The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I11706
  • Name: Edmund PLANTAGENET , 1st Earl of Kent 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 03rd\1st Earl of /Kent/, Edmund of Woodstock
  • Name: 13th\1st Earl of ARUNDEL , Edmund Plantagenet 5
  • Name: Edmund of WOODSTOCK , 1st Earl of Kent 4
  • Birth: 5 AUG 1301 in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England 6 4 3
  • Death: 19 MAR 1329/30 in Beheaded at Winchester, Hampshire, England 1 4 3
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England
  • Note:
    Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent of the 1321 creation (beheaded for treason 19 March 1329/30), 6th and last son of Edward I. [Burke's Peerage]

    ----------------------

    EARLDOM of ARUNDEL (XIII) 1327 to 1330

    Edmund, Earl of Kent, 6th son of Edward I, received the Castle and Honour of Arundel, whereby (according to the admission of 1433) he may be considered to have become Earl of Arundel. He was beheaded 19 Mar 1329/30, and, being attainted, all his honours became forfeited, but the Castle and Honour of Arundel were retained by his widow, on whom they had been settled. [Complete Peerage I:242]

    ---------------------

    BARONY of WOODSTOCK (I) 1320

    EARLDOM OF KENT (III, 1) 1321 to 1330

    EDMUND, Earl of Kent, 6th and youngest son of Edward I, being his 2nd son by his 2nd wife, Margaret, daughter of Philip III, King of France. He was born 5 August 1301, at Woodstock. On 18 July 1310 Edward II granted to him and his elder brother Thomas the castles and lands late of Roger, Earl of Norfolk. On 18 October 1315 the King granted him the manors of Ashford, co. Derby, Kenton, Shebbear, Chetscombe, Lifton with the hundred, co. Devon, lands and tenements in Waltham, co. Lincoln, and divers rents, to hold at pleasure; on 16 February 1317/8 the castle of Gloucester with the barton and tync and the farm of the town for life, or till otherwise provided for; on 9 July 1318 the manor and town of Somerton and the manor of Camel, to hold from the death of Queen Margaret, during pleasure; on 2 February 1318/9 the castle and honour of Knaresborough and the manors of Aldborough, Boroughbridge, and Roecliffe, 200 marks a year, during pleasure. With the King's consent he joined in guaranteeing the treaty made at Leek which restricted the royal authority, 9 August 1318. He was one of the envoys sent to the King of France, and to the Pope in March 1319/20. He was present at the delivery of the Great Seal in the Convent of the Friars Minor, Gloucester, 16 April 1321. On 16 June 1321 he was appointed Keeper of Kent, of the castle of Dover and of the Cinque Ports, during pleasure. He was summoned to Parliament (before his elevation to an earldom) 5 August 1320, by writ directed Edmundo de Wodestok', whereby he is held, according to modern doctrine, to have become LORD WOODSTOCK. On 28 July 1321 the King, his brother, having girded him with the sword as EARL OF KENT, granted him 30 a year from the issues of that county by the hands of the sheriff under the name and honour of Earl of Kent, and gave him divers farms and hundreds to hold for lifc. On 26 September 1321 he was appointed Keeper of Tonbridge Castle, forfeited by Hugh de Audley the younger, but the Keeper, Bartholomew de Badlesmere, refused to give it up. On 6 February 1321/2 he was ordered to raise as many men-atarms and foot soldiers as possible, and in March he accompanied the King to Lichfield on his expedition against Thomas, Earl of Lancastcr, and after Thomas's defeat at Boroughbridge on 16 March presided at his trial at Pontefract. On 30 March 1322 the King granted him, in lieu of the castle and barton of Gloucester, the castles of Cefnyllys and Dinevor and the cantred of Maelieydd in the march of Wales, late of Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore, to hold in tail male. When the Despensers were restored in May 1322, Edmund pleaded that he had consented to their banishment under coercion. He was Sheriff of Rutland 1322-26. He was summoned to serve against the Scots, (muster at Newcastle 13 June) 25 March 1322, and on 9 April was asked to raise 300 foot soldiers from his lordship of Maelieydd. On 4 July 1322 he was granted the castle of Oakham to hold during pleasure. He was with the King in his expedition against the Scots in August 1322, and on 15 October following accompanied him in his flight from Rievaulx to Bridlington after the rout at Byland Abbey. On 27 November he was commanded to raise as many men-at-arms as possible over and above his usual train for service against the Scots, and on 10 December was ordered to march at the head of them to York. He was appointed Lieutenant in the marches of Scotland 9 February 1322/3, during pleasure, in the place of Andrew de Harcla, and 17 February Lieutenant in the six northern counties. On 27 February he was appointed one of the justices to degrade Sir Andrew de Harcla and sentence him to death. He was specially empowered to raise and arm the people of Cumberland, Westmorland, Lancashire and Craven, 3 March 1322/3, and was ordered to serve personally against the Scots on 9 March. On 18 April he was ordered to provide pack-saddles for the use of the army in case it should be expedient to advance without the wagon train. The castle of Wallingford having been taken by the barons, he and Henry, Earl of Lancaster, were sent to recapture it, which they did. In the same year he and the Archbishop of Dublin were sent to France to make the King's excuses for not coming to do homage. He was one of the commissioners appointed, 30 March 1324, to enquire into the outragcs which had occurred at Saint Serdos in the Agenais, and to carry out any reforms needed in the government of the duchy of Aquitaine, being appointed Lieutenant in Aquitaine and the Agenais, during pleasure, 20 July 1324. He was sent to Gascony in 1325, and on 2 April was commanded to exhort the Gascons to defend the country, as reinforcements were about to be sent under the command of the Earl of Surrey, who would yield place to Edmund. He accompanied Queen Isabel and Edward, Prince of Wales, when the Queen went to France seeking refuge with her brother, Philip V, from Edward II and the Despensers. He was with them at the court of Hainault, when he attested the articles for the marriage of Edward, Prince of Wales, with Philippe of Hainault. He returned to England in 1326 with Queen Isabel, Prince Edward, and 500 men of Hainault. They landed in Suffolk, and on 27 and 28 September the King ordered forces throughout England and Wales to be assembled to pursue, take and kill all except the Queen, the Prince, and Edmund, their purpose having been to put the King in subjection. On 26 October, at the extraordinary Council at Bristol, he joined in electing Prince Edward, then Duke of Aquitaine, as Regent and "Custos" of the kingdom. The following day he acted as one of the assessors of Sir William Trussel, Sheriff of cos. Warwick and Leicester, for the trial of Hugh Despenser the elder, and 24 November for the trial of the younger Despenser. He was present at the Coronation of Edward III. in Westminster Abbey, 1 February 1326/7. On 26 February 1326/7 the King gave him, among other grants, a grant in fee tail of the castle, town and honour of Arundel, Sussex, whereby, according to the admission of 1433, he maybe considered to have become EARL OF ARUNDEL. On 16june 1327 he was appointed joint Captain of the forces in the marches towards Scotland. On 1 March 1327/8 the King granted him all the forfeited lands of Hugh le Despenser in co. Leicester, except the manor of Loughborough. In 1329, while in Gascony (30 September), he and his wife were released from their vow to go on pilgrimage to Santiago, he having learned that there were plots against his life in Spain. He was summoned to Councils from 22 March 1321/2 to 15 June 1328, and to Parliament from 14 March 1321/2 to 25 January 1329/30, by writs directed Edmundo Comiti Kanc' fratris [avunculo tempore Edward III] Regis.

