Name: * Wilhelm [William] MENGEL (MINGLE)
Given Name: * Wilhelm [William]
Birth: ABT 1711 in Stadecken, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
Death: from 1778 to in Warwick Twp., Lancaster Co., PA
Additional information on the Mengel family.
Change Date: 24 Feb 2008 at 00:00:00
Johann Wilhelm Mengel was born about 1711.1 He and his first wife Anna Sara were probably married in mid to late 1730s. They are first found in the church records of Gönnheim, now Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany. They possibly came from the area of Stadecken, about 33 miles north of Gönnheim. The Gönnheim church books began in 1654, though there are some gaps in the records. The first mention of a Mengel at Gönnheim is found in 1740.
At Gönnheim on 9 8bris (October) 1740 was buried Anna Margaretha, the surviving widow of Hermann Mengels, former citizen inhabitant of Stadecken. Her age was 73 years, 9 months less quite a few days.2
A Friedrich Mengel received a permit on 3 April 1742 to emigrate from Stadecken to Pennsylvania.3 Others from Stadecken that received permission to emigrate at the same time were Lorentz Bläß, Peter Westerberger, Johann Kiehl, and Johannes Daum.4 Arriving on the ship Loyal Judith on 3 September 1742 at Philadelphia were Lorentz Place, Johannes Kuhl, Johannes Domie, Fritz Mengel, and Peter Wesenburger. Freats Mingel was age 48.5
Anna Maria, the widow of Hans Wendel Mengel in 1719 married in New York to John de Vries. She had been born at Stadecken in the Pfalz.6
On 31 May 1744 Johann Henrich Giebbock and Anna Christina Mengel were married at Laubenheim, located about 11 miles west of Stadecken. They were both born at Stadecken and the marriage contained the added note they intended to go to Pennsylvania.7
The Stadecken marriage register does not begin until 1748, and the marriage register until 1748, and the death register in 1828. The baptismal records begins in 1728, but the first years contain few records. Both Mengel and Mangold occur with frequency in later 1700s and early 1800s Stadecken church records.
A little over a month after the burial of Anna Margaretha Mengel is recorded the first record of Wilhelm Mengel in the Gönnheim Evangelisch Church book. On 17 9bris (November) 1740 was buried Christina, a young little daughter of Wilhelm Mengel and his legal housewife Sara. Her age was 1 year less 5 weeks.8 They also had recorded the birth of a daughter born on 30 Xbris (December) 1741 at about (nine) in the morning. She was baptized the 31st of the same month, the father William Mengel and the mother Anne Sera. The sponsor was Anna Dorothea, the deceased Johann Philipp Hirtzberger's legitimate daughter.9
It is unknown when his first wife died, but he secondly married when on 1 8bris (October) 1749 was married Johann Wilhelm Mängel, local widower and citizen with Anna Catharina, the surviving widow of the deceased Conrad Stammer, former parishioner at "Bibelheim."10
She was first married at Biebelnheim to Conrad Stamm, local parishioner and widower, on 24 Apr. 1743, after 3 times having declared banns. She was named as Catharina, the legitimate daughter of Stephan Hirschners, parishioner as Stadecken. Biebelnheim is located about 8 miles south of Stadecken. They had a son Johannes born in 1744 with Johannes Rabold and wife Anna Maria of Stadecken. A son Johann Wilhelm was born in 1746 with sponsor Johann Wilhelm, the son of Nicolaus Danfelser, local masterweaver. A daughter Maria Catharina was born in 1747 with sponsor Maria Catharina, the daughter of Nicolaus Danfelser, local parishioner and masterweaver. Johann Conrad Stamm, parishioner of Biebelnheim, died on 2 April 1748 from typhoid fever and was buried there one the 4th, his age being 35 years, 2 months, and some days. Their daughter Maria Catharina was buried there on 15 Xbris (December) 1748.11
On 14 8bris (October) 1750 Wilhelm Mengel and wife Anna Catharina had a son Johann Oswald Mengel born at Gönnheim. He was baptized on the 18th with sponsor of Johann Oswald.12
In 1753 the "Schultheiß and gericht" at Gönnheim reported that former citizens Wilhelm Mengel and Johann Georg Becker with their wives and children moved to Pennsylvania "widens Sigen," literally "against blessing" (without approval).13 The Schultheiß and gericht were having to account for why no departure taxes had been collected.
The term "Gericht" (court in modern German) in eighteenth century Germany "consisted of three to seven persons from the village, the richer farmers and citizens, generally able to read and write. They served without pay to perform minor judicial and legislative functions. They judged in cases, wrote inventories, set precedents as necessary and had authority over citizens, inhabitants and strangers in the place alike." At the head of the Gericht, as its chairman, but at the same time as the executive was the Schultheiss.14
Wilhelm Mengel and George Becker would have taken the Rhine River to Rotterdam. The Rhine River begins in the Swiss Alps, and flows north for over 700 miles to Rotterdam, Holland where it enters the North Sea. They possibly began their journey down the Rhine at Mannheim, about 10 miles to the east of Gönnheim. From Mannheim to Rotterdam was a distance of about 350 miles, and in the 1700s an average of 29 toll stations existed from Mannheim to Rotterdam. The trip to Rotterdam would take several weeks, and fees imposed were arbitrary, inconsistent, and unpredictable. The general rule was "whatever the traffic will bear." Delays were frequent while goods were inspected.15 On reaching Rotterdam, they would contract with English ships to take them to America.
Gottlieb Mittelberger, a German emigrant, who made the journey in 1750 and arrived in Philadelphia aboard the Osgood recorded an account of his journey down the Rhine River and across the Atlantic. He described the journey down the river as slow because of the many customs stops, where money had to be spent to obtain food. In Rotterdam he had to wait for five weeks for passage to America, and he had to spend a considerable portion of his funds for food and lodging.
Aboard the ship the "people are packed densely, like herrings so to say." "There is on board these ships terrible misery, stench, fumes, horror, vomiting, many kinds of sickness, fever, dysentery, headache, heat, constipation, boils, scurvy, cancer, mouth-rot, and the like, all of which come from old and sharply salted food and meat, also from very bad and foul water so that many die miserably...Among the healthy, impatience sometimes grows so great and cruel that one curses the other, or himself and the day of his birth, and sometimes comes near killing each other...Children from 1 to 7 years rarely survive the voyage; and many times parents are compelled to see their children miserably suffer and die from hunger, thirst and sickness, and then to see them cast into the water." On his voyage he "witnessed such misery in no less than 32 children in our ship, all of whom were thrown into the sea...warm food is served only three times a week, the rations being very poor and very little. Such meals can hardly be eaten, on account of being so unclean. The water which is served on the ships is often very black, thick and full of worms, so that one cannot drink it without loathing, even with the greatest thirst...Toward the end we were compelled to eat the ship's biscuit which had been spoiled long ago; though in a biscuit there was scarcely a piece the size of a dollar that had not been full of red worms and spiders' nests." Many adults also died a high percentage arrived ill. The average Atlantic crossing took about eight to twelve weeks.
Mittelberger stated that the cost of passage on the Rhine from Mannheim to Rotterdam is "at least 40 florins no matter how economically one may live..." For the trip from Rotterdam to Philadelphia the cost for a passenger over 10 years of age was 10 pounds British money or 60 florins German money, with children from 5 to 10 paying half price, and under 5 years, free. Adding in provisions, tolls and tariffs, he estimated "with the greatest economy, many passengers have spent 200 florins from home to Philadelphia."16
Johan Wilhelm Mengel, listed as age 42, arrived at Philadelphia on 24 September 1753 on the Ship Peggy. It had been sailed by Captain James Abercrombie from Rotterdam, and last from Plymouth. Also on board and listed on the ship manifest immediately after William Mengel was George Baker, age 25.17 Both signed with their marks. Using Mittelberger's cost as an estimate, the trip for Wilhelm Mengel, wife and children probably ran a minimum 600 florins, or 100 pounds English money. For the average German, it took all their worldly fortune to emigrate to the New World.
