The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I03544
  • Name: Robert de VERE , 3rd Earl of Oxford, MCS 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 03rd Earl of /Oxford/, Robert de Vere
  • Birth: AFT 1164 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England 5 3 4
  • Death: BEF 25 OCT 1221 in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England 1 3 4
  • Event: Bullet 1215 MAGNA CHARTA SURETY 6
  • Burial: Hatfield Priory, Essex, England
  • Note:
    Robert de Vere [3rd son, eldest was Aubrey, 2nd Earl of Oxford, dspl by Oct 1214, 2nd son was Ralph, dvf], 3rd Earl of Oxford; hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, one of the magnates appointed to enforce King John's observance of Magna Charta; Justice Itinerant 1220 and Justice in King's Court of Westminster 1221; married Isabel (died 3 Feb 1245), sister of Walter de Bolebec and aunt of his [Robert de Vere's] elder brother's [Aubrey, 2nd Earl of Oxford's] 1st wife, and died by 25 Oct 1221. [Burke's Peerage]

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    The 3rd de Vere Earl was one of the barons opposed to King John at Runymede in 1215 at the time of the granting of Magna Carta. His position on that occasion is a good example of the different meaning the term baron had at that time (ie. magnate or tenant in chief of the Crown) from what it does today, viz. holder of a specific degree of lordship of Parliament. De Vere's title of Earl was a real one but it was not a lordship of Parliament, for Parliament did not yet exist. Nor did de Vere have a subsidiary barony or viscountcy title in the way that earls now tend to. [Burke's Peerage, Earldom of Oxford, p. 2178]

    -----------------------

    EARLDOM OF OXFORD (III) 1214

    ROBERT (DE VERE), EARL OF OXFORD, Hereditary Master Chamberlain of England, brother and heir, being 3rd but eldest surviving son of the 1st Earl, by 3rd wife, born probably after 1164. He attested 4 of his father's charters and 3 other charters for Colne Priory. He appears to have had land at Bumpstead Helion, Essex, and in or shortly after 1208 he acquired one moiety of the BoIebec barony by marrying the aunt of his eldest brother's late wife. In 1214 he attested the King's letter promising freedom of election to sees and abbeys. After Aubrey's death he had seisin of his lands and the castles of Hedingham and Canfield in October 1214. Next year he was one of the Barons who met at Stamford and who forced John to grant Magna Carta at Runnymede, and was one of the 25 elected as its guardians. On 23 June 1215 the King issued a writ from Runnymede to the sheriff of Oxfordshire directing him to let Robert have the 3rd penny in accordance with his charter. With the other baronial leaders he was excommunicated by the Pope, and he joined them in inviting Louis of France to England. He was in arms against the King; but in March 1216, after John had taken Hedingham Castle, Robert went to him there and swore that in future he would serve him loyally. However, later in the year, Oxford went over to Louis and was among the Barons who did homage to him at Rochester. In 1217 Louis took Hedingham Castle and restored it to Robert, but in October 1217 Robert returned to his allegiance. On 18 February 1218/9 the sheriff of Oxfordshire was ordered to let him have as Earl of Oxford what his ancestors had had. He was a justice itinerant in 1220 and a justice in the King's Court at Westminster in 1221. The Earl was a benefactor to Oseney Abbey and Tilty Abbey.

    He married Isabel, daughter of Hugh and sister of Walter DE BOLEBEC, coheir to her niece Isabel, Countess of Oxford, and widow of Henry DE NONANT. He died before 25 October 1221, and was buried at Hatfield Priory. His wife survived him and died 3 February 1245, being buried in the church of the preaching friars at Oxford, which she had founded. [Complete Peerage X:210-13, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Aubrey III de VERE , 1st Earl of Oxford b: ABT 1110 in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England
    Mother: Agnes of ESSEX b: BET 1151 AND 1152 in Haughley, Stow, Suffolk, England

    Marriage 1 Isabel de BOLBEC b: BEF 1166 in Hatfield, Essex, England
    • Married: AFT 1206 in 2nd husband 7 8
    Children
    1. Has Children Margery de VERE b: ABT 1208 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
    2. Has Children Hugh de VERE , 4th Earl of Oxford b: ABT 1210 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
    3. Has Children Eleanore de VERE b: ABT 1215 in Oxford, Oxfordshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 120-1, 154-3
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2498
    3. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 246-27
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:210-3
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 120-1, 154-3
      Text: Line 120 said after 1164, line 154 said before 1164, but given the age of the mother I am saying after 1164 (probably well after).
    6. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 120-1
    7. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 246-27
      Text: no date, 2nd husb
    8. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: X:210-3
      Text: no date, 2nd husb
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