Nicholson

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  • ID: I112
  • Name: William HOPPER
  • Surname: HOPPER
  • Given Name: William
  • Prefix: Col.
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 11 Jul 1707 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
  • Death: 15 Apr 1772 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
  • _UID: 65918F6F9731D5118680EF90A100BA0B8D7B
  • Note:
    1. From: "A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789" by Edward C. Papenfuse et al., The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

    HOPPER, WILLIAM (1707 - 1772). BORN: on July 11, 1707, probably in Queen Anne's County; only son. NATIVE: second generation. RESIDED: on the Chester River, St. Paul's Parish, Queen Anne's County. FAMILY BACKGROUND: FATHER: William Hopper (7-1711), who immigrated from the Bishopric of Durham, England and resided in Queen Anne's County; a husbandman. GUARDIANS: Joseph Earle, 1726; Thomas Murphey, 1727. MOTHER: possibly Dorothy, of the Bishopric of Durham, England, his father's first wife; or possibly Mary, his father's second wife. SISTERS: Jane (of Dorothy); Jane (of Mary), one of whom was his half sister. MARRIED first, by 1739 Esther (?-1740), daughter of William Sweatnam (?-1720) and wife Sarah. Her sister was Sarah. MARRIED second, on May 21 1741, Mary Anne (?-1747), daughter of Thomas Hynson Wright (1688-1747) and wife Mary Turbutt Coursey; granddaughter of both Solomon Wright (ca. 1655-1717) and Michael Turbutt (? - 1696) and wife Sarah Foster, niece of Charles Wright ((?-1720), Foster Turbutt (1679-1720/21), and William Turbutt (1683/84-1739). Her brothers were Thomas Wright (?-ca.1784); Nathan Samuel Turbutt Wright (?-1792). Her sisters were Anne, who married Edward Oldham (1709-1773); Sarah. Her half sisters were Mary Coursey, who married Solomon Wright (?-ca. 1729); Elizabeth Coursey, who married Thomas Wilkinson (1700/1-ca. 1758). Her first cousins were Robert Norrest Wright (? ca. 1746/47); Sarah Turbutt (1706-1773), who married Nicholas Goldsborough (ca. 1689 - 1766); Elizabeth Turbutt (ca. 1708-?), who married Tench Francis(1701-1758); Anne Turbutt (1715-1766), who married John Goldsborough (1711-1778); Anna Maria Turbutt, who married Edward Tilghman (1713-1786); and Elizabeth Turbutt (?-ca. 1760), who married Thomas Harris (?-1760). Her nephew was Samuel Turbutt Wright (1749-1810). Her nieces were Ann Oldham (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke (?-1781); Elizabeth Oldham (?-by 1776), who married William Hopper (by 1747-1806); and Hannah Oldham (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca. 1808). MARRIED third, in 1763 Sarah (?-ca. 1775), widow of Matthew Dockery (?-1763). CHILDREN: Son William Hopper (by 1747-1806). DAUGHTERS: Mary, who married by 1772 Joseph Nicholson, Gent., of Kent County; Elizabeth (1739-1806), who married Joseph Nicholson, Jr. (?-1786); Henrietta (?-by 1772), who married by 1765 Hugh Neil, a clergyman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Mary Ann (1742-?), who married first, Philemon Charles Blake (?-1765), and second, James Bordley (?-ca. 1793); Sally (?-1761); and Dorothy, who married (first name unknown) Hutchings. PRIVATE CAREER EDUCATION: literate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican, Chester Church, St. Paul's Parish, Queen Anne's County. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Mr., 1734; Gent., 1736; Esq., 1756. ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: Hopper was called before the vestry of St Paul's Parish in 1762 to answer for his cohabitation with Jane Brown. They refused to separate, with Hopper stating that "she was his tenant, and a useful woman to him as being his Taylor, his barber, his laundress, and one who taught his young Negroes to sew." OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: carpenter, 1729; merchant, by 1737; built a school with Christopher Cox, by 1747. PUBLIC CAREER: LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Lower House, Queen Anne's County, 1745, 1745/4-1748, 1749-1751 (Bills of Credit 1), 1751-1754 (Arms and Ammunition 1-6), 1758-1761, 1770 (elected to the 3rd session to fill vacancy). LOCAL OFFICES: counter of tobacco plants, Queen Anne's County, appointed 1730; St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County, in office 1733-1737, 1740 1746, 1748-1751, 1754-1756; justice, Queen Anne's County, 1743-1772 (quorum, 1749-1772); sheriff, Queen Anne's County, 1754-1757; receiver or collector of land tax, Queen Anne's County, in office by 1756; deputy commissary, Queen Anne's County. 1758-1759. MILITARY SERVICE: captain, by 1746; major, by 1756; colonel, by 1758. WEALTH DURING LIFE TIME: LAND AT FIRST ELECTION. at least 3,287 acres in Queen Anne's County (at least 2,887 acquired through his first two marriages). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: acquired 1,021 additional acres in Queen Anne's County between 1747 and 1768 by purchase or patent; acquired 113 acres in Queen Anne's County apparently through his third marriage, ca. 1763; gave 2,187 acres in Queen Anne's County to his children by deeds of gift, between 1765 and 1772. WEALTH AT DEATH: Died: between February 5 and April 16, 1772, in Queen Anne's County. PERSONAL PROPERTY: TEV, 4,258.6.4 specie (including 31 slaves), 3 servants, 185.75 oz. plate, and books: FB, 1,263.4.7. LAND: at least 2,124 acres in Queen Anne's County.