The first record found of William Mengel after this is in a 1758 tax list for Warwick Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
William Mengel's will was probated 27 April 1780 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.18
In the Name of God Amen I William Mengel of Warwick Township in the County of Lancaster and Province of Pennsylvania yeoman being old and weak of Body but of sound & disposing Mind Memory and Understanding calling to Mind the uncertainty of Human Life and that it is ordered for all Men once to die I therefore make this as my last Will and Testament, recommending my Immortal Spirit in the Hands of my great Creator who gave it and my Body to the Earth in hopes of a glorious resurrection through the Merits of Jesus Christ my Redeemer and as to my Worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me I bequeath the same in Manner following. First I order that all my Just Debts and Funeral Expences be paid and discharged by my Executors as soon as conveniently may be after my decease. Item I give and bequeath unto my well beloved Wife Catharine all my Tract of land whereon I now Live Together with my Houses and Buildings thereon errected and being Together also with all my Beds, Money, Debts, Horses, Cows, Kitchen furniture of all other my Household Goods and Furniture of what Name so ever. To hold my sd Real and Personal Estate unto my said Wife Catharine for and during her natural Life and to have use and enjoy the same to her use and Support without any Molestation or interruption of my Children or without being answerable for the same to them or any of them. But after the decease of my said Wife then it is my Will and I do hereby give unto my Step son John Stamm out of the Estate so left by my said Wife the sum of Four pounds Lawfull Money of Pennsylvania which shall be his whole Share out of my Real and Personal Estate and the residue and remainder of my said real and Personal Estate which shall be left by my said wife after her decease I order that it then shall be divided amongst my Three Sons, viz. John John George, and Frederick share alike, so that the meaning of this my Will is that my said wife shall have and enjoy all my Real and Personal Estate during her Natural life and that my said Three Sons shall be equal Shares in the residue and remainder of the Estate so left by my Wife after her decease, and that my said sons shall have no manner of Claim to my Estate wither either Real or Personal untill the decease of my said Wife. And lastly I nominate and appoint my said beloved Wife Catharina whole and sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament making hereby null an void all former and other Will or Wills by me heretofore made and declaring this and not other to be my last Will and Testament In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and Seal this Fourteenth Day of June in the year of our Lord one Thousand seven hundred and seventy three. Signed Sealed published pronounced and declared by the Testator as his last Will and Testament in the presence of us (-?-) Erb, Johannes Erb Jun, Joseph Gingrich
William Mengle appeared in the 1777 Warwick Township, Lancaster County tax list with 10 acres of land, no horses or mares, 1 horned cattle and no sheep. In the 1778 the listing was the same. No Mengel appeared in the 1779 tax list for Warwick Township, but the 1780 list contains Widow Mengel with 5 acres of land, and George Mengel, freeman (single). The Widow Mengel also appeared in the 1781 Lancaster County tax list in Warwick Township.
1. R.B. Strassburger and W.J.Hinke, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, (Springfield, Virginia: Genealogical Books in Print, 1982), Vol 1, pp. 545, 547, 549.
2. Gönnheim Evangelisch Church Records, FHL microfilm 0237601, p. 55 (1740) "9t 8bris war Anna Margaretha wayl. Hermann Mengels, gewesener burga ol: Jnwohners Zu Stadecken hinterblieben wittib Engrabo seines 73 Jahre 9 monats weniger etlich tage."
3. Werner Hacker (1987) Auswanderungen aus Rheinfalz und Saarland im 18.Jahrhundert, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart, Bundesrepulbik Deutschland, p. 549.
