Name: Walter de CORNWALL , of Branell, Sir 1 2
ALIA: Walter de /Cornubia/, of Branell, MP, Sir
Birth: ABT 1250 in Court Manor in Branell, St Austell, Cornwall, England 1
Death: BEF 20 FEB 1312/13 2
The following is a post to SGM, 14 Apr 200, by Ivor West:
Lysons' Cornwall shows that the manor of Brannel was granted to Richard, Earl of Cornwall who gave it to Richard, his natural son by Joan de Valletort [Oxton]. CFF244 of 1270 also carries a note that Earl Richard was the father of Richard and Joan by Joan de Oxtone. The Lysons also say that Geoffrey de Cornwall, a Carmelite friar and writer who flourished about 1300, was born at Court, the manor house of Brannel. Richard and Walter were probaly born c.1250 so Geoffrey could have been either's son. Vivian also has a Geoffrey de Cornwall of the same period as the father of Elizabeth who married William de Champernon (1314 - 1353). (Perhaps Geoffrey had opted for the mendicant austerities of the White Friars after having first tasted the joys of married life.)
CFF567 of 1343 has John, son of William de Cornwall, and Margery his wife giving the manor of Brannel and the advowson of the church (St. Stephen's) to Ralph de Treiagu and, after his death, to David Hendour and Isabella [de Cornwall?]. The Lysons also say that the elder de Cornwall branch died out in the 14th century, the heiress marrying into Hendower (see also CFF 566) and their heiress into Tanner. The younger branches of de Cornwall became Cornwall of Burford, Shropshire, Hereford and Kings Nymet in Devon. If the elder branch is thought to be Walter - William - John - Isabella, it seems a bit tight with William born 1287 and Isabella married in 1343. Of course, Ralph de Treiagu could have been a brother of John, Isabel being Ralph's daughter. Margaret could still have been enfeoffed by Walter with Nansbighen as a marriage portion but it doesn't sound like Brannel (unless only a small piece of it) if Treiagu and Hendower were given it by CFF567.
Court is about a mile outside the village of St. Stephen-in-Brannel. The farmhouse called Brannel is a further half mile south. Nanjeth,or Lanjeth as it is known today, (the Cornish place-name elements Nan- and Lan- are sometimes interchangeable, Nan- > Lan-, which is confusing, as one means valley and the other means enclosure), lies further out to the east of St. Stephen. As Court is an English word, it is possible that it might have carried an earlier Cornish name, like Nansyrgh or Nansbighen, which has since been lost. Nan- ( Nans-) means valley, -sergh > -serth means steep, and -byghan means small. So, on the face of it, even if they are the same place, a small steep valley doesn't seem to take us much further, although Court does lie at the top of the valley of St. Stephen's Coombe, now shortened to Coombe, and the farmhouse Brannel is on the edge of Coombe. However coincidental that may be, Court seems a little more likely than Lanjeth as the traditional capital farm of the manor but these places are so close together they could be all one and the same. The EPNS for Cornish Place-name Elements suggests that Nan > Lan + byghan = Lanvean or Laddenvean (byghan > bean > pean > vean). There is a village of Nanpean a couple of miles north of St. Stephen but there could be quite a few permutations of the elements.
No mention of the Peverels though.
According to Lysons, the Manor of Court in Brannel was granted by King John to his second son - then an infant - later Earl of Cornwall and King of the Romans, who gave it to Richard de Cornubia, or Cornewall, his natural son by Joan de Valletort, widow of Sir Alexander Okeston.
In the Cahndarium Rot. Pat., p. 6i, we find this entry : Anno i8 Edw. n. m. 23. " Confirmation granted to Walter de Cornubia, brother of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, of £18 rent in the Manor of Branel." Concerning this Walter more presently. Suffice it that in 1297, i.e., in the lifetime of Earl Edmund, he was summoned to perform military service beyond seas.
Father: Richard PLANTAGENET , 1st Earl of Cornwall, HRE b: 5 JAN 1208/09 in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England
Mother: Joan b: ABT 1225
- William de CORNWALL , of Branell b: ABT 1280 in Court Manor in Branell, St Austell, Cornwall, England
- Margaret of CORNWALL , heir of Nansough & Penhale b: ABT 1290 in Penhale, St. Columb, Cornwall, England
- Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Page: Ivor West, 12 Apr 2000
- Title: Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, by Douglas Richardson, 2004, Genealogical Publishing Co