The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I10611
  • Name: Ralph de NEVILLE , KG, 1st Earl Westmorland 1 2 3 4 5
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1364 in Brancepeth, Durham, England 6 7 5
  • Death: 21 OCT 1425 in Raby Castle, Durham, England 6 7 5
  • Burial: Church of Staindrop, Durham, England
  • Note:
    BARONY OF NEVILLE of Raby (IV) 1388

    EARLDOM OF WESTMORLAND (I) 1397

    RALPH (DE NEVILLE), LORD NEVILLE, son and heir of John (DE NEVILLE), 3rd LORD NEVILLE (a Barony created by writ, 1295), by his 1st wife, Maud, daughter of Henry (DE PERCY), LORD PERCY, was b. about 1364; took part in the Earl of Buckingham's expedition to Brittany, where he was knighted at St. Omer, July 1380; a Commissioner, appointed 14 November, with his cousin, Henry Percy ("Hotspur"), to supervise a duel between an Englishman and a Scotsman at Lyliat Cross, 25 November 1381, and to receive from the Scots 24,000 marks due for King David's ransom, 1 December 1383; Joint Keeper of the castle and city of Carlisle, 26 October 1385; joint Warden of the West March towards Scotland, 27 March 1385/6 and 8 May 1389. He succeeded his father, 17 October 1388, and was summoned to Parliament from 6 December 1389 to 30 November 1396, by writs directed Radulpho de Nevyll de Raby. Joint Surveyor of Fortifications in the Marches, 25 October 1388; Keeper of the Forest beyond Trent for life, 24 May 1389. From 1389 till 1424 he was continually employed on the Border in negotiating truces and peace with Scotland. On 3 June 1391 he obtained the custody of the lands of Gilbert de Umfreville, titular Earl of Angus [SCT], including Harbottle Castle, Northumberland, which he retained till January 1409/10. He also held Wark Castle, in that co., from February 1396/7 to September 1398. Constable of the Tower of London, 21 September-30 October 1397. For his support of the King in that year against the Duke of Gloucester and the Lords Appellant (of 1387-88) he was created, 29 September 1397, EARL OF WESTMORLAND, Guardian of the truce in the East March, 28 November 1398. He was, however, with the Earl of Northumberland, one of the first to join the banished Duke of Hereford, his wife's brother, after the landing at Ravenspur, July 1399, and played a prominent part in procuring Richard II's abdication and the elevation of Henry to the throne as Henry IV. On 30 September 1399, the day of Henry's accession, he was made Marshal of England for life, which office he resigned in or before 1412/3. He carried a Sceptre at the Coronation, 13 October, and on the 20th received a grant for life of the Honor of Richmond; P.C. on or before 4 December 1399, being appointed by Parliament, 2 March 1403/4. Commissioner to treat with the King of the Romans for the marriage of the Princess Blanche, 13 February 1400/1; Keeper of Roxburghe Castle, 16 March 1401/2-12 November 1408; K.G. circa 1403. He was with the King in Wales when the Scots were defeated by the Percies at Homildon Hill, 14 September 1402, but he took the field against Northumberland in the North when the King defeated Hotspur and his uncle Worcester at Shrewsbury, July 1403. Warden of Berwick and the East March, 29 July-6 August 1403, and of Carlisle and the West March, 6 August 1403-15 May 1414. On 29 May 1405 he intercepted the rebellious Archbishop Scrope and the young Lord Mowbray (generally known as the Earl Marshal) at Shipton Moor, co. York, where after a friendly conference, he arrested them in (apparently) a somewhat unscrupulous manner. For his services against the Percies he received a large grant for life of their forfeited "Lucylandes" in Cumberland and Northumberland, June 1405. He was appointed, 17 April 1415, one of the Council of Regency under John, Duke of Bedford, with special responsibility for the Scottish Marches, and took no part in the invasion of France and the battle of Agincourt in that year. On the death of Henry V he was one of the King's executors, and was made a member of the Council of Regency under Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, December 1422. Founder of the collegiate church at Staindrop, co. Durham.

