The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I04861
  • Name: William 1st Baron de BRAOSE , of Bramber &Gower 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BEF 15 JUL 1224 in Bramber, Steyning, Sussex, England 4 3
  • Death: 6 JAN 1290/91 in Findon, Worthing, Sussex, England 1 5
  • Note:
    BARONY OF BREWES (I) 1290

    BREUS see BREWES, BREUSE, BREWES, or BREWOSE

    SIR WILLIAM DE BREUSE, son and heir of John DE BREUSE, Lord of Bramber and Gower (b), by Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn ap lorwerth, PRINCE OF NORTH WALES. He succeeded his father in 1232, before 18 July, and was of full age before 15 July 1245. He was summoned cum equis et armis from 14 March 1257/8 to 14 March 1282/3, and to attend the King at Shrewsbury, 28 June 1283, by writs directed Willelmo de Breuse, Brehuse, or Brewes. He is recorded to have sat in the Parliament of April-May 1290, whereby he may be held to have been LORD BREWOSE.

    He married 1stly, Aline, daughter of Thomas DE MULTON of Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, by Maud, daughter and heir of Hubert DE VAUX, of Gilsland in that county (g). He married, 2ndly, Agnes (h), daughter of Nicholas DE MOELS, of Cadbury, Somerset, by hawise, widow of John de Botreaux, younger daughter and coheir of James de Newmarch, of Cadbury. He married, 3rdly, in or before 127I, Mary (i), daughter of Robert DE ROS of Helmsley, by Isabel, daughter and heir of William D'AUBIGNY, of Belvoir. He died 6 January 1290/1 at Findon, West Sussex. His widow, whose dower was settled by deeds dated 21, 23 March 1290/1, died shortly before 23 May I326. [Complete Peerage II:302, XIV:110, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    (b) John de Breuse was son and heir of William (who was starved to death by King John in 1210), son and heir of William, Lord of Braiose (now Briouze) in Normandy, of Bramber, and of Brecon.

    (g) She had the manor of Thorganby, co. York (parcel of the inheritance of Maud de Vaux), in free marriage.

    (h) She had the manor of Woodlands, co. Dorset, in free marriage. See Ch. Inq.p.m., (on her son Giles de Brewose).

    (i) She had the lands in Werthorpe, co. York, in free marriage.

    --------------

    William was only 12 when his father died. The wardship of William and the de Braose lands were granted by Henry III to Peter des Rievaux. On his fall in 1234 these custodies were passed on to the king's brother Richard, Earl of Cornwall. When William came of age he took control of the Braose lands in Gower, Bramber and Tetbury. He confirmed the grants made by his father of the rents of cottages in Tetbury (they are still there) to the priory at Aconbury, founded in the memory of Maud de St Valery by her daughter Margaret.

    He was plagued throughout his life by a series of legal battles over land rights with his female relatives.

    See Cottages of Tetbury.

    --------------

    William de Braose, in the 41st Henry III [1257], when Llewellyn ap Griffith menaced the marches of Wales with a great army, was commanded by the king to defend his own marches about Gower, and the next year he had a military summons to attend the king Chester. In two years afterwards, he was again in arms under Roger de Mortimer against the Welsh, and was one of the barons who became pledged for King Henry, abiding the award of Louis, King of France. He d. in 1290, leaving by Isabel de Clare, his first wife, a son, William de Braose. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 72, Braose, Baron Braose, of Gower]

    --------------

    Peter de Braose, half-brother of William, Lord Braose, of Gower. Peter's son, Thomas, was found heir to his grandmother, Mary de Ros (his grandfather, William de Braose's 2nd wife). [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage Ltd, London, England, 1883, p. 73, Braose, Barons Braose]

    NOTE: From the above information it is certain which William de Braose was Peter's father, for only this one William was summoned to parliament as a baron. However, in attempting to connect Mary de Ros to William, there are some pretty glaring date inconsistencies. e.g., William died in 1290, and Mary wasn't born until around 1298. It's possible the approximated year of birth for Mary is somewhat off, but surely not that far off. According to Burke, her father, William de Ros, was b. 1255, thus, she could have been born as early as perhaps 1271. Her father d. in 1316, and her grandfather died 16 June, 1285. Her 2nd husband, Thomas of Brotherton, was born 1 June, 1300. Had she been born as early as 1271, she would have been 29 years older than her 2nd husband. It's almost as if there had been two separate individuals named Mary de Ros, yet Burke says "Mary m. 1st, to William Braose, and 2ndly, to Thomas de Brotherton, Duke of Norfolk."




    Father: John de BRAOSE , Lord of Bramber & Gower b: ABT 1197 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales
    Mother: Margaret verch LLEWELYN b: 1204 in Caernarvonshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Aline de MULTON , Heiress of Thorganby b: ABT 1240 in Gilsland, Irthington, Cumberland, England
    • Married: BEF 1255 in 1st wife 1
    Children
    1. Has Children William 2nd Baron de BRAOSE , of Gower &Bramber b: ABT 1258 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales

    Marriage 2 Agnes de MOELS , Heiress of Woodlands b: ABT 1230 in Cadbury, Tiverton, Somerset, England
    • Married: AFT 1260 in 2nd wife 1 6
    Children
    1. Has Children Giles de BRAOSE , of Woodlands b: ABT 1265 in Bramber, Sussex, England

    Marriage 3 Mary de ROS , Heiress of Werthorpe b: ABT 1253 in Helmsley Castle, Yorkshire North Riding, England
    • Married: ABT 1271 in 3rd wife 1
    Children
    1. Has Children Piers (Peter) de BRAOSE , of Tetbury, Sir b: ABT 1273 in Gower, Glamorganshire, Wales
    2. Has No Children Margaret de BRAOSE b: ABT 1285 in Bramber, Sussex, England
    3. Has Children William de BRAOSE , of Wiston b: ABT 1286 in Bamber, Sussex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 122a-4
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:4 (g)
      Text: William de Brewes
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:302
    4. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 122a-4
      Text: of age 15 July 1245.
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:302, XIV:110
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:4 (g)
      Text: no date, 2nd wife
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