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  • ID: I198
  • Name: Richard SWEATNAM
  • Surname: Sweatnam
  • Given Name: Richard
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: in England
  • Death: 21 Jul 1697 in Talbot County, Maryland
  • _UID: 11928F6F9731D5118680EF90A100BA0B3A4A
  • Note:
    1. Sweatnam, Richard
    WC:758 Film No.: SR 7549
    Of St. Mary's Co., immigrated by 1677 with Mary, his wife, John, his son, & Jonas Screws
    Transcript. 15:425 [SR 4327]; 20:275 [SR 7361]
    MSA SC 4341-6956

    2. Immigrations of SWETNAMs to Maryland;

    1675 - William SWETNAM Richard SWETNAM, to St. Mary?s County.
    1677 - Mary SWETNAM, wife of Richard.
    1677 - John SWETNAM, son of Richard.
    1678 - Jeffrey SWETNAM
    1680 - Edward SWETNAM, came to Kent County.

    3. The Archives of Maryland-Preceedings and Acts of the Assembly of Maryland 1666-1676 in An act for payment and assessing the publick charges of this Province -May-June 1676 voted that Richard Sweatnam, carpenter, be payed at Worke (more that Capt. Quigly is bound to by Act of Assembly) that he shall doe about the gate and doorcase of the State House.

    The "History of Talbot County, Maryland 1661-1861" pp. 207,212,213,215,216 speaks of the fact that the court was held in various places until 1679. On the 17th of June 1679 we have this record: "The court hath ordered Major William Coursey to treate with Richard Swetman to come to the aforesaid house to keep ordinary and also to treate concerning the building of a Court House." He built the County Court House on the Wye River and was paid
    150,000 lbs. of tobacco.

    4. In 1671 Richard Sweatnam built a gristmill on the Wye River on the Eastern Shore. Over 300 years later, there is still a mill operating on the site, making it the oldest commercial enterprise in Queen Anne's or Talbot Counties. It was used as a boundary marker between counties in 1706 and supplied the Continental Army with flour.

    5. Talbot Co. Maryland Records

    061. 16 Mar. 1685 William Hemsley of Talbot, Gent. and Cornelia his wife, to Richard Sweatnam, Gent. - 900 acres called "Chesterfield" on Coursica Creek in Chester River. Wit: Griffith Jones, Tho. Vaughn, Mich. Earll

    6. Between 1681 and October 1690 Richard Sweatnam acquired 1,980 acres of land. During those years while he was buying land, he was wearing several hats. His wage earning profession was that of Carpenter.

    7. Archives of Maryland ONline Maryland State Archves

    Information on role of Richard Sweatnam in building Talbot County Court House

    Volume 545, Page 143

    TALBOT COUNTY

    The history of the early seats of justice in Talbot County is perhaps as confused as any in the State of Maryland.1 There is adequate proof that the courts of Kent County, of whichTalbot County was then a part, were held on Kent Island, now a part of Queen Anne's County,from 1647 to 1654; and they were probably held there for some years afterward.2

    The exact date and manner of erection of Talbot County is not known. However, it was surely in existence by February 18, 1661/62 when a writ was issued to the sheriff by the Council. Its bounds as they exist today were not fixed until the erection of Caroline County in 1773.

    The first court record which has been preserved is for the April term of 1662 and that court was held at the home of Mr. William Coursey. The second court, held the following June, met at the home of Richard Woolman and it appears to have continued to meet in the homes of the various justices for some years thereafter.

    At a court held August 27, 1674, at the house of Jonathan Hopkinson on Wye River the said Hopkinson contracted to sell his house and ten acres of land to the justices and he also contracted to build a prison for the use of the county.3 The agreement with Hopkinson was revised at the ensuing March term to enlarge the taking to twenty acres. The amount paid him is not definitely known; but as he was allowed 10,000 pounds of tobacco in the next levy, it is reasonable to assume that such was his price for land, house and building of the prison. In June of 1679, the justices agreed with Elizabeth Winkles for her to occupy part of the house which was then used "to Keepe Court in," 4 and at the same time one of the justices was authorized to treat with Richard Swetnam about keeping ordinary in the same house and also about building a new courthouse.

    Courthouse at York

    This new courthouse is assumed to have been built on the same site, perhaps on the south side of Skipton Creek and close by Wye Landing. At the March meeting of court, 1679/80, a detailed agreement was entered into between the justices and Swetnam. Unfortunately, the "Ruff Plott heere annexed" has not survived, but the detail is sufficient to give us a fairly good idea of what this first specially built courthouse for Talbot County looked like.

