western Marches towards Scotland, 16 February 1396/7. About that time he informed the Pope that he proposed visiting Italy in order to exterminate schismatics and rebels, and the Pope accordingly appointed him Gonfalonier of the Holy Roman Church and vicar in temporals in the papal dominions, 1 March 1396/7. He was appointed Constable of Arundel Castle, 7 August 1397. He was one of the eight persons who appealed of treason the Lords Appellant, viz., the Duke of Gloucester and the Earls of Arundel and Warwick, in Parliament, 21 September 1397. On 29 September 1397 he was created, in Parliament, DUKE OF EXETER. He was appointed Captain of the town of Calais and Keeper of the New Tower there, 24 February 1397/8, for 15 years as from the preceding 6 February. On 28 September and 1 December 1397, he was granted the honour of Arundel, on 23 September 1398 the castle and lordship of Lewes, and on 15 January 1398/9 the castle and lordship of Reigate, all recently forfeited by Richard, late Earl of Arundel, in tail male. He accompanied the King to Ireland in May 1399, returning with him in July, being one of those for whose safety the King obtained a guarantee. He was sent to Hertford Castle, 20 October 1399, and was brought thence in custody, and examined in Parliament before the King and the Council, Wednesday 29 October, as one of the eight appellants mentioned above, concerning his complicity in the murder of the Duke of Gloucester, but he declared that he knew nothing about the Duke's death till the Duke of Norfolk informed him of it: and that as to the exile of the present King, and the other judgments pronounced in the Parliament of 21 Richard II, he was never connected with them and lamented them in his heart, but dared say nothing for fear of death. He was, however, adjudged, 3 November, to "lese and forgo" the name he had now of Duke "and the worship and the dignite therof." He joined in the plot to seize Henry IV, but took no active part, and remained in London awaiting the result, after which he took ship down the Thames, but, being detained by contrary winds, landed in Essex, hastened to Hadleigh Castle, and on proceeding thence was captured in a mill at Prittlewell, taken to Chelmsford and then to Pleshy Castle: here he was executed, either in the presence and by the orders of Joan, Countess of Hereford, or else by the mob, on 9 or 10 January 1399/1400. His head was set on London Bridge, and his body was buried in the Collegiate Church at Pleshy. M.I. In the Parl. which met in January 1400/1 he and his fellow conspirators were declared to be traitors, and as such to have forfeited all the lands which they had possessed on 5 January 1 Henry IV, and all their goods and chattels: whereby the Earldom of Huntingdon was forfeited. His widow received a grant of 1,000 marks a year for her maintenance, 18 February 1399/1400, and various grants of his forfeited goods, from that date till 3 July 1401. On 24 August 1400, the manor and advowson of Stevington, Beds, and the manor of Ardington, Berks, of which she and her husband had been jointly enfeoffed, were liberated to her. She married, before 12 December 1400, Sir John CORNWALL. She was permitted to have dower of her late husband's lands, notwithstanding his forfeiture, in 1404. She, for whom robes of the Garter were provided in 1378, and until 1421, died 24 November 1425, and was buried in Burford Church, Salop: M.I. On 17 July 1432 Sir John CornwaIl was created, in Parliament, Baron of Fanhope, co. Hereford, a manor which he had recently purchased: on 30 January 1441/2, he was created, also in Parliament, Baron of Milbroke, co. Beds, another manor which he had recently purchased. He died 11 December 1443, and was buried in a chapel in the cemetery of the Black Friars by Ludgate. [Complete Peerage I:245, V:195-200, XIV:311, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Thomas de HOLAND , KG, 1st Earl of Kent b: 1314 in Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England
    Mother: Joan PLANTAGENET , "The Fair Maid of Kent" b: 29 SEP 1328 in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Isabel Princess of CASTILE b: ABT 1355 in Morales, Zamora, Spain
    • Married: BEF 1384 in Affair, possibly conceiving Richard Earl of Cambridge 8

    Marriage 2 Elizabeth PLANTAGENET b: 1364 in Leicester, Leicestershire, England
    • Married: 24 JUN 1386 in 1st husband 1 4
    Children
    1. Has Children Constance de HOLAND b: 1387 in Totnes, Devon, England
    2. Has No Children Alice de HOLAND b: ABT 1392 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
    3. Has Children John HOLAND , 3rd Duke of Exeter b: 29 MAR 1395 in Dartington, Totnes, Devon, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 47c-32
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1013
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1474
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:195-200
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: I:245
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:653-4
    7. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 47c-32
      Text: 1400
    8. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Brad Verity, 25 Feb 2003
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