Name: Joshua PHILLIPS 1
Birth: ABT 1710 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
Death: ABT 1791 in Hubbardston, Worcester, MA
Moved 1762 From RI to Hubbardston w/ 7 children
Joshua & Freelove moved from Smithfield, Providence, RI to Rutland, Worcester, MA in 1764 as indicated by real estate transactions where he sold his last RI property (about 50 acres) to Johathon & Gideon Sayles (brothers) for 257 pounds 10 shillings in 1 Jun 1764 and purchased property (100 acres) from Stephen Heald in MA for 183 pounds on 17 Dec 1764.
They moved to Hubbardston (near Rutland) on 11 May 1766, according to cousin Beverly Marston, of Keene, NH. At that time they had 7 children (Eseck was born about 1766, but apparently before Hubbardston), the eighth, Patience, was born in Massachusetts.
The following is copied from "The ancestry of Gideon Phillips", by Robert Phillips, unpublished:
Joshua is Gideon's Father.
[I.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Daniel Jenks, 9 Dec 1743
"- - - I, Joshua Phillips- - - sell- - - unto Daniel Jenks- - - A Certain piece or Lott of Land Containing about ten Acres be it more or less and is the same piece of Land my Honoured Father James Phillips Gave me by Deed of Gift bearing Date August ye 19th: 1743. The said piece of Land is Scituate in the Township of Smithfield- - - and is part of the farm on which the Said James now dwells the said piece of land is one Quarter part of the Said Homestead Farm on which the Said James now dwells- - -and is to be taken off- - -from the North Side the full length of Said Farm adjoyning to the South Side of John Sayles Land is bounded Westwardly on the Highway that goes by John Sayles Dwelling house. Northerly on sd Sayles Land and on the East with Said John Sayles Land and on the South with the said James Land the said Lott is to be taken as wide at an End as the Other End so as to be Equal- - - in witness and for confirmation of what is above written I- - - Joshua Phillips have hereunto Set my Hand and Seal thie Nineth Day of December- - - 1743.
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 2, p. 166]
[II.] Deed, Michael and Jeremiah Phillips to Joshua Phillips, 3 Oct 1745
"- - - We, Mikel Phillips of Smithfield and Jeremiah Phillips of Gloucester, Yeomen- - - for- - - Ninty Seven pounds and Seven Shillings in Bills of Credit- - - paid by Joshua Phillips- - - grant- - - One Certain Track of Land- - - Lying within- - - Smithfield- - - containing by Estimation Twelve Acres be it more or less Butted and Bounded as followeth on the north with the Land of John Sayles on the west with the Land of Bejamin Pain on the South with the Highway- - - this Third day of October AD 1745.
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 2, p. 341]
[III.] Deed, Daniel Jenks to Joshua Phillips, 19 Dec 1745
"- - - I, Daniel Jenkes, Marchant- - - for Ninty pounds in Bills of Credit old tenor- - - paid by Joshua Phillips- - - grant- - - about Ten acres of land Situate, Lying and being in Smithfield- - - and is part of the Land Whereupon James phillips- - - now dwells- - - it is the same piece of Land I bought of sd Joshua phillips- - - witness my hand and seal this nineteenth day of December- - - 1745.
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 2, p. 343]
[IV.] Smithfield Town Meeting Records, 8 Jan 1746
"At a Town meeting at Smithfield ye 8th day of Jany AD 1745  being called by a warrant from under the hand and seal of Wm Arnold Esqr Bearing date Decbr AD 1745 voted that Joshua Phillips, Moses Man John ComStock Junr and Cornelious Walling be accepted free men of this Town."
[Certificates of Deputies and Freemen, Rhode Island Archives 1732-1778]
[V.] Smithfield Town Meeting Records, 17 Apr 1751
"At a Town meeting held in Smithfield in the County of Providence ye Third Wednesday of April Ad 1751====
- - - Joshua Phillips: Jeremiah Phillips- - - appeared Before this meeting & took the freemans affirmation against bribery & corruption."
[Certificates of Deputies and Freemen, Rhode Island Archives 1732-1778]
[VI.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Benjamin Paine, 11 Feb 1758
"I, Joshua Phillips- - - yeoman- - - for- - - Two hundred and forty pounds currant money of New England- - - paid by Benjamin Pain- - - grant- - - unto Sd Benjamin Pain- - - a small peace of Land containing Three acres Sittuated in Smithfield- - - In Witness whereof I hereby sett my hand and seal this Eleventh Day of February- - one Thousand seven hundred and fifty Eight.
