The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I11704
  • Name: Thomas de HOLAND , KG, 1st Earl of Kent 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 06th\1st Earl of /Kent/, Thomas de Holand
  • Birth: 1314 in Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England
  • Death: BET 26 AND 28 DEC 1360 in Normandy, France 1 4 3
  • Burial: Church of Grey Friars, Stamford, Lincolnshire, England
  • Note:
    Thomas de Holand, 1st Lord (Baron) Holand, so created March 1353/4 by writ of summons to Parliament, KG (1348?, founding member); served Hundred Years War: Battle of Sluys (English naval victory) and Siege of Tournai 1340, Crecy 1346, Lt. and Capt. of Brittany and neighbouring parts of Poitou for duration of war March 1353/4, Keeper: Channel Islands 1356, Crocy (Normandy) 1357 and Castle of Saint Sauveur le Vicomte Feb 1358/9, Jt Lt. and Capt. of Duchy of Normandy 1359, Capt. and Lt. of France and Normandy 1360; m. by 1339, as her 2nd of three husbands, Joan ("The Fair Maid of Kent"), Countess of Kent in her own right and granddaughter of Edward I, and in consequence was summoned to Parliament 20 Nov 1360 as Earl of Kent, although the Parliament in question did not meet till 24 Jan 1360/1, by which time he had d. 26 or 28 Dec 1360. [Burke's Peerage, p. 3100]

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    Sir Thomas de Holand, KG, of Broughton, Bucks, considered to be Earl of Kent in right of his wife. [Burke's Peerage, p. 2904]

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    Sir Thomas de Holand, KG, Earl of Kent, d. Normandy 26 or 28 Dec 1360; m. in or bef. 1339 Joan Plantagenet, Countess of Kent, the "Fair Maid of Kent", d. Wallingford Castle 8 Aug 1385. [Magna Charta Sureties, line 90-7]

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    EARLDOM OF KENT (VI, 1) 1352

