The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03261
  • Name: Stephen de SEGRAVE 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: BEF 1179 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England 3 2
  • Death: BEF 16 OCT 1241 in Leicester Abbey, Leicestershire, England 4 5
  • Death: 9 NOV 1241
  • Note:
    STEPHEN DE SEGRAVE, son and heir, ante 1200 witnessed a grant to Chaucombe Priory. In 1206, with William Picot, he was custos of the pleas of the Crown for co. Leicester; in 1207 a party to a plea concerning the charters of the mill of Warwick; and in 1208 attorney for the Prior of the Hospital of Jerusalem. On 10 February 1214/5 he was sent with others to the Earls and Barons of co. Worcester to expound the King's business. He received numerous grants of land from 1215/6 to 1233/4. From January 1217/8 he was constantly engaged in judicial duties. On 18 July 1218 he was to have seisin, with another, of the lands in cos. Warwick and Leicester of Earl Simon de Montfort deceased. On 21 July 1219 he was going on the King's affairs to the Legate. He was one of the King's proctors in the dispute with Alexander, King of the Scots; in 1220 he joined in advising the King to make an agreement with Richard I's widow, Queen Berengaria. He was given the custody of the castle of Sauvey, 29 June 1220; on 16 November 1220, of the counties of Essex and Herts; on 13 December 1220, of the honor of Boulogne. On 29 July 1221 he was given 20 marks for repairing the wall of the bailey of the Tower of London; on 18 February 1221/2, he was given custody of co. Lincoln; on 4 March 1221/2 Hedingham Castle; on 30 December 1223 the castle of Lincoln with the county; on 7 January 1223/4 the castle of Hertford. In 1226-28 he was on Commissions. In 1229 he was Chief Justice. On 8 November 1229 he was to have whole profits of cos. Northampton, Bedford and Buckingham for the custody of Northampton Castle. On 28 April 1230 Hubert de Burgh, the justiciar, having crossed to France with the King, the government of the realm was entrusted to the Bishop of Chichester (the Chancellor) and Stephen de Segrave. In 1230 he was sheriff of cos. Buckingham, Bedford, Worcester, Leicester and Northampton; in April 1231, with R. Bishop of Chichester and others, he heard the dispute between the King and the citizens of London as to the Liberty of Queenhithe. On 12 March 1231/2 he was sent to the Marches to put in order irreguIarities after the truce with Llewelin, and in May 1232 with others to meet Llewelin's envoys and wife and bring them to the King; and in December 1232 he was a Commissioner to treat with Llewelin's envoys at Shrewsbury. On 28 May 1232 he was given custody of castle of Kenilworth; and on 28 July 1232 of Northampton Castle, and the counties of Northants, Bedford, Buckingham, Warwick and Leicester for life with all profits. In 1232 Stephen was made Justiciar on the fall of Hubert de Burgh, who was ordered on 8 August to hand over to him the castles of Dover &c. and the Tower of London. In 1233, with Piers Bishop of Winchester and Robert Passelewe, he was advising the King on all matters of state, and was with the King in October-November on his journey to Hereford, when his horses and baggage were taken at Grosmont. In 1234 Richard Siward laid waste Seagrave, and later Alconbur, co. Hunts; on 14 June 1234 the King reproached Stephen for the commission of the faults with which he had charged Hubert de Burgh, and ordered him to restore the manors granted to him for his maintenance as justiciar, with the castle of Newcastle-under-Lyme, held by Stephen's son Gilbert; and summoned him, with the Bishop of Winchester and others, to attend on 24 June and render an account of his receipts and expenses; whereupon Stephen fled to Leicester Abbey; but he appeared on the appointed day under the Archbishop's protection, and was reproached by the King with his share in the fall of Hubert de Burgh, and with his own misdeeds, and ordered to deliver his account. He was removed from the Council and the justiciarship and deprived of castles and manors; but after 2 February 1234/5 he was reconciled to the King on making a heavy payment, although not received back into favour. On 25 December 1235 he was about to go to Court, and in May-June 1236 he was received into favour. In 1239 he was recalled to the Council and was busily occupied in its affairs, in spite of his years, becoming the King's chief counsellor; with the King, Queen and Earl Richard he was excepted from general excommunication by Archbishop of Canterbury.

    He married, 1stly, Rohese, sister of Hugh DESPENSER, daughter of Thomas DESPENSER, and 2ndly, Ida, sister of Henry DE HASTINGS. He died in 1241 at Leicester Abbey (h). His widow married, without licence, Hugh PECHE. She died shortly before 2 March 1288/9, and was buried in the church of the Grey Friars, London. [Complete Peerage XI:597-601, XIV:576, transcribed by Dave Utzinger]

    (h) The date of death is given by M. Paris as 9 Nov 1241, but on 16 Oct 1241 the King gave orders for the purchase of a silken pall to cover the tomb of Stephen de Segrave, who had gone the way of all flesh, and that the cost should be repaid.

