The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I06106
  • Name: Robert 1st Baron de CLIFFORD , Sir 1 2 3 4 5
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1 APR 1274 in Clifford Castle, Hay, Herefordshire, England 6 5
  • Death: 24 JUN 1314 in killed at Battle of Bannockburn, Stirlingshire, Scotland 5
  • Death: 25 JUN 1314 7
  • Burial: Shap Abbey, Westmorland, England
  • Note:
    Robert de Clifford, 1st Lord (Baron) Clifford, so created by writ of summons to Parliament 29 Dec 1299 according to later doctrine (which held that the title was heritable by heirs general, ie. including females and their issue, while descendants of the original grantee by females married into other families can also inherit); in 1291 inherited Brougham Castle and the Hereditary Shrievalty of Westmorland on the death of his mother; Justice in Eyre North of Trent 1297-1307/8, Governor Nottingham Castle July 1298, Capt. General of Marches of Scotland 1299, Marshal of England 1307, Justice South of Trent 1307-8, Waren Scottish Marches 1308. [Burke's Peerage]

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    Robert de Clifford, son of Roger de Clifford by Isabel de Vipont, s. his grandfather, Roger de Clifford, and was summoned to parliament as a Baron from 29 December, 1299 (28th Edward I), to 26 November, 1313 (7th Edward II). This nobleman participated in the Scottish wars of King Edward I and ha d a principal command in the English army. He fell in the following reign at the battle of Bannockburn. His lordship m. Maud, dau. and co-heiress of Thomas, 2nd son of Richard de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester, and had issue, besides an elder son, Roger, Lord of Westmoreland, who d. s. p. 1327, a 2nd son, Robert de Clifford. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 122, Clifford, Earls of Cumberland and Barons Clifford]

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    BARONY OF CLIFFORD (I) 1299

    ROBERT DE CLIFFORD (b) son and heir of Roger de C. (who d.v.p., 6 November 1282) (c), by Isabel, daughter and coheir of Robert DE VIPONT, Hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland (by Isabel, 2nd sister and in her issue coheir of Richard FitzJohn [Lord FitzJohn]), was born about Easter 1274, being aged 9 years at Easter II Edw. I; succeeded his grandfather in 1286, before 3 April and, in 1291, inherited a moiety of the estates of the great family of Vipont, on the death of his mother (i.e. Brougham Castle, Westmorland, the Hereditary Shrievalty of that county, &c.). He had seisin of his inheritance 3 May 1295, and was, on the death of his great-uncle, Richard FitzJohn abovenamed, 1297, found one of his coheirs. He served in the wars with Scotland; was justice in Eyre North of Trent, 1297-1307/8; Gov. of Nottingham Castle, July 1298. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 December 1299 to 26 November 1313, by writs directed Roberto de Cliford, whereby he is held to have become LORD CLIFFORD. He was Captain General of the Marches of Scotland, 1299; was one of the Barons whose seal was affixed to the celebrated letter to the Pope, in 1301, being therein described as " Castellanus de Appelby." By Edward I he was granted the manor of Skelton, Cumberland, Skipton Castle, co. York, &c.; while by Edward II he was made, for a few months in 1307, MARSHAL OF ENGLAND; justice South of Trent 1307/8; Warden of the-Scottish marches 1308.

    He married Maud, 2nd and youngest daughter of Thomas DE CLARE (2nd son of Richard, EARL OF GLOUCESTER and HERTFORD), by Julian, daughter and heir of Sir Maurice FITZMAURICE. Lord Justice of lreland. He died 24 June 1314, aged 39, being slain at the battle of Bannockburn, and was (probably) buried with his mother at Shap Abbey, Westmorland. His widow married, without royal license, before 16 December 1315, Sir Robert de Welle; she was found to be in 1320-21, 14 Edw. II, heir to her nephew Thomas, only son and heir of Richard DE CLARE [LORD CLARE]. She died between 4 March 1326/7 and 24 May 1327, when the writ for Inq. p.m. is dated. He was living 29 August 1326. [Complete Peerage III:290-1, XIV:188, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    (b) The name of this illustrious family is taken from the small village of Clifford, their ancient possession, near Hay, co. Hereford. The ruins of Clifford Castle still (1912) exist.

    (c) He was drowned when crossing a bridge of boats near the Menai Straits. He was son of another Roger, a feudal Baron of co. Hereford, and Justice of the Forest South of Trent Aug 1265. This last Roger's wife is described on the "Fine Rolls" as 'Comitissa de Lerett' and as 'Countess Lauretania' by Dugdale, who quotes Glover's "Collections" to the effect that he had married her at "St. George in France in 1 Edw I."




    Father: Roger de CLIFFORD , Justice of Forests b: ABT 1242 in Tenbury, Worcestershire, England
    Mother: Isabel de VIPONT b: ABT 1251 in Brougham Castle, Westmorland, England

    Marriage 1 Maud de CLARE b: ABT 1285 in Bunratty Castle, Thomond, Clare, Ireland
    • Married: 13 NOV 1295 in Clifford Castle, Hay, Herefordshire, England 1
    Children
    1. Has Children Idoine de CLIFFORD , Lady Alnwick b: ABT 1300 in Appleby Castle, Westmorland, England
    2. Has No Children Roger 2nd Baron de CLIFFORD , Sir b: 21 JAN 1299/00 in Clifford Castle, Hay, Herefordshire, England
    3. Has Children Margaret de CLIFFORD b: ABT 1303 in Appleby Castle, Westmorland, England
    4. Has Children Robert 3rd Baron de CLIFFORD , Sir b: 5 NOV 1305 in Ellingham, Northumberland, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 8-6, 144-5
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 205-32, 64-32
      Text: Note line 82-32 contains spurious birth/death dates that do not match reality or other lines within AR, or MCS, so I do not include it as a source, but note it.
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 784
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:477
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:290-1
    6. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 8-6
      Text: Easter, 1274
    7. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 8-6
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