The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I03486
  • Name: Adela of NORMANDY , Princess of England 1 2 3
  • Sex: F
  • ALIA: Adela Princess of /England/
  • Birth: ABT 1062 in Rouen, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France 2 4
  • Death: 8 MAR 1136/37 1 5
  • Note: Adela, French ADÉLE (b. 1062?--d. 1137), daughter of William I the Conqueror of England and his wife, Matilda of Flanders, and mother of Stephen, king of England, whose right to the throne derived through her. She was married to Stephen, earl of Meaux and Brie, in 1080 at Breteuil. Upon the death of his father in 1090, her husband succeeded to the earldom of Blois and Chartres. She appears to have played an active role in the administration of her husband's lands, regularly witnessing his charters, took an active interest in civil and ecclesiastical affairs, and was instrumental in rebuilding the catherdral of Chartres in stone. Having inherited her father's appetite and ability to rule, she became regent in 1095 when she persuaded her popular but weak-willed husband to join the First Crusade to the Holy Land. Although in charge of the central funds of the Crusade, Stephen deserted at Antioch in 1098, understandably enough in face of overwhelming odds. Unfortunately for his reputation, the crusaders survived and succeeded in capturing Jerusalem in 1099. After Stephen's return home in 1099, Adela waged a sustained campaign of bullying and moral blackmail that extended into their bedroom where, between intercourse, she would urge Stephen to think of his reputation and return to the Holy Land. In the end, her nagging worked and Stephen departed east once more in 1101, to meet a satisfactorily noble death at Ramlah in 1102. No longer a coward's wife but more congenially a hero's widow, Adela continued to rule Blois-Chartres during the minority of her sons. Anselm, her guest and teacher in 1097, was often entertained by her during 1103 and 1105 and she affected a temporary reconciliation between him and her brother, Henry I, who lavished patronage on her second son, Stephen, and appointed a third, Henry, bishop of Winchester, the richest see in England. In 1107 Adela entertained Pope Pascal during Easter and in the following year was hostess to Bohemund of Antioch. She made her son Theobald her successor in 1109, and persuaded him to join her brother Henry I against France in 1117. In 1120 she retired to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire where she died in 1137. By all accounts a forceful personality, Adela's qualities were not uncommon among women artistocrats, although more often they found an outlet in the running of nunneries. Adela's secular career, as de facto ruler for more than a decade of one of the most powerful principalities of northern France, is exceptional testimony to the power of breeding as well as to her own determination. She was a benevolent patroness of churches and monasteries. Although married to a French count and living to see a son crowned king of England, she chose to be buried beside her mother at Caen under an inscription 'Adela, filia regis'. She was always the Conqueror's daughter. [Sources: Who's Who in Early Medieval England, Christopher Tyerman, Shepheard-Walwyn, Ltd., London, 1996; Encyclopædia Britannica CD, 1997]



    Father: William I "The Conqueror" King of ENGLAND b: 14 OCT 1027 in Falaise, Calvados, Normandy, France
    Mother: Maud (Matilda) of FLANDERS b: 1032 in Flanders, France

    Marriage 1 Stephen "Le Sage" Comte de Champagne & BLOIS b: ABT 1046 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France
    • Married: ABT 1080 in Breteuil, Eure, Normandy, France 2 4
    Children
    1. Has Children William "Simple" de CHAMPAGNE , Comte Chartres b: ABT 1080 in Champagne, France
    2. Has Children Agnes de BLOIS b: ABT 1090 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France
    3. Has Children Theobald IV Comte de BLOIS , (II) de Champagne b: 1093 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France
    4. Has No Children Maud de BLOIS b: ABT 1095 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France
    5. Has Children Stephen I de Blois King of ENGLAND b: ABT 1097 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France

    Sources:
    1. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: United Kingdom, Ancestry of the British Royal House
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 137-23
    3. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 15
      Text: Adela of England
    4. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 15
    5. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
      Page: 15
      Text: 1137
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