Name: Leopold I "The Illustrious" Margrave of AUSTRIA 1 2
Birth: BEF 932 in Peochlam, Niedereosterreich, Austria 2
Death: 10 JUL 994 in Wurzburg, Unterfrank, Bavaria 2
Death: 984 1
The following information is from a post-em by Curt Hoffeman, curt_hofemann AT yahoo.com:
Birth: ABT 937 in Peochlam, Niedeneosterreich, Austria
I know it is all over the net that he was born in Peochlam, but consider that the eastern part of what is now Austria was invaded & controlled for 50-60 years by the Magyars until Otto I with a force of 20,000 men annihilated a force of 40,000 Magyars (all but 7 died) in 955. I don't think any record says where he was born but it was more likely in the Bamberg region. Not only did the Magyar control Austria, but they successfully attacked Bavaria itself & killed his grandfather.
Here are my misc. notes (much repetition):
Luitpold (aka Leopold) I von Babenberg called "der Durchlauchtige" (the Illustrious)
976-994: Margrave of Austria [Ref: Tapsell p227]
Count of the East Mark (Austria) [Ref: Moriarty p57]
Count in East Mark of Bavaria [Ref: Moriarty, Turton]
Mgv. of the Ostmark [Ref: ES I:15]
Count in Donaugau [Ref: Royalty for Commoners 279:35]
0976: given the Markgrafship of Austria by the Emperor Otto II with the duty to secure the border, and expand to the east against the Hungarians [Ref: Der Babenberger]
976-994: Markgraf der Bayrischen Ostmark [Ref: Maroslav Marek http://genealogy.euweb.cz/babenberg/babenberg.html] (Margrave or military governor of the Bavarian East Mark, a border territory at that time, of the HRE...Curt)
962: Graf (Count) im Traungau, im Sundergau und im Donaugau [Ref: 277 Maroslav Marek] (Donau=the Danube river, the Traun river flows thru Traunstein, gau=district, region...Curt)
The Magyars, who gained possession of Vienna early in the 10th cent., were driven out by Leopold I of Babenberg, the first margrave of the Ostmark [Ref: http://reference.allrefer.com/encyclopedia/V/ViennaAus-history.html]
He is recorded in 963 and 976 as margrave of the eastern march of Bavaria; in 977 as count in the Traungau; in 979 count in the Sundergau; and in 983 as count in the Donaugau. [Ref: Richard Borthwick 14 Feb 2000]
Babenberg, House Of: Austrian ruling house in the 10th-13th century. Leopold I of Babenberg became margrave of Austria in 976. [Ref: Ency Britannica online]
In 976, Leopold von Babenberg was appointed leader of the Ostarrichi, and established a dynasty that succeeded for hundreds of years. The Babenberg reign ended in 1246 with the death of Friedrich II. [Ref: Welcome to Austria: http://www.welcome-to.com/Austria/]
The first mention of a ruler in the regained territories east of the Enns is of Burchard, who probably was count (burgrave) of Regensburg. It appears that he lost his office as a result of his championship of Henry II the Quarrelsome, duke of Bavaria. In 976 his successor, Leopold I of the house of Babenberg, was installed in office. Under Leopold's rule the eastern frontier was extended to the Vienna Woods after a war with the Magyars. [Ref: Ency Britannica online] (See: Battle of Lechfeld)
The Frankish ruler Charlemagne (747-814) established on the territory of present-day Austria the Carolingian March, or border province, between the rivers Enns, Raab and Drava. But 907 saw the collapse of this province following a defeat inflicted by the Magyars. It was not until 955 that Otto the Great succeeded in vanquishing the Magyars and re-conquering the region. In 976, Leopold von Babenberg, a descendant of a noble Bavarian family, was invested with the area between the rivers Enns and Traisen. [Ref: Austrian Press & Information Service: http://www.austria.org/history.shtml#1]
The Austrian Babenburgs descended from Luitpold (Leopold) I, margrave of the Ostmark (Austria), who died on 10 July 994. His ancestry is famously uncertain, as is that of his wife Richwara (lately thought to be a daughter of Erenfried II, count in the Zülpichgau (Ezzonid) & his wife Richwara). It has been speculated that this Luitpold was the youngest son of Arnulf I the Bad, duke of Bavaria (died 14 July 937) by his wife Judith (possibly from the Unruochings of Friuli). If so, he was presumably born after the death of their eldest son Luitpold, perhaps shortly before 932. Arnulf was the son of Luitpold, count in Carinthia & margrave in the Bavarian Nordgau, by his wife Kunigunde, daughter of the Swabian count palatine Berthold. Most historians who accept this would derive the Popponid Babenburgs from Heinrich I von Babenburg, margrave in Friesland (Frisia), who was killed in battle near Paris on 20 August 886. His first wife was apparently an earlier Judith from the Unruoching family, daughter of the margrave Eberhard of Friuli and Gisela of Francia. Adalbert was the elder of two definite sons of this Heinrich and Judith, and was beheaded with his brother Adalhard at theres am Main on 9 September 906. Adalbert was possibly married (his wife is said to have been a Swabian lady named Brunhilda), but no children are recorded as far as I know. The only male-line descendants that are ascribed to his parents come through the _speculated_ relationship to count Heinrich, grandfather of the brothers Poppo, bishop of Würzburg and Heinrich, archbishop of Trier. Another _speculative_ sibling was Hadwig (b ca 953/5, died 24 December 903), first wife of Otto the Illustrious, duke of the Saxons, who of course has innumerable descendants. [Ref: Peter Stewart 30 Apr 2002] Note: Theres (am Main) is 35 km wnw of Bamberg.
Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg.
The earliest known ancestor of the Babenbergs was one Poppo, who early in the 9th century was count in Grapfeld, in the area between modern Hesse and Thuringia. One of his sons, Henry, sometimes called count of the march and duke in Franconia, fell fighting against the Normans in 886; another, Poppo, was count of the march in Thuringia from 880 to 892, when he was deposed by the German Carolingian king Arnulf of Carinthia. The family had been favoured by the emperor Charles the Fat, but Arnulf reversed this policy in favour of the rival family of the Conradines.
The leaders of the Babenbergs were the three sons of Duke Henry, who called themselves after their castle of Babenberg on the upper Main, round which their possessions centred.
The rivalry between the two families was intensified by their efforts to extend their authority in the region of the middle Main, and this quarrel, known as the "Babenberg feud," came to a head at the beginning of the 10th century during the troubled reign of the German king Louis the Child. Two of the Babenberg brothers were killed, and the survivor, Adalbert was summoned before the imperial court by the regent Hatto I, Archbishop of Mainz, a partisan Of the Conradines. He refused to appear, held his own for a time in his castle at Theres against the king's forces, but surrendered in 906, and in spite of a promise of safe-conduct was beheaded.
From this time the Babenbergs lost their influence in Franconia; but in 976 Liutpold, a member of the family who was a count in the Donnegau (sic: Donaugau?), is described as count of the East Mark, a district not more than 60 miles in breadth on the eastern frontier of Bavaria which grew into the duchy of Austria. Liutpold, who probably received the mark as a reward for his fidelity to the emperor Otto II during the Bavarian rising in 976, extended its area at the expense of the Hungarians, and was succeeded in 994 by his son Henry I. Henry, who continued his father's policy, was followed in 1018 by his brother Adalbert and in 1055 by his nephew, Ernst, whose marked loyalty to the emperors Henry II and Henry III was rewarded by many tokens of favour. [Ref: Wikipedia (who slightly rephrased it from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica online at: http://92.1911encyclopedia.org/B/BA/BABENBERG_FAMILY_.htm] Note: the 1911 EB cited: G. Juritsch, Geschichte der Babenberger und ihrer Lander (Innsbruck, 1894); M. Schmitz, Oesterreichs .Scheyern-Wittelsbacher oder die Dynastic der Babenberger (Munich, 1880).
Father: Arnulf I "The Bad" Duke of BAVARIA b: 885 in Nordgau, Schaben, Bavaria
Mother: Agnes of UNGARN b: BEF 900 in Ungarn (German for Hungary)
Richiza (Richwara) von SUALAFELD b: ABT 955 in Sualafeld, Bavaria, Germany
in of Neidenoesterreich, Austria
- Ernst Duke of SWABIA b: ABT 985 in Peochlam, Niedeneosterreich, Austria
- Adalbert "The Victorious" Margrave of AUSTRIA b: ABT 987 in Tulin, Niederosterreich, Austria
- Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Page: Brant Gibbard, 28 Mar 1999
- Title: Newsgroup: soc.genealogy.medieval, at groups - google.com
Page: Peter Stewart, 30 Apr 2002