Name: Robert de BRAOSE , of Stinton, Sir 1
ALIA: Robert /Brewes/, of Stinton, Sir
Birth: ABT 1370 in Stinton, Norfolk, England
Death: 1424 in Fressingfield, Hoxne, Suffolk, England 1
Burial: Woodbridge Priory, Suffolk, England
SIR ROBERT BREWES, of Stinton, Akenham, &C., son and heir. He married Ela, daughter of Sir Miles STAPLETON, of Bedale, co. York, and Ingham, Norfolk by Ela, daughter of Sir Edmund D'UFFORD le cosyn. He died in 1424. Admon 30 September 1424 to his widow. Her will was dated 16 October 1456. They were buried in Woodbridge Priory. [Complete Peerage II:306, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
The ancient family of Le Rus or Rufus, was enfeoft of this soon after the reign of the Conqueror: King Stephen, when Earl of Morton, granted to Ernald Rufus, son of Roger, the whole manor of Stradbroke in Suffolk, part of the honour of Eye, with the soke and advowson of the church, &c. and King John confirmed the said grant to Ernald Rufus (to hold as his grandfather held it) on May 17, in his first year.
King Henry III. in his 11th year granted to Hugh Rufus, son and heir of Ernald, a weekly mercate here, on Friday, with one at Wodebridge, on Wednesday, and the said Ernald, son of Ernard the second, in the 3d of King John, gave by deed for his soul's health and that of his wife Isabel, and his ancestors, and all the faithful deceased, in pure alms, to God, St. Mary, and the church of Wodebryge, and the canons thereof, all the tithe of Northaghe and Hunteswyk, in the village of Stadbrook, saving a pension of 4s. per ann. to be paid to the prior and convent of Eye; dated at Wytingham, in 1201; and this Ernald is called in the register of the priory of Eye, patron of Wodebrigge.
Hugh Rufus, his son, in the 10th of Henry III. was one of the collectors of the fifteenth in Norfolk, and in the following year had the grant of a mercate in the manor of Stradbroke and in Wodebridge, as above observed. In the 31st of that King, Maud, widow of Roger de Clere, demanded of John Le Rus, the 3d part of certain lands in Stinton, Salle, and Heydon; and in the 37th of that King, William Le Rus was found to die seized of the advowsons of Sall and Heydon, with the lordships of Stradbroke and Hasketon in Suffolk, and Alice was his daughter and heir, aged 6 years.
This Alice married Richard de Breose or Brews, (second son of Sir William, and Maud his wife,) and was a retainer of the Earl-Marshal, custos of the peace of Norfolk and Suffolk, in the 50th of Henry III. lord of Stinton-hall, and many other manors in right of his wife; and in the 52d year, Richard and Alice grant to the prior of Wodebrigge 10 marks rent per ann. to find a canon to celebrate for ever in the priory church for their souls, and in the 55th they conveyed by fine to the Bishop of Ely and his successours the patronage of the church of Whitinton.
In the 56th of the said King, William de Breous granted by fine to Richard and Alice, the manor of Akenham and advowson, with those of Cleydon and Hemengeston, they granting to William and Mary his wife the manor of Bromley in Surry, &c.
In the 5th of Edward I. Sir Richard de Breuse and Alice his wife gave lands in Thurleston, in Suffolk, to the canons of St. Peter and St.Paul of Ipswich, and in the 15th he claimed view of frankpledge, assise of bread and beer in Salle; and died as appears from the eschaetrolls, in 25th of the said King; Alice his wife survived him, and died in the 29th, and Gyles was her son and heir, aged 28: this manor was then valued at 18l. 10s. per ann. and was held of William de Say, by the service of one fee. This Gyles was lord of Akenham, Whitinton, Clopton, and Hasketon, held of Edmund, the King's brother, of the honour of Lancaster: he married Catherine, daughter of Sir Laurence de Huntingfeld of Suffolk, by whom he had no issue: his 2d wife was Joan, daughter of - - - - - - - - - -, by whom he had 3 sons.
