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The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

  • ID: I03920
  • Name: William "The Lion" King of SCOTLAND 1 2 3 4 5
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 07th Earl of /Huntingdon/, William K. of Scotland
  • Name: 2nd Earl of NORTHUMBERLAND , William of Scotland 6
  • Birth: 1143 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England 1 5
  • Death: 4 DEC 1214 in Stirling Castle, Stirlingshire, England 7 5
  • Event: Ruled 1165-1214
  • Burial: Arbroath, Angusshire, Scotland
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF NORTHUMBERLAND (II) 1152 to 1157

    EARLDOM OF HUNTINGDON (VII) 1165 to 1174

    WILLIAM, KING OF SCOTLAND, called "the Lion," brother and heir. He was born in 1143. Henry II recognised him as EARL OF HUNTINGDON, but refused him the Earldom of Northumberland, whereupon he became an enemy of the English King. Having joined with Prince Henry in rebellion against his father, he invaded England, was defeated and taken prisoner at Alnwick, 12 July 1174, and deprived of the Earldom. Prince Henry had promised him the Earldom of Northumberland, and Huntingdon and Cambridge to William's brother David. In 1185 he obtained a regrant of Huntingdon from the King, but immediately resigned it to his brother David. As King of Scotland he made a grant to St. Andrew's, Northampton. In 1189 he purchased for 10,000 marks, from Richard I a release of all claim to allegiance from Scotland.

    He married, 5 September 1186, at Woodstock, Ermengarde, daughter of Richard, VICOMTE DE BEAUMONT LA MAINE, by Constance, illegitimate daughter of Henry I. He died 4 December 1214, at Stirling, and was bur. at Arbroath. His widow died 11 February 1233, and was buried in the Abbey of Balmerino, Fife, which she had founded. [Complete Peerage VI:644-5, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    . . . . .

    The following corrects the above ancestry for Ermengarde (Constance was Richard's mother):

    Some corrections and additions to the Complete Peerage:

    HUNTINGDON
    Volume 6, page 645 (as modified by volume 14):
    He [William, King of Scotland (d. 1214)] m., 5 Sep. 1186, at Woodstock, Ermengarde, da. of Richard, VICOMTE DE BEAUMONT LA MAINE, by Constance, illegitimate da. of Henry I.

    According to Complete Peerage, vol. 11, App. D, p. 116, Constance was the mother, not the wife, of Richard de Beaumont. This is supported by vol. 12, part 1, p. 768, note j (continued on p. 769), which prints an extract from a charter of confirmation of King John in 1199 to Constance de Tony [daughter of Richard de Beaumont], referring to her grandmother Constance as the daughter of Henry I.

    [The contradiction was pointed out by Henry Sutliff in March 2003. Rosie Bevan provided the evidence from vol. 12, part 1, in November 2003]

    ----------------------------

    Born in 1143, William the Lion was the younger brother of Malcolm IV. A year after his accession, he went to Normandy with Henry II and later spent Easter 1170 at Windsor. In 1174, however, he joined Henry II's son in his rebellion against his father, and invaded England. He was captured at Alnwick, Northumberland and brought to Henry II with 'his feet shackled beneath the belly of his horse.' He was then held prisoner first in Yorkshire, later at Northampton and finally in France. He was released by the terms of the Treaty of Falaise of 8 December 1174, having been forced to agree to do homage to Henry II 'for Scotland and for all his other lands', and surrender key Scottish castles such as Edinburgh and Stirling.

    As William's feudal lord, Henry now had the right to arrange his marriage, and he gave him Ermengarde de Beaumont, whose father was the son of an illegitimate daughter of Henry I. William eventually recovered Scotland from the English king's feudal overlordship, however, when Henry II was succeeded by Richard I. Richard, determined to raise money for his third Crusade, surrendered his feudal superiority over Scotland for 10,000 merks by the Quitclaim of Canterbury on 5 December 1189 and Scotland was an independent country once more. In 1196-7, William established his sovereignty in Caithness.

    Under William, the development of feudal institutions continued; in part, the Scottish monarchy's government closely resembled England's. William established royal burghs in eastern Scotland up to moray Firth, and extended the use of sheriffs in the same area. Perth and Stirling became major centres of royal administration.

    William I was a vigorous royal patron of the Scottish Church - he founded Arbroath Abbey, Angus in or before 1178. In 1182 Pope Lucius III sent him the Golden Rose and in 1188 Pope Clement III took the Scottish Church under his special protection. In 1192, the Pope granted a Bull to William that recognised the separate identity of the Scottish Church (previously the Church in Scotland had been brought under the authority of the Archbishop of York), and its independence of all ecclesiastical authorities apart from Rome. Gervase of Canterbury described William as 'a man of outstanding sanctity ... much preferring to have peace than the sword and to provide for his people by wisdom rather than iron'. William died at Stirling on 4 December 1214, aged 71, and was buried at Arbroath. [Encyclopaedia Britannica]


    Father: Henry Prince of SCOTLAND , Earl of Huntingdon b: 1114 in Scotland
    Mother: Ada (Adeline) de WARENNE b: ABT 1122 in Lewes, Sussex, England

    Marriage 1 Miss de HYTHUS b: ABT 1145 in Scotland
    • Married: in No Marriage
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1170 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England

    Marriage 2 Isabel AVENAL b: ABT 1143 in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
    • Married: ABT 1160 in No Marriage
    Children
    1. Has Children Ada de HUNTINGDON b: ABT 1160 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
    2. Has Children Miss de HUNTINGDON b: ABT 1162 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
    3. Has Children Isabel of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1169 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
    4. Has Children Robert de LONDON b: ABT 1173 in London, Middlesex, England

    Marriage 3 Ermengarde de BEAUMONT b: ABT 1172 in Beaumont-sur-Sarthe(le-Vicomte), Sarthe, Maine/Pays-de-la-Loire, France
    • Married: 5 SEP 1186 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England 5
    Children
    1. Has Children Margaret Princess of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1193 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
    2. Has Children Alexander II King of SCOTLAND b: 24 AUG 1198 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
    3. Has No Children Marjory (Margaret) Princess of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1204 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland
    4. Has No Children Isabella Princess of SCOTLAND b: ABT 1212 in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland

    Sources:
    1. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: United Kingdom-Ancestry of the British Royal House
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 89-26
    3. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 116-1
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/2:276
      Text: father of Margaret by Miss de Hythus
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:644-5
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:707
    7. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: United Kingdom-Ancestry of the British Royal House, William I