The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I11640
  • Name: Thomas PLANTAGENET , KG, Duke of Gloucester 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Thomas of /Woodstock/, Duke of Gloucester
  • Name: 4th\1st Earl of BUCKINGHAM , Thomas of Woodstock 3
  • Name: 13th Earl of ESSEX , Thomas of Woodstock 4
  • Birth: 7 JAN 1354/55 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England 1 2
  • Death: BET 8 AND 9 SEP 1397 in Prince's Inn, Calais, France (imprisoned and murdered by King RIchard II) 5 2
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, Middlesex, England
  • Note:
    Thomas Plantagenet, KG, of Woodstock, born 7 Jan 1354/5, died Calais, 8 or 9 Sep 1397, Duke of Gloucester, son of King Edward III of England and Phillipa of Hainault. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    --------------------------

    EARLDOM OF ESSEX (XIII) 1380 to 1397

    EARLDOM OF BUCKINGHAM (IV) 1377 to 1397

    Thomas, surnamed "of Woodstock," Knight, K.G., sixth and youngest son of Edward III, was summoned to Parliament on 1 Dec. 1376, and created Earl of BUCKINGHAM on 16 July 1377 at the Coronation of King Richard II when he acted as Constable, and Duke of Gloucester on 6 Aug. 1385. He was Earl of Essex jure uxoris, but not of Hereford or Northampton, and was recognised as Constable of England jure uxoris. He was active in the French and Scottish wars, and was the leader of the opposition against the autocratic rule of his nephew King Richard II. After ten years of quarrelling with Richard, he was said to have conspired to imprison the King. THOMAS OF GLOUCESTER, Duke of Gloucester, was arrested at Pleshey, taken to Calais where he was murdered by suffocation, it is said in a house called the Prince's Inn, on 8 or 15 Sep. 1397 according to the confessions of his murderers, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. His widow died testate at Minoresses Convent in Aldgate 3 Oct. 1399, and was buried at Westminster Abbey. [Complete Peerage II:388, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    --------------------------

    Along with 4 other ruthless Barons, John of Gaunt (regent during King Richard II's minority), Richard FitzAlan Earl of Arundel, Thomas de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick, and Thomas Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, became known as the "Apellants". They had real power during much of King Richard II's reign and had many of his friends executed to keep him powerless.

    In 1397 Richard had gathered a party of supporters and finally struck back. Arundel was executed, Warwick was banished, and Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester was imprisoned and murdered. In 1398 Henry Bolingbroke, son of John of Gaunt (dead) was deprived of all of his Lancastrian estates and banished as well. However in 1399 Henry invaded England while Richard was in Ireland and became Henry IV.

    [information taken from Encylcopedia Britannica]

    ---------------------------

    Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, (b. Jan. 7, 1355, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, Eng.--d. probably September 1397), powerful opponent of King Richard II of England (ruled 1377-99).

    The seventh son of King Edward III (ruled 1327-77), he was created Duke of Gloucester in 1385 and soon became the leader of a party opposed to Richard II, his young nephew. In 1386 Gloucester and his associates--later known as the appellants--took virtual control of the king's government. Gloucester defeated one of Richard's favourites, Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, at Radcot Bridge, London, in December 1387 and then had a number of the king's friends executed. In 1389 Richard gained the upper hand and worked out a compromise with his enemies. Gloucester was made lieutenant of Ireland in 1392, but in 1397 Richard arrested him and two other leading appellants. Committed to the charge of Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham (later Duke of Norfolk), at the English port of Calais, France, Gloucester was murdered, possibly on orders from Richard. According to one of Mowbray's servants, who was later executed for his part in the crime, the duke was suffocated with a feather bed. [Encyclopędia Britannica CD '97]




    Father: Edward III Plantagenet King of ENGLAND b: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
    Mother: Philippa d' AVESNES , of Hainault b: 24 JUN 1311 in Mons, Hainault, Belgium

    Marriage 1 Eleanor (Alianore) de BOHUN b: 1366 in Peterborough Castle, Northamptonshire, England
    • Married: BEF 24 AUG 1376 6 2
    Children
    1. Has Children Anne PLANTAGENET , Countess of Buckingham b: APR 1383 in Pleshy Castle, Essex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 4-31
    2. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-8
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:388
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:136
    5. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 4-31
      Text: c 1397
    6. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 4-31
      Text: c1376
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