Name: William SWEATNAM
Given Name: William
Birth: ABT 1680
Death: 1719 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
1. Lived at "Chesterfield"
1 2 3 4
Change Date: 28 Feb 2005 at 22:00:00
There were two tracts (actually three) called "Chesterfield". The Sweatnam's owned the 900 A. tract originally patented by Wm. Hemsley and sold to Richard Sweatnam. This tract "Chesterfield" had the mill on it. The second tract was 400 A. "Chesterfield" sold by Hemsley to P. Peterson who sold it to Ed. Smith. Smith's daughter Rachel married Solomon Clayton . This "CChesterfield" plantation was in the Clayton family for many years and was not part of the Centreville land, both on Corsica Creek.
2. From Cathy Downes:
From "Wye Oak: The History of a Great Tree" by Dickson J. Preston, p. 25
One such example is the way in which he acquired the Wye Mill, which had been built at the head of the East Wye River prior to 1672 (and is still operating today).
The mill was operated by William Sweatnam, son of the Richard Sweatnam who had treated Bennett's mother so rudely in the arms raid of 1689. Richard Sweatnam had purchased it - or thought he purchased it - from Edward Barrowcliff, and had bequeathed it to his wife and son, William, on his death in 1697. So widepread was the belief that the Sweatnams owned it that it was named "Sweatnam's Mill" in the legislative act creating Queen Anne's County in 1706.
But Bennett thought otherwise, and he was accustomed to getting what he wanted. In 1702, for reasons unknown, he decided he wanted Sweatnam's Mill. Perhaps it was simply because it was a going business concern - or perhaps he relished the idea of taking revenge on the family of the man who had dared to insult the pround Henrietta Maria.
At any rate, he did some probing into old land records and discovered the original "Wilton" patent, which later Wye Mill operators had assumed to be invalid. He then looked up Thomas Williams, Jr. in Virginia and obtained a three year-lease on the proterty, based on Thomas, Sr.'s patent of 1665.
On March 20, 1702 (1703 by our present calendar) Bennett took physical possession of "Wilton", asserting the lease gave him the right to do so. Two days later he was forcibly evicted by one William Ringgold. Obviously the local law did not believe his lease was valid.
But Bennett now had what he wanted - a case he could take to court. He sued Ringgold for damages of 20.000 pounds of tobacco, secured a court-ordered resurvey of "Wilton", and proved, at least to the satisfaction of the court, that the original Williams title was the sound one. He also got a jury verdict against Ringgold, though for only a token sum.
Within days after his lease expired in 1705, Bennett bought "Wilton" and the neighboring "Wilton Addition", 1,350 acres in all, for 350 pounds sterling from Maurice Jones, who had bought it on a gamble from the Williamses for only 200 pounds while the court case was hanging fire. Jones in effect had been betting that Bennett would win - the Williams deed was worth nothing otherwise - and he made a handsome profit thereby.
Bennett then confronted Sweatnam with ultimatum: He could stay on at the mill, but only by leasing it on Bennett's harsh terms. The lease actually was filed in Talbot County land records, though without Sweatnam's signature. It spelled out in detail exactly how the tenant was to care for and repair the mill, pay his rent promptly, and return it "peacefullly" after 65 years. It must have been a bitter pill for Sweatnam to swallow - perhaps too bitter, for there is no evidence that he ever acutally served as tenant at the mill. He did appeal the case to Annapolis, but he might as well have saved his breath; Bennett's half brother, Edward Lloyd, was the most powerful man in the General Assembly. The Wye Mill reeemained a Bennett property.
3. First Kent, Irma Sweitzer, p. 69
p. 50 and 51
6 Oct 1705 William Sweatnam and Hannah his wife of Kent Co. to Robert Smith of TA Co., consideration of 1,000 acres of land to him delivered.... whereof he now is seized in fee simple... in Kent Co. situated on Morgan's Creek in Chester River... known as "Batchelor's Resoultion... and ofr consideration him therunto more especially moving ... give grant and sold all that parcell of land situate on Coursegall Creek in Kent Co. known as "Chesterfield" formerly surveyed for William Hemsley and by descent to his son and heir, William Hemsley, and by deed was conveyed to Richard Sweatnam who devised same to William Sweatnam... containing 900 acres as the patent appears. Wit: John Salter, John Jordan.
First Kent, Irma Sweitzer, p. 7
Whereas William Sweatnam and Hanna his wife by this indenture dated 1st Nov. 1705 did bargain and sell to Robert Smith a tract of land called Chesterfield, and we the aove of the recited deed of bargaina nd sale is hereby declared null and void to all intents and peuposes, never been made and that Willaim and Hanna are in as full large and ample estate as if the deed had never been made. 27 June 1706. Signed Rovert Smith. Ack. in presence of Thomas Smyth and John Jordan.
