The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I08048
  • Name: Gilbert Lord of GALLOWAY 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1122 in Wigtown, Galloway, Scotland
  • Death: 1 JAN 1184/85 1
  • Note:
    Gilbert [son of Fergus & Elizabeth, illegal daughter of Henry II], seen 1174, d. 1 Jan 1185; by unknown wife had Duncan. [Ancestral Roots]

    ----------------------

    The following information was contained in a post-em from Curt Hofemann, curt_hofemann AT yahoo.com:

    Dribs & drabs from all over:

    aka: FitzFergus of Carrick

    was a party to the murder of his brother, Uchtred, on account of which his homage and tribute were refused by Henry II [Ref: Watney #430]

    Uchtred, youngest son, divided with Gilbert the extensive inheritance of Fergus. They led their forces to the army of King William the Lion, when he invaded Northumberland in 1174." The natives of Galloway rebelled. Gilbert and Uchtred gave homage to Henry II of England. Gilbert's son Malcolm murdered Uchtred 22 September 1174, and was resisted by Roland. [Ref: John Philip Wood, "Peerage of Scotland", Edinburgh, 1813, vol. 1, pp. 612-13]

    Fergus was succeeded in the lordship of Galloway by his son Uchtred. . . . His brother Gilbert, having first torn out his eyes and brutally mutilated him, put him to death. Blinding and castration was used in Celtic times to make a man ineligible for the kingship; Gilbert apparently thought himself a monarch and wanted his brother out of the way. [Ref: Sir Herbert Maxwell, "A History of Dumfries and Galloway", Edinburgh, 1896, p. 54]

    Roger de Hoveden was a chronicler and clerk of Henry II. "Dictionary of National Biography", vol. 9, p. 1322-3 notes "Henry then sent him [Roger] to England so that he and Robert de Vaux might go together as envoys to Uchtred and Gilbert, the two sons of Fergus, lately prince of Galloway (d. 1160), to pursuade them to submit to the English rather than to the Scottish king. When the envoys met the chiefs of Galloway about 23 Nov. they found that Uchtred had been killed by Gilbert's son Malcolm. Gilbert offered terms, which the envoys referred to the king, and Henry, on hearing of the murder of Uchtred refused them." Hoveden drew upon the earlier work of other chroniclers and from 1162 to 1192 he relied upon the 'Gesta Henrici' which Dictionary of National Biography notes he sometimes abridged, other times expanded upon and inserted a large number of additions. From 1192 to 1201 his work was original and then he stopped, presumably having died soon after.

    Hoveden, ii, 105, Rolls Series 51:
    "Eodem anno Gilbertus filius Fergus, princeps Galwanorum, qui Ucthredum fratrem suum, consanguineum Henrici regis Angliae, interficere fecerat, venit in Angliam in conductu Willelmi regis Scottorum, et devenit homo Henrici patris, et fidelitatem et juravit contra omnes homines." ("In the same year Gilbert son of Fergus, prince of Galloway [the Gallowegians], who had caused his brother Uchtred to be killed, (Uchtred being) a blood relative of Henry king of England, came into England in the company of William king of Scots, and he became the man of the father of Henry, and he also swore fidelity against all men.")

    Rolls Series 49 consists of the Chronicle of the Reigns of Henry II and Richard I, by Benedict, Abbot of Peterborough. Vol. 1 p. 80: "Huctredus, filius Fergus, consanguineus suus interficeretur, noluit cum Galvalensibus illis pacem aliquam facere." ("Uchtred, son of Fergus, his [King Henry] blood relative was killed (by him), he [King Henry] did not want to make any kind of peace with the Galwegians.")

    p. 126: "Et ipse Gilbertus, facta pace cum domino rege de morte fratris sui, qui cognatus regis erat; devenit homo ipsius, et fidelitatem et juravit contra omnes homines; et pro amore ipsius habendo dedit ei mille marcas argenti." ("And this Gilbert, made peace with the lord king concerning the death of his brother, who was a relative of the king; and became his man, and he also swore fidelity against all men; and to have his love gave him a thousand marks of silver.")

    The next year, 1174, William (the Lion, King of Scotland) was taken prisoner at Alnwick by Henry II and all the men of Galloway who had followed his banner in the expedition returned home in a mood of hostility towards the English and Normans who had set themselves down in their province. The early historian Palgrave writes "Uchtred, the son of Fergus, and Gilbert, his brother, when they heard that their lord the King of Scots was taken, at once returned with the Galwegians into their own parts and immediately expelled from Galloway all the baillies and guards whom the King of Scotland had set over them, all the Englishmen and French whom they could lay hold of they slew; and all the strongholds and 'castella' which the King of Scotland had fortified in their land they besieged, captured and destroyed, slaughtering all they found within". Fordun in his annals records the merciless slaughter of English and French, stopping at no cruelty and appeasable by no ransom...

    Gilbert and Uchred, the lords of Galloway, then fell out with each other and Gilbert had his brother mutilated and killed. In 1175 as a condition of liberation William did homage to Henry II at York - homage to the English Crown for the whole realm of Scotland. Of course one of the first things he did after his release was to wage war on Gilbert. He led an army into Galloway with the permission of Henry. The ferocious Gilbert submitted and was taken prisoner to Henry's court at Feckenham in Worcestershire. There for a promise of 1,000, he made his peace and did homage to the English King. He returned to Galloway free but less independent and nurturing a deadly hatred of William, the King of Scotland. Many attacks are recorded by the chronicler Benedict on the more civilised region which lay to the east of Galloway and Galwegians gave William little peace for the next ten years. William of Newburgh writes "the fortified towns and burghs of Scotland are well known to be inhabited by Englishmen". These Anglo-Normans were the garrison colonists of lands they had taken from the kingdom of Galloway and it is little wonder that the dispossessed warlike Celts tried to get revenge whenever they could. It suited Henry that the King of Scotland should have subjects who were a little too powerful for him as it kept William preoccupied.
    [Ref: http://www.dumfriesmuseum.demon.co.uk/dumfstory02.html]

    Regards,
    Curt




    Father: Fergus Lord of GALLOWAY b: 1096 in Carrick, Ayrshire, Scotland
    Mother: Elizabeth of ENGLAND b: 1095 in Talby, Yorkshire, England

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Duncan Earl de CARRICK b: BEF 1164 in Carrick, Argyllshire, Scotland
      2. Has Children Malcolm MAKGILL b: ABT 1170 in Wigtown, Galloway, Scotland

      Sources:
      1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
        Page: 121c-27
      2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 2181
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