The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I05495
  • Name: John 1st Baron WENLOCK , of Luton, Sir 1
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BEF 1400 in Luton, Bedfordshire, England 2
  • Death: 4 MAY 1471 in Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England (dsp) 1
  • Burial: Wenlock Chapel, Luton, Bedfordshire, England
  • Note:
    BARONY OF WENLOCK (I)

    JOHN WENLOCK, younger son of William WENLOCK, alias WYVELL, of Luton and of Houghton Conquest, Beds, by Margaret, sister and heir of John BRITON (an idiot, died shortly before 28 January 1390/1) of Houghton Conquest, which William was son and heir of Nicholas Wyvell, who married Joan, sister of William de Wenlock, priest, of Wenlock, Salop, and of Luton, Master of Farley Hospital, Beds (died 1392), daughter of Richard de Wenlock, who acquired 16 messuages,and 80 acres of land in Wenlock, temp. Edward III. He was (apparently) serving in France before 21 August 1421, when he was granted lands in Gisors in tail male by homage and the yearly render of a dagger to the King; and was Constable of Vernon before 21 August 1422; succeeded his elder brother Sir Thomas in the family estates in Beds, shortly before 20 June 1429; was M.P. for Beds, 1433, 1437, 1439-40, 1447, 1449, 1455-56, when he was elected Speaker, and (perhaps) 1460-61; accounted for a mission to France, 1433/4; escheator for Beds and Bucks, 1438-39; was again overseas on missions for the King, July and November 1441; Commissioner to treat for peace with France, 9 September 1442 and (for the truce at Tours, 28 May) 11 February 1443/4; Sheriff of Beds and Bucks, 1444-45; Usher of the Queen;s Chamber before 13 June 1446, when he was appointed Constable of Cardiff Castle and Master-Forester there; knighted between 15 January and 18 October 1447; Chamberlain of the Queen before 8 April 1448, when, in this capacity, he was appointed by Queen Margaret to lay the foundation-stone of Queens' College, Cambridge, 15 April following. On 25 November 1448 he was granted the family lands in Wenlock, which had been alienated by his great-uncle William de Wenlock to Wenlock Priory. After fighting on the Lancastrian side at the 1st battle of St. Albans, 22 May 1455, he was "caryede hom in a carte sore hurt." Having lent to the King in his need ĢI,033 6s. 8d. before 18 December 1449, he was granted, 31 May 1457, 500 marks a year from the customs of Southampton in repayment. As Commissioner (appointed under the Earl of Warwick, whose fortunes he thereafter faithfully followed), 14 May 1458, to redress breaches of the truce with Burgundy, he conducted marriage negotiations both with Duke Philip and, November-December 1458, with the French Commissioners at Rouen. P.C. before 26 August 1458. In 1459 he threw in his lot with the Yorkists and, after the affair at Ludford, 12 October, escaped with the Earls of Salisbury and Warwick in a small boat from North Devon, via Guernsey, to Calais, which they reached, 2 November. He was in consequence attainted by the Parliament which met at Coventry, November 1459, but the proceedings of this Parliament were annulled, October 1460. After leading a raid from Calais on Sandwich in June, he crossed to England with the two Earls and the Earl of March and with them entered London, 2 July 1460, where he took a leading part in the siege and capture, 19 July, of the Tower. With the Earl of Warwick and others he was nominated K.G., September 1460; and was made Chief Butler of England for life, 14 November following, being re-appointed, 1 May 1461. He again entered London with Warwick and the young Duke of York, 27 February 1460/1, held a command at the battle of Towton, 29 March, and was ordered to besiege Thorpe Waterville Castle, co. Northampton, 1 April 1461. He was summoned to Parliament from 26 July 1461 to 10 August 1469, by writs directed Johanni Wenlok de Wenlok militi, whereby he is held to have become LORD WENLOCK, or WENLOK. Chamberlain of the Duchy of Lancaster (as from 4 March), 26 July 1461; Steward for life of the castle and lordship of Berkhampstead, 2 November; Constable for life of Hertford Castle, 11 December; Joint Treasurer of Ireland for life (with Sir Rowland FitzEustace), 21 December 1461, and Steward of the Duchy of Lancaster in Beds and Bucks (as from 4 March 1460/1), 15 January 1461/2. Between 1461 and 1468 he was continually employed on important diplomatic missiom, usually with the Earl of Warwick, to Burgundy and France; also to treat with John, Earl of Ross, 8 February 1461/2, and to Brittany, 8 May 1465. In November 1462 he accompanied the King to the North and, under the Earl of Warwick, took part in the siege of Dunstanburgh Castle, Northumberland, which surrendered on Christmas Eve. Master Forester of Enfield Chase, circa 1466-67; Commissioner to determine the boundaries of the pale at Calais, 23 February, and to treat with Burgundy, 6 May, and the Society of the Hanse, 12 May 1469. As Lieutenant of Calais, appointed (probably by Warwick, the Captain there) before 12 May 1469, he refused admission to Warwick and Clarence after their flight from England, April 1470. For this service he was appointed Lieutenant of Calais by Edward IV, 26 May 1470, but he was able later to declare for Warwick and held the town for him, 1470-71. In April 147 1 he accompanied Queen Margaret to England and commanded the centre at Tewkesbury, 4 May 1471, where he was slain.

    He married, 1stly, before 1435-36, Elizabeth, widow of Christopher PRESTON (living 5 November 1432), daughter and coheir of Sir John DRAYTON, of Newnham, Oxon., Kempston, Beds, &c (died s.p.m. 1417; M.I. at Dorchester, Oxon), by Isabel, daughter and coheir of Sir Maurice RUSSELL, of Dyrham, Gloucester. She was living in 1463 and apparently died before 12 March 1465/6, being buried (presumably) in the Wenlock Chapel at St. Mary's, Luton. He married, 2ndly, after 15 July 1467, Agnes, widow of Sir John FRAY, Chief Baron of the Exchequer (died shortly before 3 July 1461), and before that of Thomas BALDINGTON, of Albury, Oxon. (died 22 August 1435), only daughter of John DANVERS, of Epwell and Colthorpe, Oxon., by his 1st wife, Alice, daughter and heir of William VERNEY, of Byfield, Northants. He died s.p.m. 4 May 1471, aged 71 or more, and was perhaps buried in the Wenlock Chapel at Luton, when any hereditary Barony which may be supposed to have been created by the writ of 1461 became extinct. His widow married, 4thly, between 25 September 1473 and 9 October 1474, as his 2nd wife, Sir John SAY, of Broxbourne, Herts, Speaker of the House of Commons, who died 12 April 1478. She died s.p.m. June 1478 and was buried near her 2nd husband in St. Bartholomew the Less, Smithfield. [Complete Peerage XII/2:479-85, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Marriage 1 Agnes DANVERS b: ABT 1412 in Epwell, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England
    • Married: AFT 15 JUL 1467 in 3rd husband 2nd wife 1

    Sources:
    1. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:479-85
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:479-85
      Text: serving in France in 1421 (of age)
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