The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03503
  • Name: Humphrey VII de BOHUN , Earl Hereford & Essex 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 07th\3rd Earl of /Hereford/, Humphrey de Bohun
  • Name: 08th Earl of ESSEX , Humphrey de Bohun 3
  • Birth: ABT 1249 in Hay Castle, Hay on Wye, Breconshire, Wales 1 2
  • Death: 31 DEC 1298 in Pleshey Castle, Chelmsford, Essex, England 1 2
  • Burial: Walden Abbey, Saffron Walden, Essex, England
  • Note:
    Humphrey de Bohun VII, born c1249, died Pleshy 31 Dec 1298, Earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England; married 1275 Maud, daughter of Enguerrand de Fiennes, Seigneur de Fiennes in Guisnes. [Magna Charta Sureties]

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    EARLDOM OF ESSEX (VIII) 1275

    EARLDOM OF HEREFORD (VII, 3) 1275

    HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, EARL OF HEREFORD AND ESSEX, Constable of England, grandson and heir, being son and heir of Humphrey DE BOHUN and his 1st wife, Eleanor DE BRIOUZE, was born about 1249. The King took his homage and he had livery of his mother's lands 8 November 1270. On 14 January 1270/1 he had a grant of 40 marks a year as long as he remained in the King's service. During his grandfather's life (9 September 1275, he was his deputy in the constableship of England. He had livery of his grandfather's lands, 26 October, and of the purparty of Eve de Briouze, his grandmother, 12 November 1275. He was present when judgment was given against Llywellyn, 12 November, and on 17 November 1276 was going to the marches of Wales on the King's affairs. On 2 January 1277/8 he had a protection on going to Santiago. In 1282 he was ordered to place himself under the Earl of Gloucester and Hertford in Wales, and allowed to remain in Brecknock, the office of Constable of England to be performed by his uncle [of the half blood], John de Bohun. On 10 May 1285 he was going beyond seas, and on 5 February 1286/7 was staying in Wales by the King's command. On 6 November 1287 he was granted at pleasure lands in co. Carmartben. In 1289 he was fighting against the Earl of Gloucester in respect of the boundaries of their domains, but the two were reconciled. On 19 February 1291/2 his liberty of Brecknock was taken away, but restored 13 July 1292. In 1297 he conducted the Princess Elizabeth and her husband John, Count of Holland, on their journey from England. At the so-called Parliament which met at Salisbury 24 February 1296/7 occurred the famous passage between the King and the Earls of Norfolk and Hereford, when the King was defied, the two Earls, one as Marshal and the other as Constable, refusing to do service in Gascony unless the King were present. They were deprived of their offices. Finally they came to London and practically dictated tcrms. The Earl of Hereford served in Scotland in 1298.

    He married, in 1275, Maud DE FIENNES (d). She was daughter of Enguerrand DE FIENNES, SEIGNEUR DE FIENNES in Guisnes, by Isobel, sister of Jacques, SFIGNEUR DE CONDE, BAILLEUL and MORIAMMEZ in Hainault, daughter of Nicholas I, Seigneur de Conde, by Isobel, Dame of Morialme, and grandaughter of Guillaume DF FIENNES, by Agnes DE DAMMARTIN, daughter of Alberic (II), COUNT OF DAMMARTIN (a). She predeceased him, and was buried at Walden in Essex (b). He died at Pleshey, 31 December 1298, and was also buried at Walden. [Complete Peerage VI:463-6, XIV:381, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (d) See an inspeximus, 18 June 1275, (1) of a charter, dated at Oaksey, 11 June 1275, by Humphrey de Bohun [d. 24 Sep 1275], Earl of Hereford and Essex, granting to his grandson and heir, Sir Humphrey de Bohun, son of Humphrey de Bohun, his eldest son, that he should endow the noble damsel Maud de Fenes, cousin of the Queen, with 1/3 of the Earl's lands; (2) of a deed dated in London, Sunday after St. Barnabas 1275, by the said grandson, Lord of Brecknock, dowering the said Maud with 1/3 of all his own lands, in hand and to be acquired; also an inspeximus, 18 June 1275, of a bond by Queen Eleanor to Humphrey de Bohun in 1,000 marks by reason of the marriage contracted between him and her cousin Maud de Fenes to pay the said sum in specific installments; also an inspeximus, 18 June 1275, of letters patent of William de Fenles (sic), Lord of Fenles, pledging the manor of Martock, Somerset, to the Queen, who at his request had given a bond in 1,000 marks to Sir Humphrey de Bohun with his sister Maud de Fenles in marriage. On 20 July 1275 the said Humphrey and Maud were granted in tail the castle and manor of Hay, co. Brecknock. [NOTE: This would be the castle of Hay on Wye, which is literally on the border of Breconshire & Herefordshire, earlier said by CP to be in Herefordshire; see note (d) under father Humphrey de Bohun.]

    (a) Simon de Dammartin, Count of Aumale, by his wife Marie, Countess of Ponthieu (cousin german of Louis VIII of France), was father of Jeanne, Countess of Ponthieu and Aumale, who m. Ferdinand III of Castile and Leon, who was father by her of Queen Eleanor, consort of Edward I. The Countess of Hereford was therefore 2nd cousin to the Queen.

    (b) She is stated to have d. on St. Leonard's day (6 Nov), and her husband is said to have outlived her for a long while.... No trace of assignment of dower in 1298 or thereafter appears for Maud or for any widow of the Earl of Hereford and Essex. The statement that he m. a second wife therefore seems incorrect.

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    Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, Earl of Essex, and Lord High Constable. This nobleman inheriting the high and daring spirit of his predecessors, often strenuously opposed the measures of the court and was often, therefore, in disgrace, but he appears at the close of his career to have regained royal favour, for we find him attending the king into Scotland with that monarch (Edward I) obtained a great victory near Roxburgh. His lordship m. Maud, dau. of Sir Ingelram de Fiennes, and dying in 1297, was s. by his son, Humphrey de Bohun. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, London, 1883, p. 57, Bohun, Earls of Hereford, Earls of Essex, Earls of Northampton, and High Constables of England]




    Father: Humphrey VI de BOHUN , Governor of Winchester b: ABT 1228 in Caldicot, Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales
    Mother: Eleanor de BRAOSE b: 1230 in Brecknock, Breconshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Maud de FIENNES b: ABT 1250 in Wendover Manor, Buckinghamshire, England
    • Married: BEF 20 JUL 1275 4 5 6
    Children
    1. Has Children Humphrey VIII de BOHUN , Earl Hereford & Essex b: ABT 1276 in Pleshey Castle, Chelmsford, Essex, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-4
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:463-6
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:135
    4. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-4
      Text: 1275
    5. Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
      Page: John Ravilious (Therav3), 15 Jan 2002
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:463-6
      Text: 1275
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