Name: Edward BANASTRE , of Bretherton 1
Birth: ABT 1357 in Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire, England
Death: 1382 in (dspm) 1
Manor of Bretherton, Lancashire:
BRETHERTON, assessed as two plough-lands, was a member of the fee of Penwortham, and appears to have been given by the Bussels to Richard le Boteler of Amounderness, who made grants to Cockersand Abbey and Lytham Priory, and possibly a further grant to Richard son of Roger, lord of Woodplumpton, whose heirs are found to have held Bretherton by knights' service. These mesne lordships, however, soon disappeared from view, and the immediate owners of the land were considered the lords of the manor. Thus in 1242 Richard Banastre, Walter de Hoole, Richard de Thorp, William de Brexes, Thomas de Gerstan and Simon del Pool were stated to hold the twelfth part of a knight's fee in Bretherton of the heir of the Earl of Lincoln, as lord of Penwortham.
The six tenements here indicated were in time consolidated into two, each described as a moiety of the manor and held by different branches of the Banastre family. One moiety belonged to the Banastres of Bank, whose descent will be traced more fully, and the other to Sir Thomas Banastre, K.G., (fn. 14) from whom it descended to the Balderstons, (fn. 15) and thence in halves to the Harringtons and the Radcliffes of Winmarleigh. The former half was on forfeiture granted in 1489 to the first Earl of Derby, and descended like Knowsley till about 1717; while the latter half passed by marriage to Sir Gilbert Gerard, Master of the Rolls in the time of Queen Elizabeth. (fn. 19) These subdivisions appear to have been acquired by the Heskeths of Rufford about a century ago, and they were esteemed as lords of a moiety of the manor until about 1880, when Sir Thomas Hesketh sold it to Lord Lilford, who thus became sole lord, having the other moiety by inheritance.
The now forgotten vill or hamlet of THORP, assessed as one plough-land, was held of the Crown in chief in 1212 by Richard son of Roger de Freckleton, who rendered 10s. annually. It was held of the Freckletons by a local family surnamed Thorp for a century and a half after this time, and being in 1369 sold by the heirs of Thorp to Sir Thomas Banastre, it became completely merged in his moiety of Bretherton, and ceased to be noticed.
The early history of the Banastres of BANK, though apparently they were lords of the manor of Bretherton, is very obscure, much of the uncertainty resulting from the co-existence of several families of the same surname in the township and neighbourhood. Henry Banastre died in 1526 seised of a capital messuage called the Bank and other messuages and lands in Bretherton; also lands in Tarleton, Becconsall and Hesketh. The Bank estate was said to be held of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster by the twentieth part of a knight's fee and a rent of 4½d. yearly.
14. This branch of the family appears to have descended from Adam Banastre, who had sons Richard (named in the text) and Thomas, the descent being thus given by Dodsworth: Adam –s. Thomas –s. Thomas –s. William –s. (Sir) Adam –s. (Sir) Thomas, K.G.
The first step has to be proved. Margery daughter of Henry son of Sweyn gave to Thomas Banastre land in Bretherton held in part from Adam Banastre and in part from the Knights of St. John, in exchange for lands in Scarisbrick which Thomas held of the Abbot of Cockersand; ibid. Richard son of Richard de Thorp in 1293 granted Thomas son of Thomas Banastre lands in Bretherton and Thorp. Maud widow of Thomas le Boteler gave to Thomas son of Thomas Banastre land in Hillcroft in Bretherton formerly held by Adam his brother. Thomas son of Thomas le Boteler also made a grant to him in 1293.
One Thomas Banastre (father or son) in 1288 held a third part of Heath Charnock. The son Thomas married Joan de Singleton and thus acquired estates in the Fylde; he died in or before 1303. The remainders were to William and Adam Banastre, brothers. The Adam Banastre who raised an insurrection in 1315 was almost certainly son of the younger Thomas. Thus in 1307-8 Sir Adam Banastre gave Sir William Banastre, his brother, a rent of £16 11s. 6½d. from his manors, &c., of Broughton, Salefield, Heath Charnock, Adlington, Duxbury and Shevington.
Thomas son of Thomas le Boteler granted land in Bretherton on the Hovenefurlong next Hallstudgreen to William son of Thomas Banastre. William Banastre died in or before 1323 holding lands in Singleton. His son Adam, afterwards a knight, was said to be sixteen years of age. As Adam son of Sir William Banastre he in 1344 granted William de Stirzaker a messuage and lands in the High moor with appurtenances in Bretherton for the celebration of divine service in a certain chapel then newly built in Bretherton for the welfare of the souls of the grantor, his wife, his parents (William and Philippa). He married Pernell, afterwards wife of John Trussell of Cublesden. His executors (1346, &c.) were John and Nicholas sons of Thomas Banastre. In the same year John Trussell of Cublesden and Pernell his wife were suing for the latter's dower in Bretherton.
The wardship and marriage of Thomas son and heir of Adam Banastre were in 1344 given by the Earl of Lancaster to Sir Adam de Hoghton.
Thomas son of Sir Adam Banastre appeared as plaintiff in 1365; he alleged waste in his lands at Bretherton, naming a hall, dovecote, &c., oaks, ash trees, apple trees and pear trees. He purchased Thorp in 1369. He was made a knight in 1360 and in 1375 elected K.G.; his plate is on his stall at Windsor. He was lost at sea, 16 Dec. 1379. He held two parts of the manor of Bretherton of Thomas Banastre of the Bank, the other part being included in the dower of Pernell widow of Sir Adam Banastre.
15. Edward the son and heir of Sir Thomas died in 1382, leaving a daughter Constance, born in that year. Pernell widow of Sir Adam died in 1388, at which time Agnes widow of Sir Thomas was still living.
Constance, the daughter and heir of Edward Banastre, married William de Balderston, and the Bretherton estate descended in the same way as Balderston.
19. Lands in Bretherton are named in the Balderston estate of Thomas son of Richard Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, 1521; and of his son Thomas in 1538. In 1561 the whole estate was said to be held of John Osbaldeston. A similar statement was made after the death of Sir Gilbert Gerard in 1593.
Lands in Bretherton and Croston are also named in the Inq. p.m. of Sir Alexander Osbaldeston (1544) as part of the fourth part of the manor of Balderston.
['Townships: Bretherton', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 102-108. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk]
Father: Thomas BANASTRE , of Bretherton, KG, Sir b: ABT 1332 in Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire, England
Mother: Agnes de HOGHTON b: ABT 1337 in Hoghton, Chorley, Lancashire, England
- Constance (Constantia) BANASTRE , heir Bretherton b: 1382 in Bretherton, Chorley, Lancashire, England
- Title: VCH - Lancashire:. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk