Name: * Elisha GIBBS
Given Name: * Elisha
Birth: 12 Dec 1796 in Currituck Co., NC
Death: 16 Dec 1869 in Davie Co., NC
Burial: Old Joppa Cem., Davie Co., NC
Additional information on the Gibbs family.
Change Date: 16 May 2009 at 01:00:00
Elisha Gibbs, the son of Giles Gibbs1 and Sarah Fenton2 was born on 12 December 17963 in Currituck County,4 North Carolina. In the early 1800s there was a severe hurricane which temporarily ruined farmland in Currituck County, and there was a large migration from that count to the part of Rowan County, North Carolina that became Davie County. Many of these people settled in the area of Farmington and the colony was known locally as "Little Currituck." Some of the families known to have moved from Currituck and settled there were Taylor, Brickhouse, Brunt, Lee, Ballance, Etheridge and Poyner.5 Many of these are names that were associated with Elisha Gibbs in Rowan County records, and had been associated with his father in Currituck County.
On 2 January 1819 Elisha Gibbs of Currituck County sold for $295 to Rubin Taylor a tract in Currituck County in the neighborhood of Cowingoch, adjacent to Benjamin Taylor and Joseph Simmons containing 50 acres. Witnesses were Samuel Salyear and Thomas Simmons and the deed was proved by Simmons at the February 1819 court.6
The earliest record found of Elisha in Rowan County records was on 15 February 1819 when Nathan Douge and Mary his wife sold a tract of land to Henry Brickhouse on Cedar Creek that was witnessed by William Jarvis and Elisha Gibbs.7 In May 1822 it was ordered that John Chaffin, Elisha Gibbs, John Atchison, Silas Atchison, Eli Atchison, and Samuel Philips act as patrollers in Captain Power's Company. At the same time Elisha Gibbs was appointed a constable, and gave bond with Henry Brickhouse and John McClelland as security for $4000.8
Elisha Gibbs continued to be appointed a constable yearly through 1827. In February 1823 he gave bond with William Lunn and Henry Brickhouse.9 In February 1824 William Jarvis and John McLannen were on the bond.10 William Philips, William Jarvis, and A. Chesher were on the bond in Februray 1825.11 In February 1826 the security were Thomas Oakes and William Lunn.12 At the same time Elisha Gibbs and John Futts signed as security for William Lunn being appointed a constable.13 In February 1827 security for Elisha Gibbs were Nathan Hunt and William Allen.14 At the same time Levin Ward and Elisha Gibbs were security for William Sheek on his bond as constable.15
At the village of Huntsville in now southeast Yadkin County, Peter and Jacob Clingman operated a store and blacksmith shop that was an important trading center of the area. They bought large quantities of whiskey, fur, hides, butter, feathers, pork, corn and other agricultural products to be resold to customers, or shipped to South Carolina, Virginia, or other parts of North Carolina. In their oldest ledger book (1818-1822) appears the name Elisha Gibbs, Rowan County. There also appeared "Miss Nancy Brown at Gibbs."16 She was possibly a servant hired to take care of his household.
Elisha first purchased land from John Williams on 22 December 1823 of 153 acres on Cub Creek that was adjacent to Mascey Taylor, Robert Johnston, David Smith and Abraham Hendricks. The deed was proved by William Sheek and William Lunn.17 On 19 May 1824 Elisha Gibbs was appointed guardian of William, John, Tilly, Henry, Daniel, Martin, and Polly Call, orphans of Daniel Call.18 He gave bond with Anno James and John Etchison in penalty of 200 pounds. It was decided by the court in August 1828 that Elisha Gibbs, guardian of Daniel Call's children, be removed from his guardianship on the grounds of abuse of trust. Caswell Harbin was made guardian in his place.19
A deed of trust was issued on 13 September 1827 from Drury Jones to Elisha Gibbs for sundry personal property.20 On 20 February 1828 Elisha Gibbs with William Jarvis were security on a bond of $2000 for Spencer Taylor being appointed guardian of Joseph, Thomas and Margaret Gray, orphans of Joseph Gray.21
Elisha Gibbs was married about 1831 to Eleanor "Ellen" Gaither, the daughter of Gassaway Gaither22 and Mary Smoot.23 Ellen had been born on 25 July 1807 in what became Davie County.24 Davie County was created from Rowan County in 1836.
At the time of the 1830 census Elisha Gibbs owned 6 slaves, and by 1840 he owned 15. In 1850 this had increased to 21, and in 1860 he owned 35 slaves. Elisha Gibbs was one of the larger land and slave owners in Davie County. In 1850 his farm consisted of 350 improved acres and 150 unimproved acres. He owned 7 horses, 8 milch cows, 24 other cattle, 51 sheep, and 160 swine. He produced 171 bushels of wheat, 200 bushels of rye, 1400 bushels of Indian corn, 1200 bushels of oats, 60 pounds of wool, 200 bushels of peas and beans, 30 bushels of Irish potatoes, 200 bushels of sweet potatoes, 150 pounds of butter, 40 tons of hay, 50 pounds of flax, and 8 bushels of flax seed. The value of homemade manufactures was $905. He also owned a distillery with a capacity of 350 gallons. He processed 1500 bushels of corn and 100 bushels of rye to produce 3100 gallons of whiskey valued at $930.25
His house, constructed in the 1850s stands today, although extensive alterations have been done to the exterior. It is a two-story, three bay frame house. Many frame houses were constructed on the three room Quaker plan. In 1684 William Penn encouraged settlers to build a house "...with a partition near the middle, and another to divide one end into two small rooms..."
Elisha Gibbs constructed his house on a modified version of the Quaker plan, containing a center hall. The house has a full porch across the first story of the front (south), and a gable-roofed porch over the second story center bay. Both of the porches have been replaced, but the two-tier configuration is thought to be original. Six-over-six double-hung windows and two part flat window surrounds are still in place. There are two gable end chimneys. On the interior simple vernacular Greek Revival style surrounds with corner blocks and three mantels survive. A fourth mantel features raised geometric designs on the broad frieze. The stairs with a slat balustrade are original as is the flush board sheathing on the second-floor walls and ceiling.26 In 1860 his real estate was valued at $20,000 and his personal estate at $30,000, both considerable amounts for that time period.
His wife Elenor died on 5 January 1857 and was buried at Old Joppa (also called Boone) Cemetery, owned by the Mocksville Presbyterian Church an located just past the Mocksville city limits on the Mocksville-Yadkinville highway.27 Elisha died on 16 December 1869 and was buried at the same place.28
Elisha Gibbs had a second marriage to H. A. -?-, but her identity other than that is unknown. After his death, H. A. Gibbs, widow of Elisha Gibbs showed that her husband died intestate in Davie County in December 1869 leaving the following children to wit: W. Kelly Gibbs, Mary A. Hoskins, wife of J. F. Hoskins, and Sarah E. Hanes, wife of William P. Hanes and she desired to have her dower. On 17 March 1870 her dower of 354 acres was laid off.
His three children petitioned the court to have his land divided, and on 25 July 1872 the Court ordered the division of the land, and if an equitable division could not be made, then they were to charge the more valuable dividend as necessary to be paid to the inferior dividends to make the division equal. Lot #1 of 144 acres was valued at $2350 and drawn by W. K. Gibbs, lot #2 of 149 acres was valued at $2000 and drawn by Mary A. Hoskins, and lot #3 of 212.5 acres was valued at $2700 and drawn by Sallie E. Hanes.29
1. Joiles Gibbs will, Currituck Co., NC wills 2:180, FHL microfilm 0,018,752.
2. Currituck Co., NC deeds 7:223, FHL microfilm 0,018,761.
3. Elisha Gibbs headstone, Old Joppa Cemetery, Mocksville, Davie Co., NC.
4. Elisha Gibbs household, 1850 Davie County, North Carolina census.
5. James W. Wall, History of Davie County in the Forks of the Yadkin, (Spartanburg, SC: The Reprint Co., 1985), 88-89.
6. Currituck County, North Carolina Deed Book 14:432, FHL microfilm 0,018,765.
7. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 25:116, FHL microfilm 0,019,804.
8. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes, unpaginated,, Saturday 25 May 1822 session, FHL microfilm0,019,757.
9. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes, unpaginated, 3rd Monday  Feb. 1823 session, FHL microfilm 0,019,757.
10. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10, 5th unpaginated page between pp. 36 and 37, Feb. 1824 term, FHL microfilm 0019,758.
11. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:151, Feb. 1825 term, FHL microfilm 0,019,758.
12. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:239, Feb. 1826 term, FHL microfilm 0,029,758.
13. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:233, Feb. 1826 term, FHL microfilm 0,029,758.
14. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:353, Feb. 1827 term, FHL microfilm0,029,758.
15. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:353, Feb. 1827 term, FHL microfilm0,029,758.
16. Rowan County Register, 7 (May 1992):1509-1516.
17. Rowan County, North Carolina Deed Book 28:129, FHL microfilm 0,019,809.
18. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:52, May 1824 term, FHL microfilm 0,019,758.
19. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:414, Aug. 1828 term, FHL microfilm 0,019,758.
20. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:379, Feb. 1828 term, FHL microfilm 0,019,758.
21. Rowan County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions Minutes 10:366, Feb. 1828 term, FHL microfilm 0.019,758.
22. Davie County, North Carolina deed book 3:83, FHL microfilm 0,572,594.
23. James Smoot will, Davie County, North Carolina original wills, North Carolina State Archives, FHL microfilm 1,548,853, frames 478-479.
24. Ellen Gibbs headstone, Old Joppa Cemetery, Mocksville, Davie Co., NC.
25. Steven E. Murdock, The 1850 Federal Census and Supplementary Schedules of Davie County, North Carolina, (Winston-Salem, NC: The Forsyth County Genealogical Society, c1987).
26. Kirk Franklin Mohney, The Historic Architecture of Davie County, North Carolina, (Mocksville, NC: Davie County Historical and Genealogical Society, c1986), 36, 116.
27. Ellen Gibbs headstone.
28. Elisha Gibbs headstone.
29. Elisha Gibbs file, Davie County, North Carolina loose estate files, North Carolina State Archives, FHL microfilm 1,941,316.
Father: * Giles GIBBS b: from 1755 to 1768
Mother: * Sarah "Sally" FENTON b: ABT 1771 in Currituck Co., NC
* Elenor "Ellen" GAITHER b: 25 Jul 1807 in Rowan (now Davie) Co., NC
- * Mary A. GIBBS b: 10 Aug 1832 in Davie Co., NC
- Sarah Emma "Sallie" GIBBS b: 15 Sep 1836 in Davie Co., NC
- Laura GIBBS b: 1838/1840 in Davie Co., NC
- William Kelly GIBBS b: 29 or 30 Nov. 1847 or 1848 in Davie Co., NC
H. Amanda MASON
2 Mar 1863
in Rowan County, NC