    This Indenture made the sixteenth day of March one thousand six hundred seaventy and nine between Richard Woolman Major William Coursey Coll: Philemon Loyd Edward Mann Capt. George Cowley James Murphy William Combes Comissionrs. for the County of Talbott of the one party & Richard Swetnam Carpenter of the other party Wittnesseth that it is Covenanted granted bargained Concluded and agreed by & between the said parties in manner and forme following that is to say that the sd.Richard Swetnam for himself his heirs Executrs & Admrs doth covenant in manner & forme as hereafter from Article to Article doth ensue & follow that is to say that the sd. Richard Swetnam att his owne Propper Cost & charges shall forthwith sett aboute & Prosecute the building of one County Court house upon the County Land in Wye River in Talbott County the sd. building to be according to Ruff Plott heere annexed that is to say fifty foote by twenty-three with a Court Hall of eighteene foote by eighteene with a Porch eight foote by eight the whole building to be of three stories

    Pitcht, the first twelve foote in the cleere the second nine-foote & the third Eight foote with an Italion or hip1. Roofe with Lutarnes hipt, with twelve Archytryve Windowes in the two Cleere storyes with Cornishes over the heads of the Windowes two of them in the Court Hall of eight foote by seaven the Rest five by six with seaven or eight Lutarne Windowes in the Roofe together with two stacks of brick Chimneys of fower harths of eight foote within the Gaumes with a fayre open vill [well] stare Casse up unto the Roofe haveing severall partitions with folding Wenscoatt dores where nessisary the lower Dores p[b]olectioned with two chimney pieces for the lower roomes The Court Hall to be wenscoated Raild & banisterd seald & inclosed in such forme & manner & as Comendable as in the Provinciall State House with good & sufficient light Clapboard Covering & Weather Boarding with a Second Covering the second yeare after finished the whole building to be pform'd & finished att his the sd Swetnams owne Charge saving Glass hooks hinges boltes & locks onely excepted; with all brick laying & plastering worke & under Pining with brick or stone wch is to be done by some knowne woorkman who is suffitiently to Calk Render wash & stopp the whole building & Prime the Windowes in Oyle Coll: Philemon Loyd to provide & finde him Colores that the whole woorke to be substantially built woorkman Like & that all the several! timbers therto be good proportion & of such regular scanling as shall be reasonably advised by any good Archytecktare in Consideration of wch bargains Covenants Promises Articles & agreements of the part of the sd. Richard Swetnam by him his heyrs Executrs or Admrs well & truly to be pformed fulfilled & kept as aforesd the sd. Richard Woolman Major William Coursey Coll: Philemon Loyd Edward Mann Capt. George Cooly James Murphy William Combes Comissionrs for the County aforesd have agreed to pay in behalfe of the sd County unto him the srt Richard Swetnam his heyres exms Admrs or assignes one hundred & thirty thousand pounds of tobacco one Moyty att the sealing & delivery of these presents ....... 5

    This building seems to have been completed before 1685.6 The settlement which built up around it came to be known as York, and from time to time facilities for lodging and victualling of man and beast expanded to meet the needs of a growing population. The courthouse itself ministered to some of the needs, for in spite of the court order of 1684, an ordinary was kept in the courthouse and in 1697 it returned a fair revenue to the county.7

    An act of 1706 provided for the erection of Queen Anne's County.8 When the lines had been settled, York was still in Talbot County but on the edge rather than in the center as theretofore. At the court session of August 21, 1706, a commission was appointed to select a new site for the county seat and the last session of court was held at York on June 17, 1707.

    1 Much of the material given here is derived f rom Oswald
    Tilghman, History of Talbot County Maryland, Baltimore, 1915,
    Vol. II, 200-245.
    2 Ibid., II, 202.

    8. Talbot County Land Records

    TALR 7:186 - John Brown, cordwainer, and wife Jane, on 18 Sep 1695 conv. to Richard Sweatnam, Gent., 200 a. on the eastern side of main branch of King's Creek called "Brown's Lott".

    TALR 4:227 - On 10 Sep 1683, William Gross and wife Hester, conv. 220 a., a moiety of "Abington", laid out for Roger Gross, Gent., to Richard Sweatnam, Gent.