    He had a dispensation, 6 October 1325, to marry, though she was related to him in the 3rd or 4th degree, and marry, about Christmas 1325, Margaret, widow of John Comyn, of Badenoch (who died s.p., 24 June 1314, being slain at the battle of Bannockburn, sister and h. of Sir Tbomas WAKE, of Liddel, Cumberland [LORD WAKE], and daughter of Sir John WAKE, of the same [LORD WAKE], by Joan his wife. She was allowed dower out of her first husband's lands in October 1329. Certain letters-the treasonable character of which the Earl did not deny----having come into the King's hands, he was arrested at the Parliament of Winchester on the morrow of St. Gregory [13 March] 1329/30, when he confessed that he had sought to collect forces to restore Edward II, having been persuaded that his half-brother was still alive. He was condemned to death as a traitor by the award of the magnates in the said Parliament on the vigil of St. Cuthbert [19 March], and executed ad vesperas outside the gates of Winchester Castle. He was bur. in the Church of the Friars Minor there, but his body was afterwards removed to Westminster Abbey. On 14 March his wife and children were sent to Salisbury Castle, to be in the custody of the sheriff of Wilts till further orders. On her petition to Parliament on the morrow of St. Nicolas [7 December] 1330, the King, with the assent of Parl., allowed her to have her dower. The Earl's goods were restored to his executors 14 February 1330/1, on 14, 15 February his widow had livery of her dower, and (20, 24 February) of the knights' fees and advowsons of her dower, all of which had been assigned to her by the King. On the death, s.p., of her brother, Thomas, Lord Wake, 31 May 1349, she became, according to modern doctrine, suo jure BARONESS WAKE. On 20 August 1349 the King took her fealty and gave her livery of the lands of her brother, Thomas, Lord Wake, of Liddel, her homage being respited. She was then aged 40 and more. She died 29 September 1349. [Complete Peerage VII:142-8, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Edward I Plantagenet "Longshanks" King O ENGLAND b: 17 JUN 1239 in Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England
    Mother: Marguerite Princess of FRANCE b: 1279 in Paris, Seine, Ile-de-France, France

    Marriage 1 Margaret 2nd Baroness WAKE b: ABT 1299 in Liddel, Cumberland, England
    • Married: ABT 25 DEC 1325 in 2nd husband 1 4 3
    Children
    1. Has No Children Edmund PLANTAGENET , 2nd Earl of Kent b: ABT 1326 in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England
    2. Has Children Joan PLANTAGENET , "The Fair Maid of Kent" b: 29 SEP 1328 in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England
    3. Has No Children John PLANTAGENET , 3rd Earl of Kent b: 7 APR 1330 in Arundel Castle, Sussex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 114-5
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2904
    3. Title: Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-Century Colonists, by David Faris, 2nd Edition 1999, NEHGS
      Page: 185
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:142-8
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: I:242
    6. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 155-31
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