Sir Gyles died in 1310; Joan was then living, and Richard their eldest son was aged 9 years, and it was found that the view of frankpledge was held of William Marshall, lord of the hundred, by the payment of 18d. and that the mercate in Heydon was held of the manor of Causton. Sir Gyles is said to bear these arms, argent, alion rampant, gules, crowned or, and crusily of crosses pattee, fitchée of the second, but in the roll of knights in King Edward the First's reign, Sir Richard bore ermine, a lion rampant, gules.
Sir Richard Brews, eldest son of Sir Gyles, married Eleanor, daughter of Sir John Shelton, by whom he had 2 daughters; Mary, who married Sir John Weyland, and Catherine, married Sir John Howard: Sir Richard died in 1323, and was buried in the priory of Woodbridge,and succeeded by Robert his second brother, who being under age, his custody was granted by the King to Robert Fitz-Pain; he assigned it to Edmund Bacon, then in the king's service in Gascoin; this Robert dying sans issue, in 1325, John de Brews, his brother and heir, inherited this lordship, &c.
Sir John de Brews was lord in the 20th of Edward III.; he married Agnes, daughter of Sir Robert Ufford, and sister of Robert Ufford Earl of Suffolk, by whom the genealogists say he had Sir John de Breause, his son and heir; but it appears that a fine was levied in 1355, Ao. 29 Edward III. between Sir William de Thorp and Sir John de Breuse and Eva his wife, of the manor of Lutheburgh in Lincolnshire, conveyed to William; and in 1370, mention is made in the will of William de Luthborow, rector of Salle, of Sir John de Brews and Eva his wife, and Sir John de Brews, junior, and Gyles his brother; he was lord of Topcroft, and resided there.
Sir John de Brews, his son, in the 4th of Richard II. was one of the gentlemen seized by the Norfolk rebels and sent by them with Sir William Morley and three of their own party to the King, to obtain a charter of manumission and pardon, with a great sum of money, the better to obtain it, which had been received of the citizens of Norwich, to preserve their city from fire, and plunder; but were released by Henry Spencer Bishop of Norwich, who routed them, and cut off the heads of three of the rebels. He was lord of this manor, and of Heydon, Witlingham, Witnesham, and Hasketon, patron of Woodbridge priory, &c. and married Joan, daughter of Sir John Shardelow, and was father of Sir Robert Brewse, who was lord in 1406, who by Ela his wife, daughter of Sir Miles Stapleton, of Ingham, had Sir Thomas, his son and heir: he died in 1424, and Ela his wife, in 1456, and were buried in Woodbridge priory; some make Elizabeth, daughter of the Lord Willoughby of Eresby, to be his wife.
Ela, relict of Sir Robert, by her will dated at Wodebrig in Suffolk, October 16, 1456, requires to be buried in the chancel of the conventual church there, near to her husband; bequeaths to Thomas her son, her husband's signet; to Elizabeth his wife a gold ring, to William, son of Thomas, a broche of gold, and was a benefactor to Ingham priory and the chapel of St. Gyles of Walsingham: to the wife of William, a girdle of gold, to William Yelverton, the King's justice, a silver chalice cup with a cover, and to Ela his wife, an agnus Dei of gold, with relicks, and a fillet of gold. Sir Robert, her husband, is called of Freesing feld, and died there, as I find, intestate, and administration was granted to Ela, September 30, 1424.
From: 'Eynford Hundred: Stinton', An Essay towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: volume 8, pp. 266-269. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=78463&strquery=witnesham richard Date accessed: 27 April 2012.
Father: John de BRAOSE , of Stinton, Sir b: ABT 1332 in Stinton, Norfolk, England
Mother: Joan (Agnes) de SHARDELOW b: ABT 1336 in Barton Mills, Mildenham, Suffolk, England
Ela STAPLETON b: ABT 1377 in Ingham, Smallburgh, Norfolk, England
- Ela BREWES b: ABT 1406 in Stinton, Norfolk, England
- Margaret de BRAOSE b: ABT 1407 in Sall, Aylsham, Norfolk, England
- Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000