The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I05137
  • Name: Maria of BULGARIA 1 2 3
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: ABT 1045 in Bulgaria
  • Death: BEF 1118 in (as a nun named Xene) 4
  • Note:
    I originally had Maria as daughter of Trajan, who was son of Samuel. However Peter Stewart and Pierre Aronax, in the following posts to SGM, 9 Jun 2004, state that Trajan was more likely the son of Ivan, who was a nephew of Samuel:

    From: Pierre Aronax (pierre_aronax AT
    Subject: Re: Maria of Byzantium (twice)
    Newsgroups: soc.genealogy.medieval
    Date: 2004-06-09 02:54:02 PST

    "Peter Stewart" a écrit dans le message de news:Xnrxc.877$uB3.755 AT

    > A Byzantine source

    It is Nikèphoros Bryénnios.

    > stated that Maria was claimed to be descended from
    > Samuel, but this information might not be literally true.

    See below.

    > Samuel was a
    > more notable figure, as a famous conqueror & founder of the Bulgarian,
    > than Ivan Vladislav who had suffered defeat that resulted in his lands
    > becoming once again a Byzantine province.
    > It was also said that Maria was related through her mother to several
    > important Byzantine families, as well as to the Bulgarian Radomir who
    > was presumably the grandson of Ivan Vladislav.

    Yes, almost certainly, although he can be said to have been an Byzantine aristocrat of Bulgarian origin rather than a Bulgarian (assuming that this Bulgarian dynasty was of Bulgarian stock, which is not sure at all).

    > Chronologically it seems unlikey that Maria's father Trajan was a son of
    > Samuel. Ivan Vladislav is believed to have been a nephew of Samuel, son
    > of his brother Aaron. This could account for the Samuel's relationship
    > with Maria other than ancestry. From the known dates of Ivan's family
    > his children must have belonged to a later generation than Samuel's.
    > Trajan was the contemporary of Ivan's other offspring, a Byzantine
    > client ruling in the west of Bulgaria as did Ivan's father. I don't know
    > of a source definitely stating that he was Ivan's son,

    Trojan/Traianos' filiation is assured by a scholia of bishop Michael of Devol (Diabolis) to the historical work of Skylitzès, which put him between the sons of Ivan Vladislav. The bishop of Diabolis was very well informed about and obviously interested by the genealogy of the Bulgarian dynasts. The alternative version given by Bryennios (that Trojan was Samuel's son) is on the other hand unlikely, as you noted, and comes from an author who knew little and was not interested to know more about the deposed dynasty of Bulgaria: in fact, Bryennios' information according to which Trojan was a son of Samuel must be put in context with an other passage of his text were he says that Aikatérinè, Isaakios Komnènos' wife, was also a daughter of Samuel. In fact, it is unquestionably known that Aikatérinè was a daughter of Ivan Vladislav, not of Samuel: it is so probable that Bryennios confuses Ivan with Samuel.

    > but this seems
    > far more probable than making him a very late-born son of Samuel.
    > Trajan may well have married a lady from Constantinople, _perhaps_ from
    > the Kontostephanos family - but this is far from certain.

    We know (through Bryennios who, we have seen above, must be taken with caution as far as genealogy is concerned) that Maria was related on her mother's side to the Kontostéphanoi, the Aballantai and the Phokadès. How that works exactly and from which of this three lineage was Trojan's wife is a mater of discussion.


    Father: Trajan Khan\Tsar of Western BULGARIA b: ABT 1017 in Bulgaria

    Marriage 1 Andronicus DUCAS b: ABT 1045 in Byzantine Empire
      1. Has Children Irene DUCAS b: ABT 1065 in Byzantine Empire
      2. Has Children Michael DUCAS b: ABT 1067 in Constantinople, Turkey

      1. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
        Page: 208
      2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
        Page: 45-27
      3. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups -
        Page: Pierre Aronax, 9 Jun 2004
      4. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups -
        Page: Peter Stewart, 6 Jun 2004
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