The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I03339
  • Name: Henry de BOHUN , 1st Earl of Hereford, MCS 1 2 3 4 5
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 05th\1st Earl of /Hereford/, Henry de Bohun
  • Birth: 1176 in Oaksey, Malmsbury, Wiltshire, England 6
  • Death: 1 JUN 1220 in On a pilgrimage to Holy Land 6 3 5
  • Event: Bullet 1215 MAGNA CHARTA SURETY
  • Burial: Llanthony-by-Gloucester Priory, Gloucestershire, England
  • Note:
    Henry de Bohun, Magna Charta Surety 1215, son of Humphrey de Bohun IV and Margaret de Huntingdon, born 1176, died 1 Jun 1220, sheriff of Kent, 1st Earl of Hereford 1200-1290, hereditary Constable of England; married Maud Fitz Geoffrey, died 1236, Countess of Essex, daughter of Geoffrey Fitz Piers, died 1213, Earl of Essex, and Beatrix de Say, daughter of William de Say. [Magna Charta Sureties]

    Note: It is not my error in typing (but probably MCS's); Henry appears to have been Earl of Hereford until 1290, which was 70 years after his death!

    ------------------------------

    EARLDOM OF HEREFORD (V, 1) 1200

    HENRY DE BOHUN, hereditary Constable of England, was son and heir of Humphrey DE BOHUN, also hereditary Constable of England, by Margaret, widow of Conan (le Petit), DUKE of BRITTANY and EARL OF RiCHMOND, and daughter of PRINCE HENRY OF SCOTLAND (d), EARL OF HUNTINGDON, by Ada, daughter of William (DE WARENNE), EARL OF SURREY, and grandson of another Humphrey de Bohun by Margaret, eldest daughter and eventually coheir of Miles (of Gloucester), Earl of Hereford and Constable of England. Having inheritcd through his aforesaid grandmother the principal estates of the former earls, he was created, 28 April 1200, by charter dated at Porchester, EARL OF HEREFORD. After the coronation he was sent (1200) with the Bishop of Durham and the Earl of Norfolk to conduct his uncle William, King of Scotland, to do homage at Lincoln. Siding with the Barons, he was one of the 25 appointed to secure the observance of the Great Charter, and was among those excornmunicated by the Pope. After the death of King John he adhered to the party of Louis of France, and fought at the Battle of Lincoln, where he was taken prisoner 20 May 1217. In 1220, he appears to have started on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

    He married Maud, sister and (in 1227) heir of William (de MANDEVILLE), EARL OF ESSEX, and daughter of Geoffrey (FITZPIERS), EARL OF ESSEX, by his 1st wife, Beatrice, eldest daughter and coheir of William DE SAY, of Kimbolton, Hunts, and Saham, Norfolk. He died 1 June 1220, and was buried in the chapter house of Llanthony Priory outside Gloucester (b). His widow was dowered in the manor of Wokeseie [Oaksey, Wilts] until Humphrey, son and heir of the Earl, should have assigned dower, saving to her also the manor of Witehurst [Wheatenhurst, co. Gloucesterj, which the King had delivered to her, it having been given by Geoffrey FitzPiers, father of the said Countess, to Henry, Earl of Hereford, for the marriage of his said daughter (c). She married, 2ndly, Roger DE DAUNTESEYE, of Dauntsey, co. Wilts. On the death of her brother, the said William (de Mandeville), Earl of Essex (8 January 1226/7), sbe appears to have become suo jure COUNTESS OF ESSEX. She and Roger de Daunteseye, her second husband, had livery of her inheritance 29 October 1227 and 22 February 1227/8, and thus Pleshey Castle in Essex and another great estate, together with the Earldom of Essex, came to the de Bohuns (e). On 24 April 1233 (a divorce having been pronounced. in court christian in ecclesiastical form, between Roger de Daunteseye and Maud, Countess of Hereford, late his wife) she had livery of her inheritance then in the hands of the said Roger, but after revocation of the sentence of divorce the said Roger had livery of her lands in July 1236. She died 27 August 1236: he was living in August 1238. [Complete Peerage VI:457-9, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]

    (d) Henry de Bohun was thus nephew to William, the Lion, King of Scotland, and uncle of the half blood to the unfortunate Prince Arthur, son of Geoffrey (elder brother of King John) by Constance of Brittany, only child of Conan le Petit.