    He married, 1stly, Margaret, daughter of Hugh (DE STAFFORD) 2nd EARL OF STAFFORD, by Philippe, daughter of Thomas (DE BEAUCHAMP), EARL OF WARWICK. She died 9 June 1396 and was buried at Brancepeth, co. Durham. He married, 2ndly, before 29 November 1396, Joan (formerly Joan DE BEAUFORT), widow of Sir Robert FERRERS, the legitimated (in 1397) daughter of John, "of Gaunt", DUKE OF LANCASTER, by his 3rd wife, Katharine, widow of Sir Hugh SWYNFORD, daughter of Sir Payn ROET, Guienne King of Arms. He died 21 October 1425 at Raby Castle (h), aged about 61, and was buried under a splendid altar tomb at Staindrop. M.I. to him and his two wives. His widow died 13 November 1440 co. York, and was buried (with her mother) in Lincoln Cathedral. [Complete Peerage XII/2:544-7, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    (h) Owing to his numerous family and the large estates diverted by him to his issue by his 2nd wife, the later Earls of Westmorland had a landed position inferior to that of their ancestors, the Lords Neville. Westmorland's 23 children, 9 by the 1st and 14 by the 2nd wife, are listed in 'Genealogist', where, however, Anastasia (who probably d. in infancy), the 9th child, being the youngest by the 1st wife, is omitted. Of his 11 sons, 4 were Peers; of his daughters, 7 were Peeresses (by modern standards), 3 being Duchesses, of whom the youngest, Cicely, Duchess of York, was mother of 2 Kings, Edward IV and Richard III. From 1404 to 1407 he and his 2 brothers, Thomas Lord Furnival and John Lord Latimer, sat together in the House of Lords. From 1450 to 1455, 5 of his sons: Richard Earl of Salisbury, Robert Bishop of Durham, William Lord Fauconberg, George Lord Latimer, and Edward Lord Bergavenny, 5 of his sons-in-law: Richard Duke of York, Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, Henry Earl of Northumberland, John Viscount Beaumont, and Thomas Lord Dacre, and several of his grandsons, including John Duke of Norfolk, Richard Earl of Warwick, and Ralph Earl of Westmorland, all sat together in the House of Lords.

    ------------------------------------

    The "Kingmaker's" grandfather, the 1st Earl of Westmorland settled about half the original Neville estates on the children of his second marriage, whereas the subsequent Earls of Westmorland were the product of his first. It thus came about that the 2nd-6th Earls of Westmorland were actually less well-endowed territorially than their ancestors who had been mere barons. The pre-eminence of that branch of the family represented by the Earls of Salisbury/Warwick, who stemmed from the second marriage, was made correspondingly easier.

    The 1st Earl of Westmorland had multiplicity of children: nine by the first wife, fourteen by his second. Of his 23 in all, four were peers, three were duchesses and another four daughters the wives of lesser peers; moreover of those three duchesses one was mother of two kings. Between 1450 and 1455 no fewer than 13 members of the family had seats in the House of Lords. This very fecundity like that of Edward III, engendered quarrels. There was rivalry between the two branches of the family, which grew from a dispute about family estates into a difference as to dynastic loyalties. It thus served as an overture to the Wars of the Roses, one which was made even more ominous by a dispute between the Nevilles, represented by the 1st Marquess of Montagu and the Percys. [Burke's Peerage]

    ------------------------------------

    Sir Ralph de Neville, KG, b. c 1346, d. Raby 21 Oct 1425, created 1st Earl of Westmorland 1397; m. (1) Margaret Stafford, d. 9 June 1396; m. (2) before 29 Nov 1396 Joan Beaufort, d. Howden 13 Nov 1440, widow of Robert Ferrers, daughter of John, Duke of Lancaster and Katharine (Roet) Swynford. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    ------------------------------------

    Sixth Baron Neville of Raby, became a Knight of the Garter and 1st Earl Westmoreland September 29, 1397. As a Lancasterian, he opposed Richard II in 1399 and conveyed Richard's resignation to the convention. He assisted in the coronation of Henry IV and was a member of the council of regency appointed to rule in the infancy of King Henry V. With his second marriage to Joan Beaufort, a widowed daughter of John Of Gaunt, fourth son of Edward III, this favorably affected Joan and Ralph's wealth and social prestige, making possible brilliant marriages for their children. In 1450, five of Ralph's sons, five sons-in-law and several grandsons were in Parliament.

    Held many offices, among them Constable of the Tower of London and in 1399, Marshall of England the year he was created Earl of Richmond. He was a member of Richards II's privy council, saw service at Agincourt on October 25, 1415 where Henry won a victory over the superior numbers of French owing to his superior generalship.

    He married his first wife Margaret, daughter of Hugh, Earl of Stafford by special dispensation from Pope Urban V, because of their close relationship.

    The marriage to Joan, his second wife, was a much more distinguished one as the line now descends through the royal house of England. summoned to Parliament from December 6, 1389 to November 30, 1396.

