The Phillips, Weber, Kirk, & Staggs families of the Pacific Northwest

Entries: 46457    Updated: 2015-06-11 05:23:07 UTC (Thu)    Owner: Jim Weber

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  • ID: I00243
  • Name: Aedan (Aidan) King of DALRIADA 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 545 in Dunadd, Argyllshire, Dalriada/Scotland
  • Death: ABT 608 in Dunolly Castle, Argyllshire, Dalriada/Scotland 1
  • Death: 606 3
  • Event: Ruled 571-608
  • Note:
    The following article from "The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens" was supplied in an e-mail from Betty Knoche, BGKnoche AT

    Hi Jim

    FYI - another note from our British Kings:

    "Aedan was the first significant ruler of the Dal Riatan Scots and one of the most powerful rulers in sixth century Britain. Aedan probably had eyes on the succession even before the death of his cousin Conall, even though Conall's own son Donnchad and Aedan's brother Eoganan had prior claims. Aedan had set out to prove himself a powerful warlord. It is likely that he regained some of the territory in Gowrie gained by his father thirty years earlier by lost by Conall. Scant evidence suggests that he served as a chief of the Gododdin Britons for a few years prior to 574, commanding the lands around Aberfoyle, the region where he subsequently granted land to St Berach for a monastery. It was probably in this capacity that he was present at the battle of Arfderydd in 573, as has been suggested. After Conall's death a squabble broke out between the children of Conall and Gabhran over the succession that was finally settled by Columba. Columba preferred the more pacifist and learned Eoganan but, after a vision, in which Columba was scourged by an angel, he ordained Aedan as king. This was the first time that a Christian king was apparently selected and ordained by God. It was, in effect, the start of what later developed into the belief of the divine right of kings that caused the downfall of Charles I.

    Early in Aedan's reign, in 575, the Irish high king, Aed mac Ainmerech, called a meeting at Drumceat in Derry to determine the position of the dal Riatan peoples who still lived in the original homeland of Fergus in Ulster. It was agreed that whilst Aedan retained authority over them, and could thus collect taxes and tribute, those people were ultimately answerable to the Irish high king for military support. It was a compromise, probably engineered by Columba, which clarified the authority of the respective kings and showed that the Dal Riatan rulers were still ultimately answerable to the Irish high king. It is pertinent that the ruling did not recognize any authority over Dal Riata of Baetan, the king of Ulster in which the territory fell, but instead showed a direct relationship between Aedan and the Irish high king. This gave Aedan considerable authority and doubtless aggravated the relationship between Aedan and Baetan. Although it is not recorded, it has been suggested that Baetan may have undertaken raids upon Dal Riatan territory in Kintyre and that over the next few years there were hostilities between the two factions. It is possible that a record in the annals in the year 582 refers to Aedan ejecting Baetan from the Isle of Man. Whether this means that Aedan extended his authority from that year to Man is not clear. By Aedan's reign the Pictish king, Brude, was old and had become more tolerant of his neighbours. It was nonetheless an affront by Aedan in 580 when he undertook a raid on the Orkneys, whose piratical inhabitants had no doubt been plundering Dal Riatan territory, most likely Iona. Although it is not recorded, it is likely that the Scots and the Picts must have clashed in numerous skirmishes and that Aedan generally won the advantage. It is possible that after Brude's death in 584, his successor, Gartnatt, was a son of Aedan's through his marriage with a Pictish princess. Although this may have given Aedan authority over the northern Picts, it had little effect over the southern Picts, or Maeta. In or around the year 590 Aedan was drawn into battle with them. although he won, he lost two of his sons, Artuir and Eochaid Find, a fact apparently predicted by Columba.

    Aedan also turned his might against the British kingdoms of Alclud, ruled by Rhydderch Hen, and the Gododdin, ruled by Mynyddog, and these internecine squabbles almost certainly played into the hands of the Bernician Angles under Athelfrith who, by the late 590s, was seeking to extend his territory into the land between the Walls. In 603 Aedan led an army of Scots and Irish against the Bernicians at Degsastan, in Lothian. Although the Angles claimed the victory there were heavy losses on both sides, and Aedan lost another son, Domangart. The records suggest Aedan may have abdicated soon after this defeat and retired to a monastery at Kilkerran, where he died. His son Eochaid Buide had, apparently, already been nominated as his successor by Columba. Despite his failures, Aedan established Dal Riata as a major force in northern Britain."

    [British Kings and Queens by Mark Ashley page 198-199]

    Father: Gabran "The Treachorous" King of DALRIADA b: BEF 506 in Dunadd, Argyllshire, Dalriada/Scotland
    Mother: Lleian of BRECKNOCK b: ABT 520 in Brecknockshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      1. Has Children Eochaid I (Eochu Buide) King of DALRIADA b: ABT 575 in Dunadd, Argyllshire, Dalriada/Scotland

      1. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
        Page: 170-5
      2. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
        Page: 21
        Text: Aidan
      3. Title: The Plantagenet Ancestry, by William Henry Turton, 1968
        Page: 21
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