4. Carl Julius Mengel, Beitrag zur Namen und Familienforschung Mengel (Hanover, 1980.)
5. Strassburger and Hinke, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Vol. 1, pp. 323-326.
6. Henry Z. Jones, Jr., The Palatine Families of New York, (Universal City, CA, 1985) p. 613.
7. Henry Z. Jones, Jr., More Palatine Families, (Universal City, CA, 1991) p. 517.
8. Gönnheim Evangelisch Church Records, FHL microfilm 0247601, p. 55. (1740) "17t 9bris war Wilhelm Mengel und dasan ehel. hausfrau Sara ein Jugal (sic) tochterlein nahmans Christina begraben seines altar 1 Jahr weniger 5 woche."
9. Gönnheim, birth register, p. 21 "Anna Dorothea Nat: 30t Xbris vormittags um (9?) Bapt: 31t ejusdem darauft der vatter war Wilhelm Mengel, die mutter Anna Sera Tauftzeugen war Anna Dorothea wayl. Johann Philipp Hirtzberger ehelich tochter."
10. Gönnheim marriage register, p. 153. (1749) "1t 8bris copulirt Johann Wilhelm Mängel, wittwer und burger dahier, mit Anna Catharina, weyl. Conrad Stammer gewesener Gemeindsmanns zu Bibelheim nachgelassaner wittib."
11. Biebelnheim Evangelisch Church Records, FHL microfilm 1478510, pp. 137, 144, 148, 183, 279, 280. Conrad Stamm was the son of Martin Stamm of Thamingen in the Swiss and Schaffhausen jurisdiction, and Maria Margaretha, daughter of Niclas Wolff, parishoner at Biebelnheim. Conrad first married on 21 July 1739 to Anna Catharina, the proper legitimate daughter of Johann Henrichs Schmitt of Windesheim in Prince Talmisher jurisdiction. She died on 9 8bris (Oct.) 1741 from dysentery and typhoid fever and was buried on the 10th, her age being 25 1/2 years. They had a daughter Johanna Maria baptized on 4 May 1740, with the sponsor being Johanna Maria the wife of Johann Georg Haub. (pp. 167, 183, 97, 271)
12. Gönnheim Evangelisch Church Records, FHL microfilm 0193687, p. 1.
13. Oberamtsprotokollern (Jahrgang 1753) des Oberamts Neustadt, p. 272 at Landesarchiv Speyer, Postfach 1608, 67326 Speyer, Germany. "Schultheß und gericht zu Gönnheim berichten das der bibherige dasige burgers Wilhelm Mengel and Johann George Becker mit irhe weib und Kinder in Pensylvanium zuzuher widens Segen."
14. Annette Kunselman Burgert, Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America Volume 1: The Northern Kraichgau, (Breinigsville, PA: The Pennsylvania German Society, 1983) pp. 15-16.
15. Richard Remer, Toll Stations Along the Rhine, in The Palatine Immigrant, Vol. XXI, No. 3, June 1996, pp. 116-125.
16. James M. Freed, The Mason-White Family History, (Baltimore: Gateway Press, Inc., 1990) pp. 858-860.
17. Strassburger and Hinke, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Vol. 1, pp 545, 547, 549.
18. William Mengel Will, Lancaster Co., PA Will Bk. D: 138-139, FHL microfilm 0,021,355.
Father: * Hermann MENGEL
Mother: * Anna Margaretha -?- b: Jan 1667
Anna Sara -?-
- Christina MENGEL b: Oct 1739 in Gönnheim, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
- Anna Dorothea MENGEL b: 30 Dec 1741 in Gönnheim, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
* Anna Catharine HIRSCHNERS b: in Stadecken, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
1 Oct 1749
in Gönnheim, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
- Johann Oswald MENGEL b: bap. 14 Oct. 1750 in Gönnheim, (now) Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany
- Frederick MENGEL
- John George MENGEL b: say 1757 in PA
- * John MINGLE b: say 1760 in Lancaster Co., PA
- (Catharina)? MENGEL b: say 1762 in PA