    2. From: Colonial Families of the Eastern Shore, Vol. 4

    On 1 Jun 1765, William Hopper, Gent., conveyed to Mary Hopper, Hugh Neil and Henrietta his wife, Joseph Nicholson the Younger and his wife Elizabeth - the said Mary, Henrietta and Elizabeth, all being daus of William Hopper and his wife Esther, tenant by courtesy for life owing to his marriage to Ester , now dec., to the land called "Green Spring", 650 a: also 100 a Called "Paxton's Lott". QALR RTG: 157.

    On the same day Mary Hopper, Gentlewoman, of the first part to Hugh Neil of Philadelphia Co. [Oxford Twp-RTG:176] PA and his wife Henrietta of the second; and Joseph Nicholson the younger of Kent Co., attoryney-at law and his wife Elizabeth of the third part - all co-owners of Green Spring, 540 a. , and Paxton's Lott, 123 a. agreed to a division of the land. QALR RTG: 157. 158.

    3. On 1 Feb 1741 Thomas Hynson Wright gave to his dau. Mary Ann, wife of William Hopper, 200 a., part of Guilford, and other land. QALR RTB:448

    4. Will of William Hopper Sr.

    In the Name of God Amen. I William Hopper of Queen Anne's County gentleman being in midling State of Health But blessed with sound and disposing mind and memory and calling to mind the necesity of Settling my worldly affairs, do make my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following:

    Imprimis, I give and bequeath unto my Son William Hopper and his Heirs and assigns my Water Mill commonly called Chester Mill containing Ten Acres of Land as ? lease may appear, with building and Improvements on the said Ten Acres of Land of every kind what so ever, But my Will is that if my said Son Should die without issue lawfully gebotten that then the said mill with the Ten Acres of Land and all the buildings and Improvements thereon to go to my two Daughters Mary and Elizabeth their heirs and assigns. Item. I give and bequeath unto my son William Hopper his Heirs and assigns for ever all my Lands wheresoever lying or being. Item. I give and bequeath to Ruth Spry, for her long and faithful service to me and my wife one hundred pounds common currency to be paid to her by my Executors in three months after my Decease. Item. My will and desire is that if my son William Hopper should die without issue of his body lawfully begotten that then the said Lands that my son will enjoy by this my Will, the Ten Acres at the Mill excepted, shall be equally divided between my three grandsons William Hopper Blake Joseph Hopper Nicholson and Joseph Haslet and their Heirs for ever. for as much as all my children is marryed and I have given to them all I could afford before my Death I now dispose of the rest as follows - Item. I give and devise the following negores in manner and form following viz. to my son William Hopper a negro man Miller Tom and his wife Rachel. To my grand son William Hopper Nicholson one negro boy called Tom son of Miller Tom and Rachel. And to my grand daughter Mary Nicholson one negro girl called Mary daughtr of Rachel and Tom her issue. Item. I give and bequeath to my grandson Joseph Haslet fifty pound to be paid out in a negro girle by my Executors. Item. All the rest and residue of my Personal Estate I give and bequeath to be Equally divided between my five children Mary Nicholson, Elizabeth Nicholson Wm Hopper Mary Ann Bordley and Dorothy Hutchings.

    Lastly I consititute and appoint my son William Hopper and my son in law James Bordley joint Executors of this my Last Will and Testament hereby revoking all former Wills by me made confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. In testimony inhereof I here set my hand and affixed my Seal this fifth Day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy two.