    (e) For some account of the earlier de Bohuns (surnamed Bohon in Normandy) see Dugdale, 'Baronage', vol i, p. 179, etc. Humphre de Bohun, who m. the daughter of Miles, was steward to Henry I, and as such witnessed that King's charter to Bec Abbey in 1131. As "dapifer" he witnessed King Stephen's Charter of Liberties in 1136. Later as a follower of the Empress he had a charter of confirmation from her of all the lands he held at the death of Henry I. In 1166 Margaret de Bohun certified the knights' fees of those who had been enfeoffed in the time of King Henry in the fee of Miles of Gloucester, her father, in Gloucester. She as is stated, d. 6 Apr 1187, and was buried at Llanthony outside Gloucester. Her son, Humphrey de Bohun, was not Earl of Hereford, but was recognised as constable, and as constable of the King of the English he appears in a charter by him (1172-1181) to the Priory of Bohon for the health of his wife, the Countess Margaret... His inheritance was in Wiltshire. He d. not many year after 1175/6. His wife Margaret (Duchess of Brittany) d. 1201. Their son, Henry de Bohun [the subject of this text], owed in 1197/8 300 marks for the fine of the Gloucestershire land which belonged to Margaret de Bohun [nee. Margaret of Gloucester], his grandmorther; in 1204/5 he owed for having seisin of 20 knights' fees in the honour of Huntingdon adjudged to her in the time of Richard I; and in 1211/12 (Scutage of Wales) he accounted for 17 knights' fees, Piers FitzHerbert holding 1/3 thereof.

    (b) As was also his son Henry, who d. young.

    (c) That Wheatenhurst was not held by the service of being Constable of England has already been shown by J.H. Round. For the arguments with regard to the other manors alleged to have been so held--namely Oaksey, Caldicot, and Haresfield--see Idem, and the same writer.

    (e) To obtain the inheritance of the said Maud an agreement had been made with William (Marshal), Earl of Pembroke, and Roger de Dauntseye and Maud his wife were summoned to warrant to the Earl the manor of Compton which he held of them by their deed. The Earl contended that he had fulfilled his part of the contract because the King had delivered the honour of Essex to them.

    ------------------------------

    Henry de Bohun, who in reality was the 1st Earl of Hereford of this family, being so created by charter of King John, dated 28 April, 1199, but the constableship he inherited from his father. His lordship, taking part with the barons against King John, had his lands sequestered, but they were restored at the signing of Magna Carta, at Runnymede, the earl being one of the twenty-five lords appointed there to enforce the observance of the celebrated charters. His lordship was subsequently excommunicated by the pope and he became a prisoner at the battle of Lincoln in the 1st year of Henry III [1216-17]. He m. Maud, dau. of Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex, and eventually heiress of her brother, William de Mandeville, last Earl of Essex of that family, by whom he acquired the honour of Essex and other extensive lordships, ---and had issue, Henry, d. young, Humphrey, and Ralph, and a dau. Margery, who m. Waleran, Earl of Warwick. His lordship d. 1 January 1220 and was s. by his son, Humphrey de Bohun. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, London, 1883, p. 57, Bohun, Earls of Hereford, Earls of Essex, Earls of Northampton, and High Constables of England]




    Father: Humphrey IV "The Young" de BOHUN , of Caldicot b: 1143 in Trowbridge, Melksham, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Margaret de HUNTINGDON b: 1144 in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England

    Marriage 1 Maud FITZGEOFFREY , Countess of Essex b: ABT 1185 in Saffron Walden, Essex, England
    • Married: in 1st husband 7
    Children
    1. Has Children Humphrey V de BOHUN , 2nd Earl Hereford&Essex b: 1208 in Caldicot, Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales

    Sources:
    1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-1, 160-4
    2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1378
    3. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 97-27
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:134
      Text: husband of Maud de Mandeville
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:457-9
    6. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
      Page: 18-1
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: V:134
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