    --------------------

    Stephen de Segrave; of age by 1200; Keeper of: Sauvey Castle June 1220, Essex and Herts Nov 1220, the Honour of Boulogne Dec 1220, Lincs March 1221/2, Hedingham Castle, Essex March 1221/2, Lincoln Castle and Lincs Dec 1223, Hertford Castle Jan 1223/4, Northampton Castle 1229; appointed a guardian of England in Henry III's absence in France 1230; Sheriff of Beds, Bucks, Leics, Northants and Worcs 1230; Commissioner to negotiate with Llewelyn Prince of North Wales 1232; Keeper of: Kenilworth Castle May 1232, Northampton Castle July 1232 and Beds, Bucks, Leics, Northants and Warwicks for life; Justiciar of England 1232; a principal advisor to Henry III 1233; married 1st Rohese, sister of Hugh Despenser; married 2nd Ida, sister of Henry de Hastings, and died 1241. [Burke's Peerage]

    --------------------

    Stephen de Segrave, who, in the 5th King John [1204], was constable of the Tower of London, and, remaining faithful to that monarch in his conflicts with the barons, obtained a grant (17th John) [1216] of the lands of Stephen de Gant, lying in the cos. Lincoln and Leicester, with the manor of Kintone, co. Warwick. In the 4th Henry III [1220], he was made governor of Saubey Castle, Leicestershire, and the next year constituted sheriff of the cos. Essex and Hertford, and afterwards of Leicestershire. In the 8th of the same reign, he was governor of the castle at Hertford, and in two years after, one of the justices itinerant in the cos. Nottingham and Derby. About this period we find this successful person, whom Matthew Paris says, in his young days "from a clerk was made a knight," acquiring large landed property by purchase. In the 13th Henry III [1229], he bought the manor of Cotes, in the co. Derby, from the daus. and heirs of Stephen de Beauchamp, and he afterwards purchase from Ranulph, Earl of Chester and Lincoln, all the lands which that nobleman possessed at Mount Sorrell, co. Leicester, without the castle, as also two carucates and a half lying at Segrave which himself and his ancestors had previously held at the rent of 14s. per annum. In the 16th Henry III, he obtained a grant of the custody of the castle and county of Northampton, as also of the cos. Bedford, Buckingham, Warwick, and Leicester, for the term of his life, taking the whole profit of all those shires for his support in that service, excepting the ancient farms which had usually been paid into the exchequer.

    Having been of the king's council for several years, as also chief justice of the Common Pleas, he succeeded, in the 16th Henry III, Hubert de Burgh in the great office of justiciary of England, being at the same time constituted governor of Dover, Canterbury, Rochester, &c., and constable of the Tower of London. After this we find him, however, opposed by the bishops and barons and his manor house at Segrave burnt to the ground by the populace, as well as another mansion in the co. Huntingdon. The king, too, in this perilous crisis, deserted him and cited him, along with Peter de Rupibus, bishop of Winchester, and others who had been in power, to appear forthwith at court in order to answer any charge regarding the wasting of the public treasure, which might be preferred against them. Some of those persons, conscious of guilt, fled to sanctuary, and Stephen de Segrave sought an asylum in the abbey of Leicester, where he openly declared that he was and had been a priest, and that he resolved to shave his crown again to be a canon of that house. Nevertheless, upon second thoughts, he braved the storm and appeared at court under the archbishop's protection, where the king called him a wicked traitor, and told him that it was under his advice that he had displaced Hubert de Burgh from the office of justiciary and cast that eminent person into prison, nay, that had he gone the full length of his council, Hubert would have been hanged, and divers of the nobility banished. In twelve months subsequently, however, Stephen de Segrave made his peace by paying 1000 marks to the king, and he afterwards grew again into such favour that, in the 21st Henry III [1237], he was the means of reconciling the king with some of his most hostile barons. Subsequently he was made justice of Chester and the king's chief councillor, and "being now," says Dugdale, "advanced in years, deported himself by experience of former times with much more temper and moderation than heretofore."

    This eminent person m. twice - 1st, Rohese, dau. of Thomas le Despencer, and 2ndly, Ida, sister of Henry de Hastings, with whom he had in frank-marriage, the manor of Bruneswaver, co. Warwick. of Stephen de Segrave, so distinguished in the reign of Henry III, Matthew Paris, thus speaks -- "This Stephen, though come of no high parentage, was in his youth, of a clerk made a knight; and in his latter days, through his prudence and valour, so exalted that he had the reputation of one of the chief men of the realm, managing the greatest affairs as he pleased. In doing whereof, he more minded his own profit than the common good, yet for some good deeds and making a discreet testament, he d. with much honour." He departed this life in 1241, and was s. by his son, Gilbert de Segrave. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 484, Segrave, Barons Segrave of Barton Segrave]




    Father: Gilbert de SEGRAVE , Sir b: 1144 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England

    Marriage 1 Rohese le DESPENSER , Heiress of Burton b: ABT 1188 in Burton-on-the-Wolds, Loughborough, Leicestershire, England
    • Married: in 1st wife 6 2
    Children
    1. Has No Children John de SEGRAVE b: ABT 1207 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England
    2. Has Children Gilbert de SEGRAVE , Sir b: BEF 1211 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England

    Marriage 2 Ida de HASTINGS b: ABT 1220 in Ashill, Swaffham, Norfolk, England
    • Married: BEF 1239 in 1st husband 2nd wife 7

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1029, 2025
    2. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:597-601
    3. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2025
      Text: of age by 1200
    4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1029
      Text: 1241
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:601 note (h)
    6. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2025
    7. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2025
      Text: no date, 2nd wife
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