The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

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  • ID: I03253
  • Name: Nicholas 1st Baron de SEGRAVE , Sir 1 2 3
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1238 in Great Dalby, Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England 4 3
  • Death: BEF 12 NOV 1295 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England 5 3
  • Burial: Chacombe Priory, Northamptonshire, England
  • Note:
    BARONY OF SEGRAVE (I) 1295

    Nicholas de Segrave, s. and h., aged 16 on 17 Dec. 1254, on 18 Apr. 1258 had done homage and was to have his lands. On 28 Mar. 1259 he was going on pilgrimage to Pontigny. He was crossing with the King to France, 28 Oct. 1259. On 27 Mar. 1260 he was sum. to London with his service. On 16 Sep. 1261, before the King at Windsor, he swore to hold with the King and do his service faithfully and never to oppose him; 21 Oct. 1261, sum. to come without delay with horses and arms. In May 1262 at Parl. in London against the King; July 1263, to be with the King at Worcester on 1 Aug., there to he knighted by him and to go with him into Wales. He was at the siege of Rochester with the Earl of Gloucester, Henry de Hastings and others in Apr. 1264 and on 14 May commanded the Londoners at the battle of Lewes (c). He was granted the custody of the castle of Rockingham and of the King’s forests between the bridges of Oxford and Stamford, 17 June 1264; 13/24 Dec. 1264, sum. to London to treat upon the delivery of Prince Edward. On 16 Feb. 1264/5, with the Earl of Leicester and others, he was forbidden to tourney at Dunstable; and was ordered to treat with the King for the liberation of his son Edward. On . Aug. 1265 he was wounded and taken prisoner at the battle of Evesham, and on 25 Oct. 1265 his lands were granted to Edmund the King’s son; but on 28 Apr. 1266 he was coming to the King’s court to treat of his peace. In 1267 Prince Edward entered the Isle of Ely on its surrender by Robert Pecche, Nicholas de Segrave and other captains, who on 11 Apr. fled to Southwark and were received by the Earl of Gloucester. On 1 July 1267, he was pardoned and admitted into the King’s peace. On 12 May 1270, he was going with the King and Prince Edward to the Holy Land. He was sum, to serve in Wales in 1276, 1277, 1282 and 1283. On 28 June 1283, sum. to Shrewsbury to treat with David ap Grithth; 2 Jan. 1284/5, going to Ireland. He was in various Commissions, 1290-94; 6 July 1291 and 28 Apr. 1292, staying in Scotland on the King’s service. He was sum. to Parl, at Westm. on 24 June (1295) 23 Edw. I by writ directed _Nich[ola]o de Segrave seniori_, whereby he is held to have become LORD SEGRAVE.

    He m. Maud (d). He d. before 12 Nov. 1295, and was bur. at Chaucombe priory. [Complete Peerage, XI:603-5, transcribed by Curt Hofemann)

    (c) The Londoners received the first attack by Prince Edward, and were routed.

    (d) On 28 Aug. 1288 she and her husband complained that she was assaulted at Eccleshale, co. Warwick, and thrown out of the vehicle in which she was riding and that a cart laden with victuals and other goods was carried off. Nichols, _op. cit._, vol. iii, pt. i, p. 240 sets out a copy of a MS. formerly at Naworth Castle, being an account of the descendants of the marriage of Gilbert de Segrave and Amabil de Chaucombe. Nicholas’ wife is there stated to have been Maud Lucy. The MS. appears to have been a genealogy of the founders of Chaucombe Priory. There is no record of any assignment of dower.

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    Nicholas de Segrave, 1st Lord (Baron) Segrave, so created by writ of summons to Parliament 24 June 1295; born c1238; apparently knighted 1 Aug 1263; with others of the magnates opposed to Henry III laid siege to Rochester April 1264; also commanded the London contingent at the Battle of Lewes 14 May 1264; in addition fought at Battle of Evesham 1265 (wounded and captured, subsequently seeking pardon 1266 and receiving it 1267); called up for military service against Welsh 1276, 1277, 1282 and 1283; attended 1283 a meeting at Shrewsbury which in a House of Lords decision 1877 was deemed to be a Parliament, hence to have been capable of creating peerages by writ, though this decision is now held to be flawed; married Maud, possibly daughter of ? Lucy, and died by 12 Nov 1295. [Burke's Peerage]

    -----------------------------------

    Nicholas de Segrave, who, in the 43rd Henry III [1259], attended that monarch into Frances, but soon after espoused the cause of the barons and became one of their most active leaders. In the 47th of Henry's reign [1263], he was amongst those who appeared openly in arms and fortified Northampton, for which proceeding his lands were seized by the crown. Upon the subsequent fall of Northampton to the royalists, Nicholas de Segrave fled to London, where the citizens having raised a large army for the barons made him their general. At the head of this force, he marched with Gilbert de Clare and Henry de Hastings to the siege of Rochester, and thence to Lewes, at which place the celebrated battle, so disastrous to the king, commenced by a charge made by Segrave and the head of the Londoners; in this, however, he was worsted by Prince Edward who, flushed with success, pursued his advantage too far and thus mainly contributed to the defeat which the royal arms sustained. This issue of this battle is well known. The king, Prince Edward, and the chief of their adherents became prisoners to the rebels who followed up their triumph by immediately summoning a parliament in the king's name, to which Nicholas de Segrave was summoned as Baron Segrave, 24 December, 1264. But the tide soon ebbing, he was among the defeated at Evesham where he was wounded and make prisoner. He was, however, admitted to the benefit of the Dictum of Kenilworth, and obtained a full pardon with restoration of his lands which had been seized. In four years afterwards, he attended Prince Edward to the Holy Land and when that prince ascended the throne, he appears to have enjoyed a large share of royal favour. In the 4th year of Edward's reign [1276], he was with the king in a campaign against the Welsh and was subsequently employed in Scotland and Ireland, having had a second summons to parliament 24 June, 1295. His lordship m. Maud de Lucy, by whom he had issue, John, Nicholas, Geoffrey, Peter, Gilbert, and Annabel. Lord Segrave d. 1295, and was s. by his eldest son, John de Segrave, 2nd baron. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 484, Segrave, Barons Segrave of Barton Segrave]




    Father: Gilbert de SEGRAVE , Sir b: BEF 1211 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England
    Mother: Amabilia de CHAUCOMBE b: ABT 1216 in Chalcombe, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England

    Marriage 1 Maud de LUCY b: ABT 1238 in Copeland, Whitehaven, Cumberland, England
      Children
      1. Has Children John 2nd Baron de SEGRAVE & Penn, Sir b: ABT 1256 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England
      2. Has Children Nicholas 1st Baron SEGRAVE , of Barton & Stowe b: BEF JUN 1261 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England
      3. Has Children Eleanor de SEGRAVE , Heir of Great Dalby b: 1270 in Seagrave, Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire, England

      Sources:
      1. Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999
        Page: 90-5
      2. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 2025, 3100
      3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
        Page: XI:603-5
      4. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
        Page: 2025
      5. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
        Page: 31-29
        Text: actually says 1395 instead of 1295 - assume typo.
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