4. On Oct. 3, 1704, the Maryland Assembly (Assembly Proceedings p.362) passed an Act enabling William Sweatnam of Talbot Ciounty Gent., Devisee of Richard Sweatnam dec'd to sell Sixteen Hundred and twenty four acres of land. "Whereas Captain Richard Sweatnam late of Talbot County deceased by his last will and testament duly proved and recorded in the Office of the Judge for probatt of Wills and granting Administrations &c did devise unto his son William Sweatnam four thousand seven hundred and fifty seven acres of Land party of which were these following tracts called and containing as herein exprest (to witt) "Abington" two hundred acres, "Bodwell", two hundred fifty acres: "Down's Forrest", three hundred acres; "Bridgewater", three hundred acres; "Hacton", two hundred and fifty acres, "moorefields", one hundred and twenty four acres, and "Brown's Lott", two hundred Acres; in all sixteen hundred and twenty four acres lying in Talbot County and other Countys which by the said will were entailed on the said William Sweatnam and the heires of his body and in default thereof to his brother John Sweatnam and the heires of his body both which sons of the said Captain Richard Sweatnam that is to say William and John Sweatnam are now living and have issue of their bodys lawfully begotten and have apply'd to this Generall Assembly that in regard the said sixteen hundred and twenty four Acres of Land are forrest land and at present of little or no Advantage to the said William Sweatnam or in any considerable time likely to be so but that the rents thereof will in a small time surmound the value of the said lands there being now due therefore to the right honourable the Lord Proprietary one hundred and forty pounds sterl. The Gurgesses of this Generall Assembly do pray that it may be Enacted and Be Consent of her Majestys Governour Councill and Assembly of this Province and the Authority of the same that the said William Sweatnam for the reasons aforesaid be and is hereby Empowered (notwithstanding such entails by the last Will and Testament of the said Captain Richard Sweatnam or any other Law Statute or Usage to the Contrary) to sell or otherwise dispose of the aforesaid tracts of Land called Abington, Bodwell, Down's Forrest, Bridgewater, Hacton, Morrefields, and Brown's Lott containing sixteen hundred and twenty four Acres of Land to any persons whatsoever their heires and Assigns who by vertue of the Act and the Grant and Conveyance of the aforesaid severall tracts of land or any part of them by the said William Sweatnam to their heires and Assigns shall forever have hold occupy indefeazable Estate of Inheritance in fee simple, the force and effect of the said Will of the said Captain Richard Sweatnam or any Law Statute or usage to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.
Sept 21, 1704- Read and Assented to by the house of Delegates and also by her
Majestys Honerable Councill
Maryland October 3, 1704- On the behalf of her Majesty &c will this be a Law
5. Colonial High Sheriff's Of Queen Anne's County in 1714
Father: Richard SWEATNAM b: in England
Mother: Mary b: in England
in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
- Ester (Esther) SWEATNAM b: 1701 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
- Sarah SWEATNAM
- Title: A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789
Author: Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson
Publication: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1985
HOPPER, WILLIAM (by 1747-1806). BORN: between 1741 and 1747 in Queen Anne's County; only son. NATIVE: third generation. RESIDED: in Queen Anne's County (later became part of Caroline County) until 1785; Queen Anne's County, 1785 until death. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: William Hopper (1707-1772). MOTHER: Mary Anne (?-1747), daughter of Thomas Hynson Wright (1688-1747) and wife Mary Turbutt; granddaughter of Solomon Wright (ca. 1655-1717). STEPMOTHER: Sarah Dockery (?-ca. 1775). UNCLE: Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784). AUNT: Ann Wright (?-by 1754), who married Edward Oldham (1709 - 1773). SISTER: Mary Anne (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (? - a. 1793). HALF SISTERS: Mary; Elizabeth (1739 - 1806), who married Joseph Nicholson, Jr. (?-1786); Henrietta; Sally (?-1761); and Dorothy. FIRST COUSINS: Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Ann Oldham (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke (?-1781); Hannah Oldham (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca.1808). MARRIED first, by 1769 his first cousin Elizabeth (?-by 1776), daughter of Edward Oldham (1709-1773) and wife Ann Wright (?-by 1754); stepdaughter of Ann Goldsborough (1732-?); granddaughter of John Oldham (?-1729); stepgranddaughter of Nicholas Goldsborough (ca. 1689-1766); niece of Hannah Oldham (1702-1759), who married James Edge (ca. 1710-1757), Mary Anne Wright (?