The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I02021
  • Name: Ferdinand III "The Saint" King of Leon & CASTILE 1
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: Ferdinand III "Saint" King of /Leon/, & Castile
  • Birth: 19 AUG 1201 in Leon, Spain 2
  • Death: 30 MAY 1252 in Seville, Spain 1
  • Event: Ruled 1217-1250
  • Note:
    Ferdinand III, also called SAINT FERDINAND, Spanish SAN FERNANDO (b. 1201?--d. May 30, 1252, Seville; canonized Feb. 4, 1671; feast day May 30), king of Castile from 1217 to 1252 and of Leon from 1230 to 1252 and conqueror of the Muslim cities of Córdoba (1236), Jaén (1246), and Seville (1248). During his campaigns, Murcia submitted to his son Alfonso (later Alfonso X), and the Muslim kingdom of Granada became his vassal.

    Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of Leon and Berenguela, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile. When born, he was the heir to Leon, but his uncle, Henry I of Castile, died young, and his mother inherited the crown of Castile, which she conferred on him. His father, like many Leonese, opposed the union, and Ferdinand found himself at war with him. By his will Alfonso IX tried to disinherit his son, but the will was set aside, and Castile and Leon were permanently united in 1230.

    Ferdinand married Beatrice of Swabia, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor, a title that Ferdinand's son Alfonso X was to claim. His conquest of Lower Andalusia was the result of the disintegration of the Almohad state. The Castilians and other conquerors occupied the cities, driving out the Muslims and taking over vast estates.

    Ferdinand's second wife was Joan of Ponthieu, whom he married in 1237; their daughter Eleanor married the future Edward I of England in 1254. Ferdinand settled in Seville, where he is buried. [Encyclopaedia Britannica CD '97]




    Father: Alfonso IX King of LEON b: 15 AUG 1166 in Zamora, Leon, Spain
    Mother: Berengaria of CASTILE b: ABT JUN 1180 in Burgos, Castile, Spaine

    Marriage 1 Beatrice von HOHENSTAUFFEN , of Swabia b: 1202 in Swabia, Germany
    • Married: 1219
    Children
    1. Has Children Alfonso X "The Wise" King of Leon & CASTILE b: 23 NOV 1221 in Toledo, Castile, Spain

    Marriage 2 Joan de DAMMARTIN , of Ponthieu b: 1216 in Dammartin, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France
    • Married: 1237 in Burgos, Spain 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Eleanor Princess of CASTILE b: 1244 in Burgos, Castile, Spain

    Sources:
    1. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: Ferdinand III
    2. Title: Encyclopedia Britannica, Treatise on
      Page: Ferdinand III
      Text: 1201? (year only)
    3. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 110-29
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