The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I11700
  • Name: Thomas de MONTAGU , KG, 4th Earl of Salisbury 1 2 3 4 5
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Thomas de /Montacute/
  • Birth: AFT 1390 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 6 7
  • Death: 3 NOV 1428 in Siege of Orleans, France (dspm) 1 4 5
  • Burial: Bisham, Berkshire, England
  • Note:
    Earldom of Salisbury: The next two (after the 2nd) Montagu Earls of Salisbury were also Knights of the Garter, though only one was appointed a Marshal of England as well. The 4th Earl of the 1337 creation has been called the most distinguished English commander of the phase of the Hundred Years War that followed the death of Henry V in 1422 and beat the French at Cravant (1423) and Verneuil (1424). The latter was considered by contemporaries as important as Agincourt. He had literary leanings, being a patron of the poet John Lydgate, and a more famous connection through his second wife, who was Chaucer's granddaughter.

    The 4th Earl of the 1337 creation died in 1428. He left a daughter, who married Richard Neville. [Burke's Peerage, p. 2532]

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    Sir Thomas de Monagu, KG, b. c 1388, d. 1428, Earl of Salisbury, Lt. Gen. of Normandy; m. (1) 1399 Eleanor de Holand, b. 1387, liv. 1413, dau. of Sir Thomas de Holand, d. 1397, Earl of Kent; m. (2) bef. Nov 1424 Alice, d. 1475, widow of Sir John Philip & dau. & heir of Thomas Chaucer, Chief Butler to Richard II & Henry IV, speaker of the House of Commons, probably son of Geoffrey Chaucer, English poet, brother-in-law of John of Gaunt. [Ancestral Roots]

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    BARONY OF MONTAGU (VI)

    EARLDOM OF SALISBURY (IX, 4)

    THOMAS MONTAGU, 1st son and heir, in 1401 received an annuity of £100 for his maintenance till he should be of age. On 14 June 1409, after he had proved his age and done fealty, all that his father had held in fee tail was restored to him; and he was summoned to Parliament as EARL OF SALISBURY, 26 October following. In 1412 he sailed with the expedition to France. K.G. From July to October 1414 he was occupied in treating for peace, and for the marriage of Henry V to Katharine of France. While waiting to sail at Southampton, 1415, a commissioner to try the conspirators on behalf of the Earl of March, and one of the body of peers who tried the Earl of Cambridge and Lord Scrope, when they claimed trial by their peers. On 26 April 1419, for his outstanding services, he received a grant of the Comté of Perche in tail male, and was appointed Lt. General of Normandy and the Marches South of the Seine; in 1420, of the whole Duchy, with Maine. After the English defeat at Baugé, he made a notable raid through Maine into Anjou. In March 1426 he had a dispensation from his vow to revisit the Holy Sepulchre. In November he was in England as P.C. In August 1428 he proceeded to besiege Orleans; a shot from the city wounded him, and he died a week later at Meung-sur-Loire.

    He married, 1stly, on or before 23 May 1399, Eleanor, 3rd daughter of Thomas (DE HOLAND), EARL of KENT, by Alice, daughter of Richard (FITZALAN), EARL OF ARUNDFL, and, in 1408, coheir of her brother Edmund, EARL OF KENT. In 1401 she received an annuity of £100 out of the Wilts manors of the late Earl. Robes of the Garter were issued to her in 1413 and later. She was buried at Bisham. He married, 2ndly, before November 1424, Alice, widow (having been 3rd wife) of Sir John PHILIP (died at Harfleur, 2 October 1415), only child and in 1434 heir of Thomas CHAUCER, Chief Butler to Richard II and Henry IV, Speaker of the House of Commons, by Maud, daughter and coheir of Sir John BURGHERSH. He died s.p.m. (as above), 3 November 1428, "had his mass" at St. Paul's, 29 November, and was buried, in accordance with his will, at Bisham. His widow married, 3rdly (royal licence, 11 November 1430), William (DE LA POLE), EARL (afterwards DUKE) OF SUFFOLK, who was murdered 2 May 1450. She died 20 May 1475, and was buried at Ewelme. [Complete Peerage XI:393-5, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

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    Thomas de Montagu, 4th earl of Salisbury, Montagu also spelled MONTACUTE (b. 1388--d. Nov. 3, 1428, Meung, Fr.), English military commander during the reigns of Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI.

    The son of John, the 3rd earl, who was executed in 1400 as a supporter of Richard II, Thomas was granted part of his father's estates and summoned to Parliament in 1409, though not fully restored until 1421. He was present throughout the campaign of Agincourt in 1415 and at the naval engagement before Harfleur in 1416. In 1420 he was in chief command in Maine, and, when Henry V went home the next year, Salisbury remained in France as the chief lieutenant of Thomas, duke of Clarence. The Duke, through his own rashness, was defeated at Baugé on March 21, 1421. Salisbury came up with the archers too late to retrieve the day but recovered the bodies of the dead and by a skillful retreat averted further disaster.
    Salisbury's success in Maine marked him out as a chief lieutenant in the French war after Henry's death. Subsequent operations completed the conquest of Champagne, leaving him to be employed on the Norman border and in Maine. After a year's visit to England he returned to the chief command in the field in July 1428. He determined to make Orléans his principal objective, and began the siege on October 12. On October 27, while surveying the city from a window in the castle of Tourelles he was wounded by a cannon shot and died a few days later. Salisbury was the most skillful soldier on the English side after the death of Henry V. [Encyclopaedia Britannica CD, 1996, SALISBURY, THOMAS DE MONTAGU, 4TH EARL OF]




    Father: John de MONTAGU , KG, 3rd Earl of Salisbury b: ABT 1350 in Cassington, Oxfordshire, England
    Mother: Maud FRANCIS b: ABT 1360 in London, Middlesex, England

    Marriage 1 Eleanor de HOLAND b: ABT 1388 in Upholland, Wigan, Lancashire, England
    • Married: BEF 23 MAY 1399 in 1st wife 1 5
    Children
    1. Has Children Alice de MONTAGU , Countess of Salisbury b: ABT 1406 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England

    Marriage 2 Alice CHAUCER b: ABT 1404 in Ewelme, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, England
    • Married: BEF NOV 1424 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 3 5

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 94-9
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2532
    3. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 8a-33
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/1:447
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:393-5
    6. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 94-9
      Text: minor in 1401
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:393-5
      Text: minor in 1401
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