The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I06550
  • Name: Renaud de CHATILLON , Prince of Antioch 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1120 in Chatillon-sur-Marne, Marne, Champagne, France
  • Death: 1187 in Executed by Saladin during 2nd crusade 3
  • Note:
    Renaud figured prominently as one of the "bad guys" in the recent film 'Kingdom of Heaven', where it shows him being beheaded by Saladin.

    Thanks to John Knowlton for supplying this information in a post-em:

    Crusader, Lord of Krak and Montreal in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. He came to the Holy Land in the Second Crusade and married (1153) Constance, daughter of Bohemond II of Antioch. He was energetic, impulsive, and intolerant, and his quarrels with the Latin princes weakened the position of the Crusaders. In 1159, after plotting with the Armenian prince, Thoros, against Emperor Manuel II of Byzantium, he was forced to submit to the emperor. Captured (1160) by the Saracens, he remained a prisoner over 15 years. After his release he took as his second wife the heiress of Krak and Montreal, and in 1177 he became procurator of Jerusalem for a brief period. In 1182-83 he raided the Red Sea coast. With Guy of Lusignan, whom he influenced and also helped to install as king of Jerusalem in 1186, Reginald advocated a belligerent and disastrous policy against Saladin and opposed the conciliatory attitude of Raymond of Tripoli. His attack (1187) on one of Saladinís caravans violated
    his truce with the sultan and helped to bring on Saladinís attack on the Christians. Reginald (Renaud) was captured at the battle of Hattin and was executed by the sultanís own hand.[The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2002 Columbia University Press] (Renaud gave a surly reply to Saladin's accusations. Saladin then personally beheaded him with one strike of his sword.)

    -------------------------

    Here is another take from a posting to SGM by Frank Young:

    Frank Young Apr 21 2003, 9:22 am

    Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval
    From: Frank Young
    Date: Mon, 21 Apr 2003 09:22:38 -0400
    Local: Mon,Apr 21 2003 9:22 am
    Subject: Re: AZZO VII Novello D'ESTE

    From the 11th ed. of the 'EB':

    RAYNALD OF CHATILLON (d. 1187), a knight in the service of Constance, princess of Antioch, whom she chose for her husband in 1153, four years after the death of her first husband, Raymund (q.v.).

    One of Raynald's first acts was a brutal assault on the patriarch of Antioch; while two years later he made an unjustifiable attack on Cyprus, in the course of which the island was ravaged. The act brought its punishment in 1159, when he had to humiliate himself before the emperor Manuel, doing homage and promising to accept a Greek patriarch; and when Manuel came to Antioch in the same year, and was visited there by Baldwin III., Raynald led his horse into the city. Later in the year he was captured by the Mahommedans, during a plundering raid against the Syrian and Armenian peasants of the neighbourhood of Marash, and confined at Aleppo. His captivity lasted seventeen years. Released in 1176, he married Stephanie, the widow of Humphrey of Toron, and heiress of Krak and Mont Royal, to the S.E. of the Dead Seafortresses which controlled the trade-routes between Egypt and Damascus, and gave him access to the Red Sea. In November 1177, at the head of the army of the kingdom, he won a victory over Saladin, who only escaped with difficulty from the pursuit. But in 1181 the temptation of the caravans which passed by his fortress proved too strong, and in spite of a truce between Saladin and Baldwin IV. he began to plunder. Saladin demanded reparations from Baldwin IV. Baldwin could only reply that he was unable to coerce his unruly vassal. The result was a new outbreak of war between Saladin and the Latin kingdom (1182). In the course of the hostilities Raynald launched ships on the Red Sea, partly for buccaneering, partly, it seems, with the design of attacking Mecca, and of challenging Mahommedanism in its own holy place. His ships were captured by one of Saladin's officers; and at the end of the year Saladin himself attacked Raynald in his fortress of Krak, at a time when a number of guests were assembled to celebrate the marriage of his stepson, Humphrey of Toron. The siege was raised, however, by Count Raymund of Tripoli; and till 1186 Raynald was quiet. In that year he espoused the cause of Sibylla and Guy de Lusignan against Count Raymund, and his influence contributed to the recognition of Guy as king of Jerusalem. His policy at this crisis was not conceived in the best interests of the kingdom; and a step which he took at the end of the year was positively fatal. Hearing of a rich caravan, in which the sister of Saladin was travelling, he swooped down from his fortress upon it.

    Thus, for the second time, he broke a truce between the kingdom and Saladin. Guy could not extort from him the satisfaction which Saladin demanded Raynald replied that he was lord in his lands, and that he had no peace with Saladin to respect. Saladin swore that Raynald should perish if ever he took him prisoner; and next year he was able to fulfill his oath. He invaded the kingdom, and, at the battle of Hittin, Raynald along with King Guy and many others fell into his hands. They were brought to his tent; and Saladin, after rebuking Raynald strongly for his treachery, offered him his life if he would become a Mahommedan. He refused, and Saladin either slew him with his own hands or caused him to be slain (for accounts differ) in the presence of his companions.

    The death of Raynald caused him to be regarded as a martyr; his life only shows him to have been a brigand of great capacity. He is the apotheosis of the feudal liberty which the barons of the Holy Land vindicated for themselves; and he shows, in his reckless brigandage, the worst side of their character. Stevenson, Crusades in the East (Cambridge, 1907), takes a most favourable view of Raynald's career: cf. especially pp. 240-241. But his whole life seems to indicate a self-willed and selfish temper. (E. BR.)




    Father: Henry I Seigneur de CHATILLON b: ABT 1063 in Chatillon-sur-Marne, Marne, Champagne, France
    Mother: Ermegarde de MONTJOY b: ABT 1079 in Montjay, Saone-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France

    Marriage 1 Constance de HAUTEVILLE , Princess of Antioch b: ABT 1127 in Antioch, Turkey
    • Married: BET 1152 AND 1153 in 2nd husband 1st wife 4 5
    Children
    1. Has Children Agnes de CHATILLON b: 1154 in Versailles, Seine-et-Oise, Ile-de-France, France
    2. Has No Children Alisia of ANTIOCH b: ABT 1163 in Antioch, Turkey

    Marriage 2 Stephanie Heiress of Mont Royal & KRAK b: ABT 1130 in Krak des Chevaliers Castle, Syria
    • Married: 1176 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 2

    Sources:
    1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 103-26
      Text: Renaud de Chatillon, son of Henry I de Chatillon
    2. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Frank Young 21 Apr 2003
    3. Title: Leo's Genealogics Website (Leo van de Pas), www.genealogics.org
      Page: Renaud de Chatillon, Prince of Antiochia
    4. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 103-26
    5. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: Frank Young 21 Apr 2003
      Text: 1153
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