The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I00322
  • Name: Miles of GLOUCESTER , 1st Earl of Hereford 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • ALIA: 03rd\1st Earl of /Hereford/, Miles FitzWalter
  • Birth: 1092 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
  • Death: 24 DEC 1143 in Shot while hunting in Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England 5 4 3
  • Burial: Llanthony without Gloucester Priory, Gloucestershire, England
  • Note:
    In 1141, during the struggle between the Empress Maud and Stephen I for the throne the former conferred the Earldom of Hereford on Miles of Gloucester, so-called from his father being hereditary Constable of the shire. Only two years earlier the new Earl had supported Stephen, but it has been suggested that he went over to the Empress's in part because his overlord, the Earl of Gloucester, was one of Henry I's many bastard sons, hence Maud's half brother. (Her generous gifts to Miles of land, houses, and castles, in addition to the Earldom, may have helped win him over.) [Burke's Peerage]

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    William II "Rufus" King of England granted the lordship of "Over Gwent" which included a castle at the mouth of the Genny where it joins the Usk, probably some time after 1088 to one Hamelin de Ballon, so called from his having been born at Ballon, in Maine. Subsequent holders of Over Gwent or Abergavenny included the 1st and 2nd Earls of Hereford of the 1141 creation and the 2nd Earl's four younger brothers, for all of whom a shadowy family connection with Hamelin de Ballon has been claimed, though this is very hard, if not impossible, to sustain. [Burke's Peerage (page 12) on the history of Abergavenny:]

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    OWNERS of the LORDSHIP of ABERGAVENNY (III) 1141-2

    Miles of Gloucester, hereditary sheriff thereof, and the King's Constable, son and heir of Walter fitz Roger de Pitres, who held the former office. He was created Earl of Hereford, 25 Jul 1141. He m. 1121, Sibyl, daughter and heir of Bernard de Neufmarche, Lord of Brecon, and d. 24 Dec 1143. [Complete Peerage I:20]

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    EARLDOM OF HEREFORD (III, 1) 1141

    MILES of GLOUCESTER, son and heir (apparently only son) of WALTER OF GLOUCESTER, hereditary Sheriff of Gloucester and probably constable, received from Henry I in 1121 Sibyl, daughter of Bernard DE NEUFMARCHÉ, in marriage, with all the lands of her father and mother after their death or before if they so willed it, whence came the lordship of Brecknock. By charter dated at Rouen he was confirmed in all his father's lands held in chief with the office of constable. He accounted for Gloucestershire and Staffordshire in 1130-1. At the coming of Stephen he was one of the great magnates of the West of England, and after joining him received 2 charters, granting to him and his heirs his whole bonour of Gloucester and of Brecknock and all his lands and holdings in shrievalties and other things as he held them at the death of Henry I the second, which is more precise, mentions the constableship of Gloucester Castle. He attended the Easter Court of 1136 and witnessed Stephen's Charter of Liberties, as constable. He was present at the siege of Shrewsbury in 1138, but joined the Empress on her arrival in I I 39, recciving her at Bristol "ut dominam," and taking her to Gloucester, where he did homage and received from her the castle of St. Briavell's and the whole Forest of Dean. He accompanied her to Winchester, to Reading, where he acted as her constable, and to London in 1141. At St. Albans, where she received a deputation from London, she had granted to him a house in Westminster which had belonged to Gregory, dapifer. He accompanied her in her flight to Gloucester, and was with her subsequently at Oxford, where on 25 July 1141 she created him EARL OF HEREFORD. After this creation at the request of Brien FitzCount and of Maud de Wallingford, his wife, she granted to him and his heirs the castle of Abergavenny and all the honour thereof to be held of the said Brien and Maud and their heirs in fee by the service of 3 knights' fees.

    He married, as aforesaid, about April or May 1121, Sibyl, daughter of Bernard DE NEUFMARCHE, lord of Brecknock. He died 24 December 1143, and was buried in the chapter house of Llanthony Priory outside Gloucester, which he had founded. His widow, who is stated to have entered into religion after his death, was also buried at Llanthony. [Complete Peerage VI:452-4, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]




    Father: Walter FITZROGER , Sheriff of Gloucester b: ABT 1070 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    Mother: Emma de BALLON b: ABT 1070 in Ballon, Mayenne, Maine/Pays-de-la-Loire, France

    Marriage 1 Sybil de NEUFMARCHE b: BEF 1093 in Aberhonwy, Breconshire, Wales
    • Married: BET APR AND MAY 1121 6 7 3
    Children
    1. Has No Children Roger FitzMiles of GLOUCESTER , 2nd Earl Hereford b: ABT 1122 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    2. Has No Children Walter of HEREFORD , 5th Lord of Abergavenny b: ABT 1124 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    3. Has Children Margaret de GLOUCESTER b: 1126 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    4. Has No Children Henry of HEREFORD , 6th Lord of Abergavenny b: ABT 1128 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    5. Has Children Bertha de GLOUCESTER , Heiress of Brecon b: ABT 1130 in Brecon (Aberhonddu), Powys, Wales
    6. Has No Children Mahel of HEREFORD , 7th Lord of Abergavenny b: ABT 1133 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    7. Has No Children William of HEREFORD , 8th Lord of Abergavenny b: ABT 1136 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
    8. Has Children Lucy of HEREFORD b: ABT 1142 in Bwlch y Dinas, Brecknockshire, Wales

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 1378
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 262-28
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: VI:452-4
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: I:20
    5. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 177-4
    6. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 177-4
      Text: 1121
    7. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: I:20
      Text: 1121
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