The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03585
  • Name: Robert de MOWBRAY , Earl of Northumberland 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 0th Earl of /Northumberland/, Robert de Mowbray
  • Birth: BEF 1059 in Bazoches-au-Houlme, Orne, Normandy, France 4
  • Death: AFT 1125 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England (as a monk) 3
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF NORTHUMBERLAND

    ROBERT DE MOWBRAY (Montbrai), seigneur of Bazoches, son of Roger de Montbrai, was made Earl upon the retirement of Aubrey [a knight who was previous administrator of Northumberland], probably in 1080 or 1081 (g). According to the chroniclers he governed badly and with great cruelty. He defended his Earldom against an incursion by the Scots under Malcolm in 1091, and in 1093 defeated him at Alnwick, where the Scottish King and his eldest son Edward were killed (13 Nov). In 1095 he rebelled actively against William Rufus, in support of a conspiracy to put on the throne of England Stephen, Count of Aumale, son of the Conqueror's sister Adelaide. Rufus marched north, took the Earl's new fortress at Newcastle and the castle of Tynemouth, and besieged Bamborough, when the Earl had escaped, and where the Countess held out till compelled to surrender by a threat to blind her husband, who had been captured. He was deprived of his Earldom, and imprisoned at Windsor.

    He m. in 1095, Maud, daughter of Richer de Laigle, by Judith, sister of Hugh, Earl of Chester. She was permitted, after 1007, by Pope Paschall II, to m. 2ndly, Nele d' Aubigny, who repudiated her. She appears to have been living in 1130.

    (g) A charter of the Conqueror, 14 July 1080, is attested by him simply as Robert de Mowbray. Of 3 others (1079-82) two are attested similarly, and one by him as Earl.

    (d) It is said he was kept in prison for 30 years, till Henry I allowed him to become a monk at St. Albans, where he died. He was a benefactor of St. Stephen's Abbey.

    The Earldom was taken into the King's hand in 1095, and remained in the Crown until 1139, when, by treaty made between Stephen and David I of Scotland, the English King alienated it, and the Scottish King conferred it upon his son. [Complete Peerage IX:705-6]




    Father: Roger Sire de MOWBRAY & Bazoches b: ABT 1039 in Montbrai near St Lo, Manche, Normandy, France

    Marriage 1 Maud de LAIGLE b: ABT 1071 in Aigle, Orne, Normandy, France
    • Married: 1095 in 1st husband - nullified by Pope Paschal II 1 3

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 158-3
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2026
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:705-6
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:703-4
      Text: assumed governorship/Earldom of Northumberland in 1080 (of age), Robert was seigneur of Bazoches
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