The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I08969
  • Name: Gerald FITZGERALD , 8th Earl of Kildare, KG, Sir 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: AFT JAN 1455/56 in Castletown, Kildrought, Kildare, Ireland 1 2
  • Death: 3 SEP 1513 in Killed at O'Caroll's/Leap Castle, Offaly, Ireland 3 2
  • Burial: 16 OCT 1513 Christ Church, Dublin, Ireland
  • Note:
    Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare, KG (1505), called "Geroit More" ("Gerald the Great"); born seemingly after Jan 1455/6; Deputy King's Lt. of Ireland; supported imposture of Lambert Simnel 1487, but after its failure submitted to Henry VII; under suspicion also of conspiring with Perkin Warbeck 1493, hence attainted 1494, forfeiting his estates and titles and being imprisoned in the Tower of London, attainder reversed 1495; Lord Deputy of Ireland 1496 (as which in 1504 he defeated a rising by Clanricarde and a confederacy of Irish chiefs at the Battle of Knock Tuagh or Knockdoe ("Hill of Slaughter"), Co Galway), Treasurer of Ireland 1505, Lord Justice of Ireland 1509, Lord Deputy of Ireland 1510 (as which, during an expedition against Lemyvannon, or O'Carrol's Castle, now called Leap Castle, in Co Offaly, he was shot by one of the O'Mores of Leix (modern Co Laois), at Kilkea and died a few days later 3 Sep 1513); married 1st c1478 Alison (died 22 Nov 1495), daughter of the 1st Baron Portlester. [Burke's Peerage]

    -----------------------

    EARLDOM OF KILDARE [IRL] (VIII)

    GERALD FITZMAURICF (FITZGERALD), EARL OF KILDARE [IRL], son and heir, called Geroit More, or Gerald the Great. He was born apparently after January 1455/6. He succeeded his father as Deputy of the Duke of Clarence, who, however, was executed 18 February 1477/8. Henry, Lord Grey (of Codnor), was then appointed Deputy, but disputes arose, as Grey's appointment was considered as invalid in Ireland, and Kildare continued to act. Both Deputies summoned parliaments and issued orders, so that great confusion was caused. The matter was referred to the King, who on 12 August 1480 confirmed the Earl as Deputy for his infant son Richard, who was made Lieutenant. The Earl was continued in the office by Richard III and Henry VII. In 1487 he countenanced the claim to the crown made by Lambert Simnel, and was present at his coronation in Dublin, but on its failure asked for pardon and was restored. Sir Richard Edgecombe, as special commissioner, received the homage of the Earl of Kildare on 21 July 1488, and gave him a collar sent by the King. He and others of the Irish nobility were summoned to attend Henry VII at Greenwich in 1489, where they saw Simnel acting as one of the King's scullions. In November 1493, being suspected of correspondence with Perkin Warbeck, he went to the. King "with great splendour," but was sent back, being replaced as Deputy by Sir Edward Poynings. His opponents appear to have been encouraged by this rebuff, and in December 1494 he was tried, convicted and attainted of high treason in the Parliament [IRL] held at Drogheda, whereby he forfeited his lands and honours. The Earl's war-cry, "Crom-a-boo," and similar ones were prohibited at this time. Afterwards he was sent to London and imprisoned in the Tower. By Act, of the English Parliament in October 1495 bis attainder was reversed and he was, fully restored, the Irish Act being annulled. On 6 August 1496 he was reappointed Lord Deputy, and justified the King's trust in him next year by remaining faithful to the Crown during Warbeck's incursion. He took part in the Irish wars of the time, usually with success, his greatest victory being that of Knockdoe (i.e.. Hill of Slaughter), near Galway, in 1504. In April 1503 he went to England and was received with honour by the King. He was nom. K.G., being installed by proxy 4 May 1505. In November 1505 he was Treasurer of Ireland. On the accession of Henry VIII he was appointed Lord Justice in 1509, and Lord Deputy on 8 November 1510.

    He married, 1stly, about 1470, Alison, apparently daughter and coheir of Rowland (FITZEUSTACE), 1st BARON OF PORTLESTER [IRL], by Joan, widow of Christopher (PLUNKET), 1st LORD KILLEEN. She, who inherited the manor of Portlester, co. Meath, died in England, 22 November 1495, and was buried in the Grey Abbey of Kilcullen. He married, 2ndly, in 1496, in England, Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver ST. JOHN, of Lydiard Tregoz, Wilts, by Elizabeth, daughter of Henry (SCROPE), 4th LORD SCROPE (of Bolton). He, having been mortally wounded at Lemyvanna (Leap Castle), King's County, died shortly afterwards at Kildare, 3 September or 3 Non. September, and was buried 16 October 1513, at Christ Church, Dublin. His widow married, as 1st wife, Sir John WALLOP, K.G., who died s,p., 7 July 1551. She died 28 June 1516. [Complete Peerage VII:229-32, XIV:411, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Thomas FITZGERALD , 7th Earl of Kildare b: ABT 1421 in Castletown, Kildrought, Kildare, Ireland
    Mother: Joan "Cam" FITZGERALD b: ABT 1435 in Desmond, Kerry, Ireland

    Marriage 1 Alison FITZEUSTACE , Heiress of Portlester b: ABT 1464 in Portlester, Meath, Ireland
    • Married: ABT 1478 3
    • Married: ABT 1470 4
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret FITZGERALD b: ABT 1480 in Castletown, Kildrought, Kildare, Ireland

    Marriage 2 Elizabeth daughter of Oliver ST. JOHN b: ABT 1460 in Lydiard Tregoz, Cricklade, Wiltshire, England
    • Married: 1496 in 1st husband 2nd wife 3 4

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1679
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:229-32
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1680
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VII:232
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