    Some say he is the son of Elizabeth Latimer

    Was created Earl of Westmorland by Richard II on 9-29-1397

    ------------------------------------

    Ralph de Nevill, 4th baron, summoned to parliament from 6 December, 1389, to 30 November, 1396. This nobleman took a leading part in the political drama of his day and sustained it with more than ordinary ability. In the lifetime of his father (9th Richard II), he was joined with Thomas Clifford, son of Lord Clifford, and was appointed a commissionership for the guardianship of the West Marches. In three years after this he succeeded to the title, and in two years subsequently he was one of the commissioners appointed to treat with the Kings of France and Scotland, touching a truce made by them with the King of England. In the 21st Richard II [1378], he was made constable of the Tower of London and shortly afterwards advanced in full parliament to the dignity of Earl of Westmoreland. His lordship was of the privy council to King Richard and had much favour from that monarch, yet he was one of the most active in raising Henry, of Lancaster, to the throne as Henry IV, and was rewarded by the new king in the first year of his reign with a grant of the county and honour of Richmond for his life, and with the great office of Earl Marshal of England. Soon after this, he stoutly resisted the Earl of Northumberland in his rebellion and forced the Percies, who had advanced as far as Durham, to fall back upon Prudhoe, when the battle of Shrewsbury ensued, in which the gallant Hotspur sustained so signal a defeat, and closed his impetuous career. The earl was afterwards governor of the town and castle of Carlisle, warden of the West Marches towards Scotland, and governor of Roxborough. He was also a knight of the Garter. His lordship m. 1st, Lady Margaret Stafford, dau. of Hugh, Earl Stafford, K.G., for which marriage a dispensation was obtained from Pope Urban V, the earl and his bride being within the third and fourth degrees of consanguinity; by this lady he had issue, John, Lord Nevill; Ralph; Maud; Phillippa; Alice; Margaret; Anne; Margery; and Elizabeth. The earl m. 2ndly, Joan de Beaufort, dau. of John of Gaunt, by Katherine Swynford, and widow of Robert, Lord Ferrers, of Wem, by whom he had issue, Richard; William; George; Edward; Cuthbert; Henry; Thomas; Catherine; Eleanor; Anne; Jane; and Cicely. This great earl d. in 1425 and was s. by his grandson, Ralph Nevill, 5th Baron Nevill, of Raby. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883, pp. 393-4, Nevill, Barons Nevill, of Raby, Earls of Westmoreland]




    Father: John 3rd Baron de NEVILLE , of Raby, KG, Sir b: ABT 1331 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    Mother: Maud de PERCY b: ABT 1335 in Warkworth Castle, Alnwick, Northumberland, England

    Marriage 1 Margaret STAFFORD b: ABT 1364 in Stafford, Staffordshire, England
    • Married: ABT 1382 in 1st wife 8
    Children
    1. Has No Children Maud (Mathilda) de NEVILLE b: ABT 1384 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    2. Has Children John de NEVILLE , Master of Raby b: ABT 1387 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    3. Has Children Philippa (Philippe) de NEVILLE b: ABT 1388 in Castle Raby, Durham, England
    4. Has No Children Alice de NEVILLE b: ABT 1389 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    5. Has No Children Elizabeth de NEVILLE , Nun in the Minories b: ABT 1390 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    6. Has Children Ralph de NEVILLE , of Oversley, Sir b: ABT 1392 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    7. Has No Children Anne de NEVILLE b: ABT 1393 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    8. Has Children Margaret de NEVILLE b: ABT 1394 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    9. Has No Children Anastasia de NEVILLE b: ABT 1395 in Raby Castle, Durham, England

    Marriage 2 Joan BEAUFORT b: 1375 in Beaufort Castle, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou/Pays-de-la-Loire, France
    • Married: BEF 3 FEB 1396/97 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 9 10 11
    Children
    1. Has No Children Joan NEVILLE , Nun in the Minories b: ABT 1396 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    2. Has Children Katherine NEVILLE b: ABT 1397 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    3. Has Children Eleanor NEVILLE b: ABT 1399 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    4. Has Children Richard NEVILLE , KG, Earl of Salisbury b: 1400 in Castle Raby, Durham, England
    5. Has No Children Henry NEVILLE , Infant of Raby b: ABT 1401 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    6. Has No Children Thomas NEVILLE , Infant of Raby b: ABT 1402 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    7. Has No Children Cuthbert NEVILLE , Infant of Raby b: ABT 1403 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    8. Has No Children Robert NEVILLE , Bishop of Salisbury & Durham b: 1404 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    9. Has No Children William NEVILLE , 1st Earl of Kent b: ABT 1406 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    10. Has No Children John NEVILLE , Infant of Raby b: ABT 1407 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    11. Has Children Anne NEVILLE b: ABT 1408 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    12. Has Children George NEVILLE , 1st Baron Latimer, Sir b: BEF 1409 in Raby Castle, Durham, England
    13. Has Children Edward 3rd Baron NEVILLE , KG, of Bergavenny, Sir b: ABT 1413 in Raby Castle, Raby with Keverstone, Staindrop, Durham, England
    14. Has Children Cecily de NEVILLE b: 3 MAY 1415 in Raby Castle, Durham, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 10-33, 207-34
    2. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 45-7, 47-7, 8-9, 8a-9
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 12-13, 14
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/1:450
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:544-7
    6. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 207-34
    7. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 45-7, 8-9
    8. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 45-7, 8-9
      Text: no date, 1st wife
    9. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 2-32
    10. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 45-7
    11. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 3
      Text: 1396
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