Name: John de BRAOSE , Lord of Bramber & Gower 1
Birth: ABT 1197 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales 1
Death: 18 JUL 1232 in Bramber, Steyning, Sussex, England 1
John de Braose, Lord of Gower, born c1197, died 18 July 1232 at Bamber, co Sussex from a fall from a horse; married 1219 Margaret, died 1263, daughter of Llewellyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales. [Magna Charta Sureties]
Nicknamed "Tadody" by the Welsh when he was hidden in Gower as a child after King John had his father and grandmother killed. He was later in the custody of Engelard de Cigogny (castellan of Windsor) along with his brother Giles. Cigogny was ordered to give the two boys up to William de Harcourt in 1214. At this time John became separated from his brother. He was present at the signing of the Magna Charta in 1215.
John disputed his uncle Reginald's claim to the Braose lands, sometimes resorting to arms. Llewelyn, Prince of Wales, helped him to secure Gower (1219). In 1221, with the advice and permission of Llewelyn, he repaired his castle of Abertawy (Swansea). He purchased the Rape of Bramber from Reginald and his son William in 1226. In that year John confirmed the family gifts to Sele Priory, near Bramber, and to the Abbey of St FLorent, Saumur, and added others. After the death of Reginald (1228) he became Lord of Skenfrith, Grosmont, and Whitecastle, the three Marcher castles, by charter from the king but he lost these in 1230 to Hugh de Burgh at the same time as Gower became a subtenancy of de Burgh's Honour of Carmarthen and Cardigan.
See Castle of Abertawy, Swansea
Joan de Braose, surnamed Tadody, had been privately nursed by a Welsh woman at Gower. This John had grants of lands from King Henry III and was also possessed of the Barony of Brembye, in Sussex, where he died in 1231, by a fall from his horse, his foot sticking in the stirrup. He married, it is stated, Margaret, dau. of Llewellyn, Prince of Wales, by whom (who m. afterwards Walter de Clifford) he had a son, his successor, William de Braose. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883, p. 72, Braose, Baron Braose, of Gower]
Father: William IV The Younger de BRAOSE , Lord Bramber b: ABT 1175 in of Bramber, Sussex, England & Gower, Wales
Mother: Maud de CLARE , heiress of Buckingham b: ABT 1177 in Buckingham, Buckinghamshire, England
Margaret verch LLEWELYN b: 1204 in Caernarvonshire, Wales
- William 1st Baron de BRAOSE , of Bramber &Gower b: BEF 15 JUL 1224 in Bramber, Steyning, Sussex, England
- Richard de BRAOSE , of Stinton, Sir b: BEF 1232 in Bramber, Steyning, Sussex, England
- Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999