-1747), who married William Hopper(1707-1772), and Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784); stepniece of Thomas Goldsborough (ca. 1728-1793). Her sisters were Anne (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke(?-1781); Hannah (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca. 1808); and Mary (7-by 1772). Her first cousins were Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Mary Ann Hopper (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (?-ca. 1793). ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: by 1759 Elizabeth and her sister Anne were living with their aunt Hannah Oldham Edge from whom they inherited the lands of their uncle James Edge(ca. 1710-1757). MARRIED second, on April 17, 1776, Ann, daughter of Daniel Cox. CHILDREN: SONS William (?-1793); Daniel Cox (1777-?), a lawyer by 1807; Thomas Wright (1783-?), a surgeon's mate in the Thirty-eighth Regiment, Maryland Militia in 1808, who married on August 9, 1808, Ann Emory (ca. 1789-1821) Philemon Blake (1791-?), a lawyer, who married first, Rebecca (ca. 1794-1822), and second, on September 2, 1822, Margaret Anne Thomas, and William (a minor in 1807). DAUGHTERS: Sarah (1779-?); Mary (1787-?); and Anna Maria. PRIVATE CAREER EDUCATION: entered the University of Pennsylvania on May 3, 1762, attended until 1765, but did not graduate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican; Methodist by 1794. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent., 1767, subscriber to Washington College, Chestertown, Kent County. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: merchant, 1774, in partnership with James Kent (ca. 1738-1805); farmer, 1795. PUBLIC CAREER LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Convention, Caroline County, 5th, 1775; Lower House, Caroline County, 1780 (elected, but did not attend; resigned on November 1, 1780), 1781-1782, 1782 - 1783, 1783. LOCAL OFFICES: St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County, in office 1771-1774; justice, Queen Anne's County, commissioned 1773 and 1794; Committee of Correspondence, Caroline County, elected 1774; sheriff, Caroline County, commissioned 1774, 1775, 1777, and 1778; trustee for the poor, Queen Anne's County, 1801 - 1805. MILITARY SERVICE: captain Caroline County Militia, by 1777, colonel, by 1806. Criticized by Col. Mordecai Gist in a letter to Gov. Thomas Johnson after the Battle of Germantown in 1777 in which Hopper was said to have been attacked "with qualms of sickness" that forced him to leave his regiment when under attack. WEALTH DURING LIFE TIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value £1,015.0.0 current money, including 20 slaves 1783; at least 21 slaves, 1803. Declared insolvent in 1788, at which time his personal property included 59 slaves and 86 oz. plate; he was able to repurchase 21 of these slaves in 1803. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 3,167 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties (at least 1,028 acres inherited from his father; 1,877 acres through his first marriage, at least 1,297 acres of which was given to his wife in 1759 by her aunt Hannah Edge, widow of James Edge; and one-third share of 786 acres held in partnership with John Markland and John Brown). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: obtained 1,713 acres through his second marriage, 1776; charged with 4,246 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties, 1783; turned at least 4,753 acres over to trustees when he declared insolvency 1788; repurchased ca. 3,400 acres, 1803. WEALTH AT DEATH: Died: in late November 1806 in Queen Anne?s County; size of estate unknown.
- Title: Will of William Sweatnam in 1719 in Queen Anne's County at MD State Archives
Publication: Maryland Calendar of Wills, Vol 5 p 18
23rd May 1710
3rd July 1720
To dau. Esther and hrs. 650 acres "Green Spring," 100 acres "Paxton's Lott," and 300 acres "Hopton."
To dau. Sarah and hrs., 120 acres "Sweatnam Hope," 348 acres "Hemsley's Farme," 200 acres "Abbinton," and 400 acres "Poplar Ridge."
To unborn child, 900 a. "Chesterfields," at decease of wife; 400 acres Providence" and 500 acres "Sweatnam's Lot."
To wife Sarah, extx., dwelling plantation "Chesterfields: during life; 300 acres of Camberwell," 200 acres "Stepny," and 1/3 personal estate absolutely; residue of personal estate to child. afsd. equally; shd. any of sd. child. die during minority or without issue, survivors to inherit portion of dec'd.
Extx. is empowered to sell folowing tracts: 300 acres "Bridgewater," 124 acres "Morefields," and "Morefields Addition," 200 acres "Browne Lott," and 55 acres "Tryangle," for support of self and education of children, who are to live with wife Sarah until age of 16 or marriage, to receive thier portions at that age.
