The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03424
  • Name: Geoffrey FITZPIERS , 4th Earl of Essex 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 04th Earl of /Essex/, Geoffrey FitzPiers
  • Name: Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE , 4th Earl of Essex
  • Birth: BEF 1163 in Pleshey, Chelmsford, Essex, England 3 2
  • Death: 14 OCT 1213 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England 4 2
  • Burial: Shouldham Priory, Downham, Norfolk, England
  • Note:
    EARLDOM OF ESSEX (IV) 1199

    GEOFFREY FITZ PIERS, 2nd son, but eventually heir, of Piers de Lutegareshale, by Maud, his wife (c). He was a Justice of the Forest, 1185-89, Sheriff of Northants, 1184-89 and 1191-Easter 1994; and of Essex and Herts, 1190-93. Under-Sheriff of co. Stafford, 1197-8. He was appointed Justiciar of England on or just before 11 July 1198, and held this office till his death. Shortly after his appointment he defeated the Welsh at Castle Maud. Sheriff of co. York, 1198-1200, and of co. Stafford, 1198-1204.

    He m. 1stly, before 25 Jan 1184/5, Beatrice, elder daughter and coheir of William de Say abovenamed. In 1190 he obtained, for a fine of 3,000 marks, the lands to which his wife's grandmother, Beatrice, mother of the said William, had become heir on the death of her nephew, William Earl of Essex; moreover, he received, as from Easter 1190, the third penny of the county of Essex (c2). With Archbishop Hubert and the Marshal, he persuaded the magnates to swear fealty to King John, who, at the Coronation, 27 May 1199, girded him with the sword of the EARLDOM OF ESSEX. He was Sheriff of Westmorland, 1199-Easter 1200; of Beds and Bucks, 1199-1204; of Hants, and of Salop, East 1201-1204; and of co. York, 1202-Dec 1204. On 26 Apr 1204, the King gave him the manor of Aylesbury, at fee farm, to him and his heirs to hold at a rent of 60 pounds a years, and by the service of a knight's fee. His wife d. in childbed, before 19 Apr 1197, and was buried in Chicksand Priory, but was transferred thence to Shouldham Priory. He m. 2ndly, before 29 May 1205, Aveline, widow of William de Munchanesy, of Swanscombe, Kent, Winfarthing and Gooderstone, Norfolk, &c. (who d. shortly before 7 May 1204), and daughter of Roger (de Clare), Earl of Clare, or of Hertford, by Maud, daughter and heir of James de Saint Hilaire, of Dalling, Great & Little Carbrooke, Norfolk, &c. On 11 Sep 1208 the King gave him Queenhithe in London, to him and his heirs, at a rent of 30 pounds a year, and a payment of 60s a year to the Lepers of St. Giles' without London; and, on 24 July 1213, the forest of Huntingdon between Kimbolton and Melchbourne, to him and his heirs. He d. 14 Oct 1213, and was buried in Shouldham Priory, which he had founded before 15 June 1198. His widow, who held the manor of Towcester, Northants, in free marriage, was living 22 Nov 1220, and d. before 4 June 1225. [Complete Peerage V:122-5]

    (c) On 8 May 1198 Geoffrey had caused the body of his father, who had died a monk at Winchester, to be transferred from the cemetery of the monks into the church.

    (c2) The heir to the Earldom, by the charter of Henry II, was the elder Beatrice, and Geoffrey fitz Piers was not formally invested till after her death, though he had received the third penny of the county as from Easter 1190. It is noticeable that, to the end of his life, he is, as often as not, styled Galfidus filius Petri only, in Chancery writs. The name of the elder Beatrice does not occur in the Pipe Rolls tempore Richard I.

    -------------------

    Upon the decease of William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex, much dispute arose regarding the inheritance: Beatrix, his aunt and heir, in the first place, preferring her claim, sent Geoffrey de Say, her younger son, to transact the business for the livery thereof, but Geoffrey FitzPiers insisted upon the right of Beatrix, his wife. Nevertheless, Geoffrey de Say, in consideration of 7,000 marks promised to be paid on a certain day, obtained an instrument in right of his mother, under the king's seal, for the whole of the barony, but the said Geoffrey de Say, making default of payment, this Geoffrey FitzPiers, being a man of great wealth and reputation, made representation that the barony was the right of his wife and, promising to pay the money, obtained livery thereof and procured the king's confirmation of his title. One of the earliest acts of this feudal lord was to dispossess the monks of Walden of certain lands which they had derived from his predecessors, a proceeding followed by a long controversy, which, after being referred to the Pope and the King, was finally compromised. Upon the removal of Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, from the office of Justice of England by Richard I, this Geoffrey was appointed to succeed him, and at the coronation of King John, 26 June, 1199, he was girt with the sword as Earl of Essex, and then served at the king's table. Being nominated patron of the monastery at Walden, he appears soon after to have been received with great ceremony by the monks and perfectly reconciled to those holy fathers. In the 7th King John, he had a grant of the castle and honour of Berkhamstead, with the knights' fees thereunto belonging to hold to him and the heirs of his body, by Aveline, his 2nd wife. His lordship m. 1st, Beatrix de Say, by whom he had issue, Geoffrey, William, Henry, all of whom assumed the name of Mandeville, and Maud, m. to Robert de Bohun. He m. 2ndly, Aveline ---, and had an only son, John FitzPiers, Lord of Berkhamstead. His lordship, whom Matthew Paris characterizes as "ruling the reins of government so that after his death the realm was like a ship in a tempest without a pilot," d. 2 October, 1213, and was s. by his eldest son, Geoffrey de Mandeville. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, England, 1883, p. 353, Mandeville, Earls of Essex]




    Father: Piers de LUTEGARESHALE b: ABT 1134 in Cherhill, Calne, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Maud b: 1138 in Costow, Swindon, Wiltshire, England

    Marriage 1 Beatrix de SAY , 4th Countess of Essex b: ABT 1163 in Kimbolton, St Neots, Huntingdonshire, England
    • Married: BEF 25 JAN 1184/85 in 1st wife 5 2
    Children
    1. Has Children Geoffrey de MANDEVILLE , 5th Earl of Essex b: ABT 1184 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England
    2. Has Children Maud FITZGEOFFREY , Countess of Essex b: ABT 1185 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England
    3. Has Children William de MANDEVILLE , 6th Earl of Essex b: ABT 1186 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England
    4. Has No Children Maud (Matilda) FITZGEOFFREY b: ABT 1188 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England

    Marriage 2 Aveline de CLARE b: ABT 1168 in Hereford, Herefordshire, England
    • Married: BEF 29 MAY 1205 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 6
    Children
    1. Has Children Cecily FITZGEOFFREY b: ABT 1206 in Shere, Guildford, Surrey, England
    2. Has Children John FITZGEOFFREY , Justiciar of Ireland, Sir b: ABT 1208 in Shere, Guildford, Surrey, England
    3. Has Children Hawise FITZGEOFFREY b: ABT 1210 in Streatley, Berkshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 4-3, 18-1, 153a-4, 160-3
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:122-5
    3. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 246c-27
      Text: adult 1184
    4. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-1, 160-3
    5. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 160-3
    6. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: IX:420
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