    9. Records of Carpenters' Hall, London 1654-1694 Apprentices from Gloucestershire
    by Bower Marsh
    This list was published originally in Gloucestershire Notes & Queries, vol. X, No. 91, April-June 1914; pp76-80.
    This transcription by Rosemary Lockie 2001

    28 Dec. 1660. 50.12 John SWEATNAM, son of Richard SWEATNAM, of Bristol, carpenter, to Gilbert ELDER, of Cannon Street, for eight years.
    5 April 1664. 75.55 Richard SWETNAM, son of Richard SWETNAM, of Bristol, carpenter, to Edward STILES, of Goodmans Yard, Aldgate parish.

    10. St. Mary's City Men's Career Files MSA SC 5094

    Sweatnam, Richard ( ? - ? )
    Wife: 1. Mary, 2. Jane. Siblings: Edward, Elizabeth. Children: John, William. Moved to Talbot around 1679. Land at death: 5000 a. plus.
    1 2 3 4 5 6
  • Change Date: 14 Feb 2005 at 22:00:00



    Father: SWEATNAM

    Marriage 1 Mary b: in England
      Children
      1. Has Children John SWEATNAM b: 1654 in England
      2. Has Children William SWEATNAM b: ABT 1680

      Marriage 2 Jane

        Sources:
        1. Title: Will of Richard Sweatnam in 1697 in Talbot County, MD. at MD State Archives
          Text: Additional proof that Wiilliam Sweatnam (1680-1719) was the son of Richard Sweatnam (d. 1697) from Richard's will of 1697 (in complete will but not in transcripts): "my will is (abbrev. not clear) my son Wm Sweatnam be at age when he shall arrive at the age of Twenty-years to take such estates in his hands all such estate as are hereby before devised". So, Richard's son William was under 20 in 1697 when he wrote his will. Therefore, William (1680-1719) was the son of Richard and brother of John (NOT the son of John and grandson of Richard.

          Complete transcript of Will of Richard Sweatnam:

          In the name of God Amen. I Richard Sweatnam of Talbot Coty in ye province of Maryld gent being Sick & weakof body yet of sound & perfect memory do make ordain & appoint this to be my last will & Testament - revoking & annulling & making void all other wills here to-fore by me made ? and ?. I commit my soul to all mighty god my Creator hoping and fully assur'd yt. thro"" ye death & Precious blood of Jesus Christ to receive pardon and redemption of all my Sins and my body to the Earth to be buryed in such decent manner as to my Exec'ors hereafter named shall think meek & convent - and for all such wordly goods as ye lord of his great Mercy and of his boundless goodness hath been pleased to be stown upon me I do here by bestow and beq'th ye same in manner & form following - Item. I give and beq'th unto my son John Sweatnam all yt Planta'n where in he now liveth that is to say four Hund'd acres of land being ye Planta'n where on Ro ellis formerly dwelt called ye name of Providence for and during his natural life. Item. I give and beq'th unto my s John Sweatnam all yt tract or(?) all of land lying up Chester River and now in Kent Couty containing twelve Hundred acres of land formerly taken up by one Rich. Clayton and called ye name of Roylcon(?) to him and he heirs of his body lawfully begot for ever and - if it should Happen yt my Son should die not having issue lawfully gegotten y't y'n ye s'a land Shall descend to my son Wm and ye Heirs of his body lawfully Begotten and if he s. Wm should Happen to die not leaving issue of his body lawfully begotten That then y't s'd land to go to my beloved Sister Eliz. Worrilow and her heirs for ever. Item. I give and geq'th to my Son William to him and his heirs lawfully all ye remaining left of my lands with in this province that is to say one Tract of land called green Springs containing Six Hund'd acres also pt of one Tract of land called Wilton containing Sixty acres of land one tract of land called Bodwell containing two Hund'd & fifty acres of land allso pt of a tract of land called Indian Neck containing one Hund'd Seventy & five acres of land allso one tract of land called Hemsleys farm contain'g Three Hund'd forty & eight acres all so one ? all of land called Paxton lott conta'g one Hund'd acres of land all sa y't tract or ? all of land called Poplar ridge conta'g four Hund'd acres of land allso y't y't of a tract of land called Hoptown contain'g Three Hund'd acresof land - all so y't tract of land calle Down;s farm contain'g three Hund'd acres of land all sa, y't tract or ? of land called Bedgartor contain'g three Hund'd acres of land all so sa. y't tract or parcell(?) of land Chestifield contain'g nine Hund'd acres of land all so y't one tract of land called H(?)acton contain two Hund'd & fifty acres of land all so one tract of land called noon fields cont'g one Hund'd & twenty and four acres of land all so one trackof land called Boswells containing teo Hund'd acres of land. But, if my s'd Son William Sweatnam should happen to die and he at that time not leaving issue of his body lawfully begotten y't y'n all ye afsd lands before cited by me to my s'd Son to go unto my son John Sweatnam and ye Heirs of his body lawfully begotten.

