The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I11771
  • Name: Maud de CAUZ , Heiress of Laxton 1 2 3
  • Sex: F
  • ALIA: Maud de /Caux/, Heir of Laxton & Shelford
  • Birth: ABT 1143 in Shelford, Bingham, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Death: ABT 14 MAY 1224 in Laxton, Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England 3
  • Note:
    The following was copied from the website: Archaelology & History of Medieval Sherwood Forest, sherwoodforesthistory.blogspot,co,nz. The information was based on an article by David Crook, "The Early Keepers of Sherwood Forest", Transactions of the Thoroton Society (1980):

    In Nottinghamshire the Keepers of Sherwood Forest were for many generations hereditary.

    These hereditary keepers of Sherwood Forest (or the Forests of Nottinghamshire), were the De Caux family, and later through marriage the Birkin and then the D'Everingham families.

    They were based at Laxton Castle, Nottinghamshire.

    Research by David Crook in his paper 'Early Keepers of Sherwood Forest' (Transactions of the Thoroton Society 1980) suggests the following decent for the De Caux and D'Everingham hereditary Keepers of Sherwood Forest:

    Gerard De Normanville (in the time of William I)
    Ralph De Normanville
    Basilia De Normanville = Robert De Caux I
    Robert De Caux II
    Robert De Caux III
    Maud De Caux = Ralph fitz Stephen (in the time of Henry II)
    Maud De Daux = Adam Fitz Peter - Lord of Birkin
    John of Birkin
    Thomas Birkin
    Isabella Birkin= Robert D'Everingham
    Adam D'Everingham
    Robert D'Everingham (lost keepership)

    After: Crook, D. 1980. The early keepers of Sherwood Forest. Transactions of the Thoroton Society LXXXIV, 14-20.

    Robert D'Everingham lost the keepership in 1287 through poaching.

    Of the 11 hereditary keepers of the Forest up to 4 were women!

    Of the first- a Basilia De Normanville little is known- she was perhaps married to Robert De Caux under the command of Henry I (Crook 1980).

    There were 2 Maud De Caux's in the late 12th and early 13th century. One was the others aunt.

    The first Maud De Caux had her position and that of her heirs confirmed in a charter by King John between 1189-94 at Derby.

    She was succeeded by her aunt after dying without heir - the keepership did not trasnfer to an arm of the Fitz Stephen family, but stayed with the second Maud De Caux.

    In 1204 King John took over Laxton Manor for himself- but the keepership remained in the hands of Maud De Caux.

    In 1217 one of the Maud De Caux -had a run in with the Sheriff of Nottingham Philip Mark who was trying to take over the keepership for himself! (see A Bad Sheriff entry for more details)

    Isabella Birkin was married to Robert D'Everingham starting their line of keepers (possibly to ensure a strong man supported the office)- but the keepership was passed from her to her son Adam D'Everingham in an Inquisition Post Mortem on her death in the 13th century

    - suggesting the office was hers not her husbands!

    -------------------

    Laxton, Nottinghamshire:

    Her name was Matildis de Cauz, and she had another husband called Adam, son of (or Fitz) Peter, who it seems 5 R. 1. had a duel with Simon de Lacells, and recovered twenty-four car. of land in Birkin in Yorkshire, of which place his posterity, & himself too, I suppose, had their name.

    Matildis de Cauz gave the town of Ronstone (in Lincolneshire, in which county a good share of this barony lay) with the advowson of the church to the Knights Templars, and it belonged to the preceptory of Temple Bruer, (i. e. on the heath) to which Robert de Everingham afterwards gave and confirmed that manor. Her husband, Adam Fitz-Peter, and she, gave to God, and Saint John, and the monks of Pontesract, half the mill of Stainburgh, to which deed Thomas Fitz-Peter, and Roger Fitz-Peter, his brothers, and Robert his son, amongst the rest were witnesses. He likewise gave and confirmed to them half a bovat in Fareburne. His son John for the health of his own soul, and of Joane his wife, and for the safety of their bodies, gave and confirmed to the said monks thirteen acres of meadow in Smethall, which his said father gave, and two oaks every year against Christmas in his wood of Byrkin, and one buck in his park, in the feast of St. John before Port Latin, and half the mill of Stainburg, with the suit belonging to the moyety of the mill. Peter, and Roger, and William, his brothers, were witnesses amongst the rest to his deed.

    The sheriff 14 May, 8 H. 3. was commanded to take into the kings hands all the lands which were hers the said Matildis Cauz, who had been the wife of Raph Fitz Stephen, and was then dead.

    [Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 3: Republished with large additions by John Throsby, pp. 205-12]

    NOTE: Thoroton/Throsby, above, was mistaken, stating that there was only one Matilda/Maud de Caus who m. both Adam de Birkin and Ralph FitzStephen. As indicated on the Sherwood Forest website, there were two men named Robert de Cauz in a row, each with a daughter named Maud (in latin: Matilda), the 1st m. Adam de Birkin and the next m. Ralph FitzStephen. However the eldest Maud outlived the younger and inherited from her niece when she died without issue. Then Maud's (the elder aunt) son & heir John de Birkin inherited from her after she d. c14 May 1224.




    Father: Robert II de CAUZ , of Shelford & Laxton b: ABT 1115 in Laxton, Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England
    Mother: Isabel de FERRERS b: ABT 1116 in Tutbury, Burton-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England

    Marriage 1 Adam FitzPeter de BIRKIN b: ABT 1135 in Birkin, Yorkshire West Riding, England
    • Married: in 2nd wife 1
    Children
    1. Has Children John de BIRKIN , of Laxton, Sir b: ABT 1163 in Laxton, Southwell, Nottinghamshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Joan Burdyck, 13 Feb 2001
    2. Title: Archaelology & History of Medieval Sherwood Forest, research by David Crook, sherwoodforesthistory.blogspot,co,nz
      Page: see notes
      Text: 7th keeper of Sherwood Forest
    3. Title: Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire, by John Throsby, 1790, online at www.british-history.ac.uk
      Page: III:205-12
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