The Mark of Freelove Phillips"
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 4, p. 234]
[VII.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Jonathan Sayles, 23 Jul 1759
"I, Joshua Phillips- - - yeoman- - - for- - - five hundred and Eighty Eight pounds Currant money of new England- - - paid by Jonathan Sayles- - - grant unto him- - - a certain peace of Land Containing six acres and half and six rods- - - formerly called the head of the Lotts- - - In Witness whereof I- - - have hereunto sett my hand and seal with Freelove Phillips my now wife and acquitted her thirds therein this Twenty third Day of July- - - Anno Domini 1759.
The mark of Freelove Phillips"
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 4, p. 378]
[VIII.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Jonathan and Gideon Sayles, 1 Jun 1764
"- - - I, Joshua Phillips- - - Yeoman- - - for and in Considertaion of the Sum of Two hundred and fifty seven pounds and Ten Shillings Lawfull Money- - - paid by Jonathan Sayles, Esqr & Gideon Sayles Yeoman- - - Sell- - - unto them- - - a Certain Tract or parcel of Land Situate in Smithfield- - - Containing by Estimation fifty acres- - - and is the Whole of that farm Whereon I now dwell Butted and bounded as followeth on the most northwesterly Corner with a heap of stones set adjoyning to the Land of John Sayles and rangeth from thence Easterly with the said John Sayles land to a stake and heap of stones. Then to range Southerly with the said John Sayles Land to a Stake and stones Set in the north Line of Land now in the PoSseSsion of Daniel Phillips: Thence Still Westerly To the Corner of a Stone wall Where it Turneth and there the Westerly highway Cometh into the old highway untill it comes to the first Mentioned Corner- - - In Witness Whereof I, Joshua phillips- - - have hereunto Set my hand & Seal this first day of June- - - 1764 and Freelove phillips ye wife of ye Sd Joshua phillips doth by these presents freely willingly Give Yield up and Surrender all her right of Dower and power of thirds of in and unto the above demised premiSs- - - in Witness Whereunto She hath Set her hand & seal the day and year above written.
The mark of Freelove phillips"
[Real Estate Records, Smithfield, 1731-1873, Book 6, p. 38]
[IX.] Joshua appears to have spent the Rhode Island phase of his life on Sayles Hill next to the Sayleses and the Paines except possibly for the period between the time he disposed of the land his father gave him in 1743 and late 1745 when he again became a landowner. There is no indication as to how he spent this interim- - - a final fling? accumulating cash? In any case late in 1745 he bought in quick succession 12 acres from two of his brothers (October), 30 acres from his father (November), and the 10 acres his father had given him earlier which he had sold (December). Thus at the end of 1745 he apparently owned a farm of some 52 acres with which he seems to have been content for some 13 years. Then in 1758 he sold three acres to his neighbor, Paine, and in 1759 6 1/2 acres to his other neighbor, Sayles. Finally, in 1764 after some 18 years on the same farm he sold all he owned in Smithfield (estimated at 50 acres) to two Sayles brothers and departed, as will be seen, for Massachusetts. He does not appear to have registered the births of any of his children during this period but other sources (Albert M. Phillips, Phillips Genealogies, Auburn, MA, 1885; the Massachusetts Systematic History Fund's Warnings 1737-1788; J. M. Stowe, History of the Town of Hubbardston, Hubbardston, MA, published by the Committee; and Nelson and the Flag, Nelson Picnic Association, 1917) suggest that Joshua and Freelove had most of their family by 1764 as follows:
Freelove, born in 1749
Joshua and James, born c. 1750
Richard, born 4 Sep 1754
Paine and Gideon, born 7 Nov 1763
The "Warnings" lists a Joanna and a Patience in the family in 1766 but is the only source to do so. The Hubbardston history lists Esek as born about 1752 but his gravestone in Centre Cemetery near Rutland, MA, reads as follows:
In Memory of
Eseck Son of Mr.
Joshua & Mrs. Fre-
love Phillips was
Kild in a fraim
March ye 25th 1776
in ye 10th yr of his Age
Esek, then, was born (and died) in Massachusetts. And Joshua and Freelove went to Massachusetts with six children.