          Richard Sweatnam

          and in case my sd two Sons shall both die and neither of them Shall have issue of their Body lawfully begotten y't then all ye afsd lands and everypt and parcell thereof to go to my s's Sister Eliza'h Worrilow and her heirs for ever. Item. my will is y't y't tract of land called Providence after the death of my s'd John Sweatnam Shall descend unto my son Wm Sweatnam and the Heires of his body lawfully begotten and if my s'd son Wm Should Happen to die not leaving issue of his bofy lawfully begotten y't then ye s'd tract of land called Providence shall go to the heirs of my son John Sweatnam for Ever but in case it should so happern y't there should be no Heirs of my son John Sweatnam of his body lawfully begotten y't y'n ye s'd land called Providence to go to my s'd Sister Eliz Worrilow & her Heirs and if it should happen y't my s'd Sister should happen to die not leave issue of her body lawfully begotten y't y'n all ye foregoing devised primises to go to my right heirs on my mothers line for ever. Item. my will is y't y't my son Wm Sweatnam be at age when he shall arrive at ye age of twenty years to take such estate ? his lands all such estate as are hereby before described. Item. My will is y't my water Mil(ue?) at ye headof wye river in Talbot Co'ty be equally divided between my s'd son wm and my beloved wife & their Heirs for ever but in case my s'd wife should happen to Marry ? ye s'd mill should be kept in repair wholly at ye cost and charges of my s'd wife's Husband whom She shall marry & y't y'n ye entire half profitt to be unto my s'd son Wm and his heirs for Ever with out any charges to be deducted out of the Same for any manner of charge in ye reparation of ye s'd Mill. Item. I give and beq'th all the remaining pt of my Estate w'ch ye lord of his Mercy hath been pleased of his Mercy to bestow upon me unto my son Wm but in case my s'd son should die before he comes to ye age of 20 years y't y'n ye s'd estate to go to my s'd son John Sweatnam. Item. my will & meaning is y't my well beloved Brother Edw'd Sweatnam and Mr ? Hanson be my true and lawfull Exc's to see this my will & Testam't to be fuly & Truly to be executed & performed in witniss here of I have here unto set my hand & fixed my Seal this first day of July Anno Domi 1697

          Rich'd Sweatnam

          Exs.: Brother Edward Sweatnam. Hans Hanson
          Test.: Jon. Rolph, Edward Stevenson, Robt. Moore, Thos. Cox, Francis Bullen, Sarah Ralph, Wm. Hemsley.