    Wm Hopper

    This is a codicil to this my Will as I dispose of the follwoing articles hereafter mentioned. Item. I give and bequeath the Six Pictures now in my Hall to my son Wm Hopper and by him to be kept in one Room for ever by him and his Heirs viz. William Hoppers Picture, Sarah Hoppers, Elizabeth Nicholson's, Henrietta Neil's, Mary Nicholson's and Ann Bordley's - Witness my Hand and Seal this 18th day of March 1772

    Wm Hopper

    Queen Anne's County Co. May the 13th 1772 Edward Emory and Mathew Sheppard two of the subscribing Witnesses to the foregoing Will, the codicil excepted being duly and solemnly sworn on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God depose and say That they saw the Testator William Hopper sign the same Will and heard him publish and declare it to be his last Will and Testament, that at the time of his signing he was to the best of their apprehension of sound and disposing mind and memory, and That they did subscribe their respective names as Witnesses to the same Will in the presence of the said Testator and at his request. And further, they saw William Molleston subscribe his name as another Witness to the same Will in the presence of the said Testator and at his request - which same Depositions were taken in the presence of William Hopper Heir at Law to the Testator which same William did not object to the ? of said Will.

    Before Th Wright Dept. C?

    Queen Anne's County The 15th Day of May 1772. Edward Emory makes Oath on the Holy Evangelists of Almighty God that he has frequently seen his uncle William Hopper write and that he now has a good Deal of his writing by him and from his knowledge of the said Willam Hoppers Hand writing He the said Edward verily believes the writing on the other side of this half sheet said to be the Codicil to William Hopper's Will (to which will He this Disponent is a Witness) is in the same Hand writing of said William Hopper Deceased.


    sworn to before Th Wright Dep ?
    1 2 3
  • Change Date: 11 Aug 2008 at 07:56:25



    Father: William HOPPER b: in England (Bishoprick, Durham?)
    Mother: Mary

    Marriage 1 Ester (Esther) SWEATNAM b: 1701 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    • Married: 26 Oct 1731 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    Children
    1. Has No Children Sarah (Sallie) HOPPER b: 27 Jun 1733 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    2. Has Children Mary HOPPER b: 20 Aug 1734 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland
    3. Has Children Henrietta HOPPER b: 6 May 1737 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    4. Has Children Elizabeth HOPPER b: 11/18 Nov 1739 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland

    Marriage 2 Mary Ann WRIGHT b: in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    • Married: 21 May 1741
    Children
    1. Has Children Ann HOPPER b: 1 Apr 1742 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    2. Has Children William HOPPER b: 18 Dec 1743 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    3. Has Children Mary Ann HOPPER b: 3 Nov 1745 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland
    4. Has No Children Thomas HOPPER b: 19 Jun 1747 in Queen Anne's Co., Maryland

    Marriage 3 Sarah (DOCKERY)
    • Married: 1763
    Children
    1. Has No Children Dorothy HOPPER

    Sources:
    1. Title: Hopper Family - from a chart belonging to William N. S. Pugh, Sr.obtained from Judge Clayton Carter of Centreville.
    2. Title: A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789
      Author: Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson
      Publication: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London, 1985
      Text:

      HOPPER, WILLIAM (by 1747-1806). BORN: between 1741 and 1747 in Queen Anne's County; only son. NATIVE: third generation. RESIDED: in Queen Anne's County (later became part of Caroline County) until 1785; Queen Anne's County, 1785 until death. FAMILY BACKGROUND. FATHER: William Hopper (1707-1772). MOTHER: Mary Anne (?-1747), daughter of Thomas Hynson Wright (1688-1747) and wife Mary Turbutt; granddaughter of Solomon Wright (ca. 1655-1717). STEPMOTHER: Sarah Dockery (?-ca. 1775). UNCLE: Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784). AUNT: Ann Wright (?-by 1754), who married Edward Oldham (1709 - 1773). SISTER: Mary Anne (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (? - a. 1793). HALF SISTERS: Mary; Elizabeth (1739 - 1806), who married Joseph Nicholson, Jr. (?-1786); Henrietta; Sally (?-1761); and Dorothy. FIRST COUSINS: Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Ann Oldham (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke (?-1781); Hannah Oldham (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca.1808). MARRIED first, by 1769 his first cousin Elizabeth (?-by 1776), daughter of Edward Oldham (1709-1773) and wife Ann Wright (?-by 1754); stepdaughter of Ann Goldsborough (1732-?); granddaughter of John Oldham (?-1729); stepgranddaughter of Nicholas Goldsborough (ca. 1689-1766); niece of Hannah Oldham (1702-1759), who married James Edge (ca. 1710-1757), Mary Anne Wright (?-1747), who married William Hopper(1707-1772), and Thomas Wright (?-ca. 1784); stepniece of Thomas Goldsborough (ca. 1728-1793). Her sisters were Anne (?-by 1794), who married Joshua Clarke(?-1781); Hannah (?-1828), who married Nicholas Martin (1743-ca. 1808); and Mary (7-by 1772). Her first cousins were Samuel Turbutt Wright(1749-1810); Mary Ann Hopper (1742-by 1792), who married second, James Bordley (?-ca. 1793). ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: by 1759 Elizabeth and her sister Anne were living with their aunt Hannah Oldham Edge from whom they inherited the lands of their uncle James Edge(ca. 1710-1757). MARRIED second, on April 17, 1776, Ann, daughter of Daniel Cox. CHILDREN: SONS William (?-1793); Daniel Cox (1777-?), a lawyer by 1807; Thomas Wright (1783-?), a surgeon's mate in the Thirty-eighth Regiment, Maryland Militia in 1808, who married on August 9, 1808, Ann Emory (ca. 1789-1821) Philemon Blake (1791-?), a lawyer, who married first, Rebecca (ca. 1794-1822), and second, on September 2, 1822, Margaret Anne Thomas, and William (a minor in 1807). DAUGHTERS: Sarah (1779-?); Mary (1787-?); and Anna Maria. PRIVATE CAREER EDUCATION: entered the University of Pennsylvania on May 3, 1762, attended until 1765, but did not graduate. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION: Anglican; Methodist by 1794. SOCIAL STATUS AND ACTIVITIES: Gent., 1767, subscriber to Washington College, Chestertown, Kent County. OCCUPATIONAL PROFILE: merchant, 1774, in partnership with James Kent (ca. 1738-1805); farmer, 1795. PUBLIC CAREER LEGISLATIVE SERVICE: Convention, Caroline County, 5th, 1775; Lower House, Caroline County, 1780 (elected, but did not attend; resigned on November 1, 1780), 1781-1782, 1782 - 1783, 1783. LOCAL OFFICES: St. Paul's Parish Vestry, Queen Anne's County, in office 1771-1774; justice, Queen Anne's County, commissioned 1773 and 1794; Committee of Correspondence, Caroline County, elected 1774; sheriff, Caroline County, commissioned 1774, 1775, 1777, and 1778; trustee for the poor, Queen Anne's County, 1801 - 1805. MILITARY SERVICE: captain Caroline County Militia, by 1777, colonel, by 1806. Criticized by Col. Mordecai Gist in a letter to Gov. Thomas Johnson after the Battle of Germantown in 1777 in which Hopper was said to have been attacked "with qualms of sickness" that forced him to leave his regiment when under attack. WEALTH DURING LIFE TIME. PERSONAL PROPERTY: assessed value 1,015.0.0 current money, including 20 slaves 1783; at least 21 slaves, 1803. Declared insolvent in 1788, at which time his personal property included 59 slaves and 86 oz. plate; he was able to repurchase 21 of these slaves in 1803. LAND AT FIRST ELECTION: at least 3,167 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties (at least 1,028 acres inherited from his father; 1,877 acres through his first marriage, at least 1,297 acres of which was given to his wife in 1759 by her aunt Hannah Edge, widow of James Edge; and one-third share of 786 acres held in partnership with John Markland and John Brown). SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN LAND BETWEEN FIRST ELECTION AND DEATH: obtained 1,713 acres through his second marriage, 1776; charged with 4,246 acres in Queen Anne's, Talbot, and Caroline counties, 1783; turned at least 4,753 acres over to trustees when he declared insolvency 1788; repurchased ca. 3,400 acres, 1803. WEALTH AT DEATH: Died: in late November 1806 in Queen Anne?s County; size of estate unknown.
    3. Title: Will of William Hopper in 1772 in Queen Anne's County, Maryland at MD State Archives
      Publication: Maryland Calendar of Wills, Vol. 14, p. 218
      Text:

      5 Feb 1772
      15 May 1772
      Children: William, Mary Nicholson, Elizabeth Nicholson, Mary Ann Bordley, Dorothy Hutchings.
      Servant: Ruth Spry
      Grandsons: William Hopper Blake, Joseph Hopper Nicholson, Joseph Haslet.
      Grandau: Mary Nicholson.
      Big family portrait to son William.
      Codicil dated 18 Mar 1772
      Ex: son William and son-in-law James Bordley.
      Wit: William Malliston, nephew Edward Emory and Mathew Shepard
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