[X.] Deed, Stephen Heald to Joshua Phillips, 17 Dec 1764
"- - - I, Stephen Heald of Rutland in the County of Worcester and Province of the MaSsachusetts Bay in New England Husbandman For- - - the Sum of one hundred and Eighty three Pounds of money paid to me- - - by Joshua Phillips of Smithfield in the County of Providence in ye Colony of Rhode Island Husbandman- - - Have sold- - - him- - - A Certain Tract or Parcel of Land Lying and being in the Northeast Quarter of the Township of Rutland, Containing one hundred Acres, being Lot No. 22 Bounded Northeasterly Partly on samuel Sewall's Land & Partly on William Satter's Land. Northwesterly on the Ministry Lott Southwesterly Partly on Samuel Waldo's Land, and Partly on Isaac Winslow Esq's Land Southeasterly on Said Samuel Waldo's, with a Dwelling HouSe and Barn Standing thereon. Also a County Road four Rods wide running through the same- - - In Witnessof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seal this Seventeenth Day of December AD 1764- - - Stephen Heald"
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 50, page 464]
[XI.] Deed, David Rice to Joshua Phillips, 17 Sep 1772
"- - - I, David Rice Yeoman- - - For- - - the Sum of One hundred and Fifty four Pounds ??? ??? money- - - paid by Joshua Phillips of Hubbardston in the County and Province Aforesd Yeoman- - - HAVE- - - sold- - - unto him- - - Two home Lotts- - - being No forty four and Forty five- - - Number forty four- - - Contains One hundred and twenty Acres- - - No. 45- - - contains One hundred and Sixteen Acres- - - I Witness whereof I have here unto Set my hand and Seal this seventeenth day of September 1772- - - David Rice"
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 68, p. 235]
[XII.] Death, Esek Phillips, 25 March 1776
"- - - Eseck, Son of Mr. Joshua & Mrs. Freelove phillips was Kild- - - March ye 25th 1776 in ye 10th yr of his Age"
[Gravestone, Centre Cemetery, Rutland, MA]
[XIII.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Joshua Phillips, Jr, 22 Mar 1731
"- - - I, Joshua Phillips of Rutland- - - Yeoman for- - - the Sum of one hundred Eighty pounds (in Specie) paid- - - by Joshua Phillips Junr of Rutland- - - Yeoman- - - sell unto Joshua Phillips Junr- - - a certain Tract- - - of Land in Quantity and Quality undivided Lying- - - in Rutlnad With the one halfe of the Buildings Standing thereon- - - containing in the Whole about one hundred acres by Estimation- - - in WitneSs Whereof I have hereunto set my hand & Seal this twenty Second day of March AD one thousand Seven hundred & Eighty one- - - Also Freelove Wife of the Grantor- - - doth- - - Yield up- - - all her rights of Dower & power of thirds of in & unto the above demised premises- - - In Witness of the Said Freelove has also hereunto Set her hand & seal the day & year before Written.
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 88, pp. 400-402]
[XIV.] Deed, Gideon Phillips to Joshua Phillips, 30 Dec 1788
"- - - I, Gideon Phillips of Rutland- - - Yeoman- - - in consideration of the Sum of One hundred and thirty pounds lawful money- - - paid by Joshua Philips of Rutland- - - Yeoman- - - have - - - sold- - - unto him- - - a Certain Tract- - - of Land lying in Rutland- - - with the buildings standing thereon bounded as is set forth in a Deed bearing Date with these presents to me the said Gideon Phillips from the aforesaid Joshua Phillips reference thereto being had- - - Provided NevertheleSs [it] is - - - the true intent and meaning of Grantor and Grantee in these preSents anything contained to the Contrary Notwithstanding that if the above named Gideon Phillips, his Heirs Executors AdminStrators or Assigns do well and truly provide for his Honoured Father and Mother viz the aforesaid Joshua Phillips and Freelove his Wife every thing neceSsary for their life and also at the deceaSe of the aforesaid Joshua Phillips and Freelove his Wife reSpectively to give them a decent burial then this above written Deed and every clauSe and article therein contained shall be null and void and of none effect or elSe to abide in full force & virtue. In witness whereof We have hereunto set our hands and Seals this thirtieth Day of December Anno Domini one thousand Seven hundred and eighty eight.
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 110, pp. 195-7 (also includes the following)]
[XV.] Deed, Joshua Phillips to Gideon Phillips, 30 Dec 1788
"- - - I, Joshua Phillips- - - for and in consideration of the Sum of one hundred and thirty pounds lawful money to me- - - paid by Gideon Phillips- - - have given- - - unto him- - - a certain Tract or parcel of land lying in Rutland- - - with the buildings standing thereon- - - In Witness whereof We have hereunto set our hands and seals this thirtieth Day of December- - - on thousand seven hundred and eighty eight.