Test: William Clayton, Walter Carmichall, George Huchingson, John Hutcherson (Hutchason)
In the name of God amen. May 23th: 1719. I William Sweatnam of Queen ann County Being Sick in Body Butt of good and Perfect Mind and Memory thanks be to almighty God and Calling to Remembrance the uncertainty of this Life Doe make ordaine Constitute order and Declear this my last Will and Testament in manner and forme following Revoking and annulling By These Prefence(?) all and every other Will and Wills theretofore By me and Declared Either by word or In Writing and this only is to be taken for My Last Will and Testament and first Being hartily Sorry for My Sines Past I most Humbly Desire forgiveness of the Same. I Commit My Soul to all mighty God trusting to be Saved through the merrits of Jesus christ and My Body to be Buryed where it shall Please. My executrix hereafter named to appoint and as to the Settling of my Temporal Estate as it hath Pleased god to bestow on me I do ? Give and Dispose of the Same in manner and form following.
Item. I Give and bequeath to My well beloved wife Sarah During her natural Life this Tract of Land wherein I now Live Called and Known by the name of Chesterfield. Likewise I give to my above said wife Part two Tracts of Land of one called Camberwell three-hundred acres the other Stepny two hundred acres the above said Lands Namely Chamberwell and Stepny to her heirs forever.
Item. I Give and Bequeath to My Daughter Ester one Tract of Land Called Green Spring Six hundred and fifty acres Likewise a Tract of Land called Paxton Lott one hundred acres Likewise a tract Land Called Hopton Three hundred acres to her and the heirs of her Body Lawfully Begotten forever.
Item. I Give and bequeath to my Daughter Sarah one Tract of Land Called Sweatnam?s Hope one hundred & twenty acres Likewise one Tract Land Called Hemsley Farme three hundred forty eight acres Likewise part Tract of Land Called abbington two hundred acres Likewise a Tract Land Called Poplar Ridge for hundred acres to her and the heirs of her Body Lawfully Begotten forever.
Item. I Give and bequeath unto the Child which My wife is Now with one Tract of Land Called Chester field after My wifes Death it being the Land whereon I now Live Containing nine hundred acres Likewise one Tract Land Called Providence four hundred acres Likewise a Tract Land Called Sweatnam?s Lott fifty acres to the above mentioned Child whom my wife is now with and his or her heirs of his or her body Lawfully Begotten forever.
Item. My will is that if Either of my two Daughters namely either Ester or Sarah or the Child which my wife is now with Dye in there minority or without Lawfull Heirs Then to be equally Divided among the Rest of my Children the Lands which I bequeathed to that Child or children Dying Either in its minority or without issue.
Item. I will ordain that the Executrix of this my Last will and Testament for and Toward the Performance of this my Last will and Testament Shall at her Discretion Bargain Sell and alien in fee Simple all those Lands as ? ? ? Tract Land Called Bridge water three hundred acres Morefields and Morefields Addition one hundred twenty fore acres Browne Lott two hundred acres ? ? less acres for the Due Execution and Perfect finishing whereof I Do by these Presents give grant will and transfer to my Said Executrix ? To her Ex adm full Power and authority to grant alien Bargain Sell Convey and assure the Before mentioned Tracts Land namely Bridgewater Morefields and Morefields Addition Brown Lott ? To any Person or Persons and Their heirs forever in fee Simple By all and Every such Means and ways Lawfully in the Law as to My Said Executrix or to her counsell Learned in the Law Shall Seem fit for the Support of her Self and my Children as towards their good maintenance and Likewise good education(?)
Item. My will is that after my just Debts being paid that the Remainder of my Personal Estate Be Divided among my Children & wife this the one third to my wife and the Remainder Equally among my Children.
Item. I Doe Ordain and appoint my well beloved wife Sarah my whole and Sole Executrix of this my Last will and Testament Desalloving (?) All other wills Either by word or writing By me made heretofore
Item. My will is that my wife and Children Live together till my Children Come to the age of Sixteen or Day of marriage at which age or time my will is that my above named Children Enjoy their Estates given By me in Witness whereof I have hereunto Sett my hand and Seal the Day and Year first written.
Signed & Seal and acknowledge
in the presents of
George Hutchinson his mark
July 8 1720 Then came William Clayton Walter Carmichael George Hutchason & John Hutchason witnesses to the within writing and Did make Oath on the Holy Evangelist that they Saw William Sweatnam Late of Queen anns County Devree(?) Sign Seale and heard him Pronounce and Declear the Same to be his Last will and Testament and that at that time he was of Sound and Perfect Mind & memory Before me
Ro Jones ??.".
- Title: Extensive research data provided by Margaret Sweatt of Mississippi
- Title: Research results provided by Joseph Dickerson of Delaware, Cathy Downes of Maryland and Judy Sidor.