    JOAN, suo jure COUNTESS OF KENT, BARONESS WOODSTOCK and BARONESS WAKE, sister and heir, aged 24 and more at her brother's death. She had married, in spring 1340, Sir Thomas DE HOLAND, K.G., of Broughton, Bucks, younger son of Sir Robert DE HOLAND, of Upholland, co. Lancs, by Maud, 2nd daughter and coheir of Sir Alan LA ZOUCHE, of Ashby, co. Leicester [LORD ZOUCHE]. In 1337 he had served under Robert d'Artois in an expedition to Bordeaux, and also took part in an embassy sent to the Count of Hainault at Valenciennes. In 134o he was in the expedition to Flanders, taking part in the battle of Sluys, 24 June, and siege of Tournai in July. On 6 January 1340/1 he had a protection going across seas with the King, in 1341 was sent with John d'Artevelt and a force to Bayonne to guard the frontier, and in 1342 accompanied Robert d'Artois to Brittany in support of the Countess de Montfort. On 2 May 1343 and 12 June 1346 he was about to go beyond seas. In 1343 he was one of the commanders left to besiege Nantes, when the King-himself withdrew, and he took part also in the assault on Vannes. On 28 June 1346 his mother had licence to enfeoff him of the manors of Halse, Brackley, and King's Sutton. He took the Count of Eu prisoner at the capture of Caen, 26 July 1346,[g] but surrendered him to Edward III for 80,000 florins with the shield, 16 June 1347. He fought at Crécy, 26 August 1346, in the Prince's division, and after the battle superintended the counting of the slain. Before 10 February 1340/1, during his absence abroad, Joan his wife went through a form of marriage (possibly under compulsion) with William (MONTAGU), EARL of SALISBURY.[j] On 14 May 1347 he was ordered to join the King before Calais and on 24 October following the King granted him £40 for his good services. On 24 August 1352 he and Joan his wife had a grant of 100 marks p.a. for Joan's life, or, if her brother died without issue, until she acquired his lands. On 22 February 1352/3 they had livery of the lands of her brother John, the King having taken the homage and fealty of Thornas. On 18 March 1353/4 he was appointed Lieutenant and Captain in the duchy of Brittany and the parts of Poitou adjacent as long as the war with France should last, being reappointed 8 February 1354/5, as from 13 April next, for a year. In 1356 he and Joan his wife conveyed the manors of Chesterfield and Ashford, with the advowson of the hospital of St. Leonard of Chesterfield, to Otes de Holand chr., for life. On 6 June 1356 he was appointed Keeper of the Channel Islands as from 2 April last; on 18 November 1357 Keeper of the fortalice and place of Crocy (Cruyk), near Falaise, in Normandy; and on 5 February 1358/9 Keeper of the castle and fortress of Saint Sauveur le Vicomte at a rent of 5,000 florins with the shield, which he was ordered, 12 May 1360, to deliver to Sir John Chaundos. On 28 October 1359 he was appointed joint Lieutenant and Captain (with Philip of Navarre, Count of Longueville) in the duchy of Normandy, and on 30 September 1360 Captain and Lieutenant in France and Normandy for a quarter of a year, to have with him 60 men-at-arms (including one banneret and 10 knights) and 120 horse-archers. He was summoned to a Council 15 July 1353, and to Parliament from 15 March 1353/4 to 15 December 1357, by writs directed Thome de Holand', whereby he is held to have become LORD HOLAND. He was also summoned, in consequence of bis marriage, 2o November 1360, by writ directed Thome Comiti Kanc', to the Parliament which met (a month after he died) 24 January 1360/1. He, who was a founder Knight of the Order of the Garter died in Normandy, 26 or 28 December 1360, and was buried in the Church of the Grey Friars at Stamford. On 20 February 1360/1 his widow had livery of her lands which had been taken into the King's hand on the Earl's death. She married, 2ndly, by dispensation, Sunday 10 October 1361, at Windsor, Edward, PRINCE OF WALES, who died 8 July 1376. She, who received Robes of the Order of the Garter in 1378, 1379, 1384 and 1385, was mother of Richard II. She died apparently 8 August 1385, at Wallingford Castle, Berks, and was buried in the Church of the Grey Friars at Stamford, co. Lincoln. [Complete Peerage VII:150-54, XIV:408, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    [g] On this occasion Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jehan de Melun, Count of Tankerville, Chamberlain of France, endeavoured to hold the gatehouse of the bridge, when the burghers had fled. Looking out, they saw a group approaching, under a banner they recognised, among them a very gentle English knight, who had but one eye, called Messire Thomas de Hollande. To him and his companions they surrendered. Then was Sir Thomas glad for two reasons, one that they were such good prisoners, for whom he could have 100,000 gold pieces, and the other that he had saved their lives, for they were in great danger between the French and English. On entering the city the English knights did all they could to protect the women of the town and the nuns. Thomas was one of the commissioners to take the surrender. (Froissart, op. cit., vol. xvii, p. 253).

    [j] In Thomas de Holand's petition to Clement VI, May 1347, he says that he was married to Joan more than 8 years ago, and that while he was in Prussia Montagu married her and unjustly detained her (Cal. Papal Letters, Vol. iii, p. 252). The matter was referred to Cardinal Ademar, who, after examination, reported the earlier marriage to be legal, and the Pope thereupon, 17 Nov. 1349, ordered Joan to be restored to her lawful husband (Beltz, citing Reg. Islip, f. 18c-Lambeth Library).




    Father: Robert III 1st Baron de HOLAND , KG, Sir b: ABT 1283 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
    Mother: Maud la ZOUCHE , Heiress of Brackley b: ABT 1289 in Ashby de la Zouch, Leicestershire, England

    Marriage 1 Joan PLANTAGENET , "The Fair Maid of Kent" b: 29 SEP 1328 in Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England
    • Married: ABT 1339 in 1st husband 5 4 6
    Children
    1. Has Children Thomas de HOLAND , 2nd Earl of Kent, KG, Sir b: ABT 1350 in Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England
    2. Has Children John de HOLAND , KG, 1st Duke of Exeter b: AFT 1350 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
    3. Has No Children Maud de HOLAND b: ABT 1351 in Broughton, Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 90-7
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 3100, 2904
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:150-4
    4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 3100
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 90-7, 114-6
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:388-90
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