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 110, pp. 195-7 (also includes the preceding)]
[XVI.] First Census of the United States, 1790, Massachusetts, Worcester County, Rutland Town.
Showing as Heads of Household:
Phillips, Joshua, 1 male 16+, 2 males 16-, 4 females
Phillips, Gideon, 2 males 16+, 1 male 16-, 3 females
[XVII.] Deed, Gideon Phillips to Joshua Phillips, Jr., 28 May 1794
"- - - I, Gideon Phillips of Rutland in the County of Worcester & Commonwealth of Massachusetts, yeoman, in consideration of two hundred Pounds, Lawful money paid me by Joshua Phillips Jr of Rutland- - - yeoman- - - hereby- - - sell- - - unto- - - Joshua Phillips Jr a certain farm I am PoSseSsed of in said Rutland, & buildings standing thereon including all the land which I have any legal title unto with said Rutland- - - In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand & seal the twenty sixth day of May AD on thousand seven hundred & ninety four.
[Worcester District Registry of Deeds, Book 209, p. 61]
[Note: not sure whether 28 or 26 May, as this is the way Robert Phillips wrote the above dates]
[XVIII.] Joshua appears to have arrived in Rutland, MA, sometime between June and December 1764, and, in the latter month, bought 100 acres in that township. In 1767 Hubbardston was established as a district from part of Rutland, and in 1772 Joshua, now of Hubbardston, bought 236 acres in that township. In 1781 he sold 100 acres in Rutland (possibly his first purchase in Massachusetts) to Joshua, Jr., of Rutland. Joshua must have been in his sixties, at least, by this time. In any case, he made provision for his old age in 1788 by buying from Gideon in Rutland for 130 pounds the same land which Gideon bought from him in an immediately following deed for the same sum. The transaction was to remain valid only if Gideon took care of Joshua and Freelove in their old age and gave them "decent" burials. The U.S. Census of 1790 shows two males over and one under 16 in Gideon's household and three females. In that year Gideon, who had married Chloe Shattuck in 1786 had a daughter born in 1787 and a son born in 1788 for a total of two females and one male under 16. Joshua and Gideon probably account for the two males over 16 and Freelove for the third female in Gideon's household in 1790; Gideon thus appears to be living up to his bargain with Joshua. In 1794, however, Gideon sold all his land in Rutland to Joshua, Jr., and moved to New Hampshire (Revolutionary War records) leaving us to conclude that Joshua died between 1790 and 1794. It is difficult to keep track of Joshua's real estate holdings. At one time, however, he appeared to be in possession of a handsome 336 acres. Of his children, James married Sarah Nurse in 1767, Freelove married Nathan Stone in 1768, Esek, as noted, died in 1776, Richard married Olive Evans in 1779, Paine married Sally Twichel in 1786, and Gideon married Chloe Shattuck in 1786 (See Rutland and Hubbardston Vital Records published by the Systematic History Fund in 1905 and 1907 respectively). All Joshua's sons served in the Revolutionary War (except, of course, Esek). Joshua, then, appears to have led a successful farming life. Like his father James, before him he arranged with one of his sons to care for him and his wife in their old age, and the son, Gideon, appears to have been satisfied with the arrangement. Here endeth the tale of Gideon's ancestors in America for the nonce.
[Ancestry of Gideon Phillips, by Robert Phillips]
Father: James PHILLIPS b: 1 JUN 1662 in Newport, Newport, RI
Mother: Mary MOWRY b: 1667 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
Freelove PAYNE b: ABT 1729 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- Freelove PHILLIPS b: 1749 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- James PHILLIPS , twin b: ABT 1750 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- Joshua PHILLIPS , twin b: ABT 1750 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- Richard PHILLIPS b: 4 SEP 1754 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- Gideon PHILLIPS , twin b: 7 NOV 1763 in Hubbardston, Worcester, MA
- Paine PHILLIPS , twin b: 7 NOV 1763 in Smithfield, Providence, RI
- Eseck PHILLIPS b: ABT 1766 in Rutland, Worcester, MA
- Patience PHILLIPS b: ABT 1768 in Hubbardston, Worcester, MA
- Title: Letter from Town Clerk of Hubbardston Concerning Marriage of Gideon & Chloe
Text: Gives Joshua as father of Gideon