          7. 304

          Will of William Sweatnam

          In the name of God amen. May 23th: 1719. I William Sweatnam of Queen ann County Being Sick in Body Butt of good and Perfect Mind and Memory thanks be to almighty God and Calling to Remembrance the uncertainty of this Life Doe make ordaine Constitute order and Declear this my last Will and Testament in manner and forme following Revoking and annulling By These Prefence(?) all and every other Will and Wills theretofore By me and Declared Either by word or In Writing and this only is to be taken for My Last Will and Testament and first Being hartily Sorry for My Sines Past I most Humbly Desire forgiveness of the Same. I Commit My Soul to all mighty God trusting to be Saved through the merrits of Jesus christ and My Body to be Buryed where it shall Please. My executrix hereafter named to appoint and as to the Settling of my Temporal Estate as it hath Pleased god to bestow on me I do ? Give and Dispose of the Same in manner and form following.
          Item. I Give and bequeath to My well beloved wife Sarah During her natural Life this Tract of Land wherein I now Live Called and Known by the name of Chesterfield. Likewise I give to my above said wife Part two Tracts of Land of one called Camberwell three-hundred acres the other Stepny two hundred acres the above said Lands Namely Chamberwell and Stepny to her heirs forever.
          Item. I Give and Bequeath to My Daughter Ester one Tract of Land Called Green Spring Six hundred and fifty acres Likewise a Tract of Land called Paxton Lott one hundred acres Likewise a tract Land Called Hopton Three hundred acres to her and the heirs of her Body Lawfully Begotten forever.
          Item. I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah one Tract of Land Called Sweatnam?s Hope one hundred & twenty acres Likewise one Tract Land Called Hemsley Farme three hundred forty eight acres Likewise part Tract of Land Called abbington two hundred acres Likewise a Tract Land Called Poplar Ridge for hundred acres to her and the heirs of her Body Lawfully Begotten forever.
          Item. I Give and bequeath unto the Child which My wife is Now with one Tract of Land Called Chester field after My wifes Death it being the Land whereon I now Live Containing nine hundred acres Likewise one Tract Land Called Providence four hundred acres Likewise a Tract Land Called Sweatnam?s Lott fifty acres to the above mentioned Child whom my wife is now with and his or her heirs of his or her body Lawfully Begotten forever.
          Item. My will is that if Either of my two Daughters namely either Ester or Sarah or the Child which my wife is now with Dye in there minority or without Lawfull Heirs Then to be equally Divided among the Rest of my Children the Lands which I bequeathed to that Child or children Dying Either in its minority or without issue.
          Item. I will ordain that the Executrix of this my Last will and Testament for and Toward the Performance of this my Last will and Testament Shall at her Discretion Bargain Sell and alien in fee Simple all those Lands as ? ? ? Tract Land Called Bridge water three hundred acres Morefields and Morefields Addition one hundred twenty fore acres Browne Lott two hundred acres ? ? less acres for the Due Execution and Perfect finishing whereof I Do by these Presents give grant will and transfer to my Said Executrix ? To her Ex adm full Power and authority to grant alien Bargain Sell Convey and assure the Before mentioned Tracts Land namely Bridgewater Morefields and Morefields Addition Brown Lott ? To any Person or Persons and Their heirs forever in fee Simple By all and Every such Means and ways Lawfully in the Law as to My Said Executrix or to her counsell Learned in the Law Shall Seem fit for the Support of her Self and my Children as towards their good maintenance and Likewise good education(?)
          Item. My will is that after my just Debts being paid that the Remainder of my Personal Estate Be Divided among my Children & wife this the one third to my wife and the Remainder Equally among my Children.
          Item. I Doe Ordain and appoint my well beloved wife Sarah my whole and Sole Executrix of this my Last will and Testament Desalloving (?) All other wills Either by word or writing By me made heretofore
          Item. My will is that my wife and Children Live together till my Children Come to the age of Sixteen or Day of marriage at which age or time my will is that my above named Children Enjoy their Estates given By me in Witness whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seal the Day and Year first written.

          Signed & Seal and acknowledge
          in the presents of

          W Sweatnam

          W. Clayton
          W. Carmichael
          George Hutchinson his mark
          John Hutcherson

          July 8 1720 Then came William Clayton Walter Carmichael George Hutchason & John Hutchason witnesses to the within writing and Did make Oath on the Holy Evangelist that they Saw William Sweatnam Late of Queen anns County Devree(?) Sign Seale and heard him Pronounce and Declear the Same to be his Last will and Testament and that at that time he was of Sound and Perfect Mind & memory Before me

          Ro Jones ??
        2. Title: Land Record, Maryland State Archives, Annapolis, MD
          Text: 17 Nov. 1703 William Sweatnam of Kent County, Gent., to Vincent Hemsley of Talbot, Gent. - moiety or half of "Indian Neck" in Wye River which Richard Sweatnam, the deceased father of William Sweatnam, formerly bought of George Aldridge of Talbot. Wit: James Lloyd, Edward Bonwicke 18 Nov. 1704 Acknowledged before William Coursey and M.T. Warde
        3. Title: Court Proceedings
          Text: One more piece of evidence proving that William Sweatnam (1654-1719) was the younger son of Richard. From "Colonial Families of the Eastern shore of Maryland" vol. 4 by Cristou and Wright. In this book, there is mention of a court proceedings in 1741 that reads "cov. to Sweatnam Burn, only son and heir of Hannah Burn, eldest dau. of John Sweatnam, eldest son of Richard Sweatnam of TA CO., dec'd."
        4. Title: Extensive research data provided by Margaret Sweatt of Mississippi
        5. Title: Research results provided by Joseph Dickerson of Delaware, Cathy Downes of Maryland and Judy Sidor.
        6. Title: Skordas Book
          Text:

          Sweatnam, Edward Rights 1680 of Kent Co.
          Sweatnum, William Service 1675
          Sweatnam, Richard Immigrated 1677 of St. Marys Co.
          Mary Transported 1677 wife of Richard
          ,John Transported 1677 son of Richard
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