The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03498
  • Name: Thomas IV "The Rich" 3rd Baron de BERKELEY 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BEF 1296 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England 5 6
  • Death: 27 OCT 1361 7 4
  • Burial: Berkeley Church, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • Note:
    Thomas de Berkeley, age 30+ at father's death, d. 27 Oct 1361, Lord Berkeley, Marshal in France 1340, Captain of the Scottish Marches 1342; m. (1) 1320, Margaret de Mortimer, d. 5 May 1337, daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March and Joan de Geneville; m. (2) 30 May 1347, Katherine, d. 13 Mar 1385, widow of Sir Piers le Veel, daughter and heir of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield, co. Gloucester, by Emma his wife. [Magna Charta Sureties]

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    Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley; knighted before 1322, joined with his father in Lancaster's insurrection, imprisoned until 16 Oct 1326, later Jt Custodian of Edward II 4 April 1327 but guessing what was in store for the deposed king left Berkeley Castle before the actual regicide, tried by jury of 12 knights 1330/1 as accessory to Edward's murder but acquitted, Chief Warden Glos, Worcs, and Herefs, Marshal English Army in France 1342, Capt Scottish Marches, Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre South of Trent 1345-48. [Burke's Peerage]

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    BARONY of BERKELEY (III)

    Thomas de Berkeley, Lord Berkeley, son and heir by 1st wife, who "may bee called Thomas the Rich." Knighted before 1322, and aged 30 and upwards at his father's death. He fought at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, and was taken prisoner. He was released from imprisonment in Pevensey Castle on 16 Oct 1326, and on 4 Apr 1327, was made Joint Custodian of the deposed King Edward II, whom he "curteously received" the next day at Berkeley Castle, but being commanded to deliver over the government thereof to his fellow custodian, departed therefrom to Bradley, "with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended." He was tried by a jury of 12 Knights (without protest) in 1330-1 as an accessory to the murder (g) of the deposed King, but was acquitted. In 1328 he was in the expedition against Scotland. From 14 June 1329 to 20 Nov 1360, he was summoned to Parliament, the last two writs have the addition of "Senior" thereto. In 1336 he was Chief Warden of cos. Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford; in 1340, Marshal of the English army in France; in 1342, Capt. of the Scottish Marches; Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre south of Trent 1345-48; he is stated (apparently in error) to have been, in 1346, Commander of the English forces at the battle of Crecy, and in 1361, was on an Embassy to Pope Innocent VI.

    He m. 1stly, in or shortly bef. 25 July 1320 (Papal disp. to remain married with legitimisation of past issue dated Sep 1329), Margaret, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, by Joan, de jure suo jure (according to modern doctrine) Baroness Geneville, daughter and heir of Sir Piers de Geneville (2nd but 1st surviving son and heir apparent of Geoffrey, 1st Lord Geneville). She d. 5 May 1337, being under 30, and was buried at St. Augustine's, Bristol. He m. 2ndly, 30 May 1347, at Charfield, co. Gloucester, Katharine, widow of Sir Piers le Veel, of Tortworth, in that co., and daughter and heir of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield aforesaid, by Emma, his wife. He d. 27 Oct 1361, in his 69th year, and was buried in Berkeley Church. M.I. His widow d. 13 Mar 1385, and is also buried there. [Complete Peerage II:129-30, XIV:87]

    (g) This was perpetrated with horrible barbarity by Sir John Mautravers and Sir Thomas Gurnay, the then custodians of the castle. See a detailed account in Smyth's "Berkeleys", vol i, p. 291, confirming the allusion in Gray's "Bard" to
    ...."The shrieks of death thro' Berkeley's roof that ring--
    ....Shrieks of an agonising King."

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    Thomas, 3rd baron, m. 1st, Margaret, dau. of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, and 2ndly, in 1347, Catherine, dau. of Sir John Clyvedon, widow of Sir Peter le Veel. This lord having adhered to the interest of the Queen, Mortimer, and Prince Edward, afterwards the third of that name, furnished "the only precedent," says Smith, "of a peer being tried by knights, as the peers would have been both judges and jurors." He first assumed a mitre for his crest. He was summoned to parliament from 1329 to 1360. He had issue by his 1st wife, besides his heir, three sons, who d. s. p., and one dau., Joan, wife of Sir Reginald Cobham; by his 2nd wife, had had, with three sons, who d. s. p., a 4th, John, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Beverstone. He d. 1361 and was s. by his son, Maurice, 4th baron. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 44, Berkeley, Viscount Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham, and Marquess of Berkeley]




    Father: Maurice II "Magnanimous" 2nd Baron de BERKELEY b: APR 1271 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
    Mother: Eva la ZOUCHE b: BEF 25 MAR 1280 in Harringworth, Northumberland, England

    Marriage 1 Margaret de MORTIMER b: AFT 1307 in Wigmore, Ludlow, Herefordshire, England
    • Married: BEF 25 JUL 1320 in 1st wife 8 9
    Children
    1. Has Children Joan de BERKELEY b: ABT 1325 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
    2. Has Children Mabel BERKELEY b: ABT 1328 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
    3. Has Children Maurice IV "The Valiant" 4th Baron de BERKELEY b: 1330 in Berkeley Castle, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England

    Marriage 2 Katherine CLYVEDON b: ABT 1325 in Charfield, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, England
    • Married: 30 MAY 1347 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 7 9
    Children
    1. Has Children John de BERKELEY , of Beverstone, MP, Sir b: 21 JAN 1351/52 in Wotton-under-Edge, Dursley, Gloucestershire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 28B-8, 80-6, 80a-6
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 255
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: III:353
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:129-30
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 80-6
      Text: age 30+ at father's death
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:129-30
      Text: 30+ at father's death
    7. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 80-6
    8. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 80-6
      Text: 1320
    9. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: II:130
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