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  • ID: I4320
  • Name: George Armstrong CUSTER
  • Prefix: General
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 5 DEC 1839 in New Rumley, Harrison Co., OH
  • Death: 25 JUN 1876 in Killed at the Battle of Little Bighorn, Montana
  • Burial: United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, Orange Co., NY
  • Note: Plot: Section 27, Row A, Grave 1
  • Note: My great-great grandfather Bradford Carroll Armstrong and General George Armstrong Custer were direct 4th cousins. I would be a 4th cousin, 4 times removed. He was given the middle name of Armstrong is honor of his great grandmother Sarah Armstrong. ****************** My line: John Armstrong>William>Nathaniel>John>Bradford (My great-great grandfather). ------ Gen. Custer's line: Solomon Armstrong>Sarah>Catherine Rogers>Maria Ward>Gen. George Armstrong Custer. ------- *********(John Armstrong and Solomon Armstrong were brothers and were the sons of John Armstrong and Jane Boone)******** George Armstrong Custer and his wife Elizabeth "Libby" Bacon never had any children. There is some rumor that he had a child with an Indian maiden, and even if this is true, there is little information about this child other than his name, which I belive was Yellow Bird Custer. But I have not seen any documentation of a family tree going beyond this supposed love child. **************** Civil War Union Major General. One of the most famous and controversial figures in United States Military history. Graduated last in his West Point Class (June 1861). Spent first part of the Civil War as a courier and staff officer. Promoted from Captain to Brigadier General of Volunteers just prior to the Battle of Gettysburg, and was given command of the Michigan "Wolverines" Cavalry brigade. He helped defeat General Stuart's attempt to make a cavalry strike behind Union lines on the 3rd Day of the Battle (July 3, 1863), thus markedly contributing to the Army of the Potomac's victory (a large monument to his Brigade now stands in the East Cavalry Field in Gettysburg). Participated in nearly every cavalry action in Virginia from that point until the end of the war, always performing boldly, most often brilliantly, and always seeking publicity for himself and his actions. Ended the war as a Major General of Volunteers and a Brevet Major General in the Regular Army. Upon Army reorganization in 1866, he was appointed Lieutenant Colonel of the soon to be renown 7th United States Cavalry. Fought in the various actions against the Western Indians, often with a singular brutality (exemplified by his wiping out of a Cheyenne village on the Washita in November 1868). His exploits on the Plains were romanticized by Eastern Unites States newspapermen, and he was elevated to legendary status in his time. His military career culminated in the June 25, 1876, Battle of Little Big Horn and his "Last Stand," where he and most of his regiment were wiped out in one of the best known military actions of the 19th century. To this day General Custer's deeds and place in history spawn much debate and historical controversy. His brilliant Civil War record cannot be overlooked, nor can his brutal part in the Wars against the Indians. (bio by: Russ Dodge) Burial: United States Military Academy Post Cemetery West Point Orange County New York, USA Plot: Section 27, Row A, Grave 1 CIVIL WAR HERO THE UNION ARMY'S YOUNGEST GENERAL AT THE AGE OF 23 LIEUTENANT COLONEL OF THE 7TH CAVALRY AUTHOR OF "MY LIFE ON THE PLAINS" KILLED AT THE LITTLE BIG HORN, 25 JUNE 1876 George Armstrong Custer has left an indelible mark on the American mythos. Both loved and hated, the true nature of the man is historically elusive. What is certain is that he had a remarkable courage, perhaps reckless courage, but courage nonetheless. The exact circumstances of what happened at the Little Big Horn are lost to history. The size of the Indian encampment there and the number of Native warriors was unlike any he had encountered before. He certainly miscalculated the threat. Whether that miscalculation was the result of an arrogant ego or understandably inadequate military intelligence is a matter of opinion and will probably be a point of hot debate for generations to come. The 1870 census shows George and Libby living with his parents. INTERVIEW WITH AUTHOR LOUISE BARNETT: "Custer, very early in the morning of that day, believed that the Indians who were gathered in that valley -- which he had not yet seen, but there were enough signs to indicate that they were there -- he believed that they had discovered the presence of his force and that they would probably melt away the way Indians usually did if he didn't attack immediately. His plan had been to attack on the following day. So he simply went into a kind of crisis mode, led his troops down into the valley, divided them into different commands. This is what is controversial about his strategy, the fact that he divided his small group -- small in relation to the enemy. But you have to keep in mind that he had no idea the size of the enemy at that time. This was the greatest gathering of Indians on the North American continent. No one, no intelligence of any sort, indicated that there would be that many Indians amassed at the Little Bighorn. So Custer's actions were reasonable given the fact that he had no idea of the size of the enemy that he was confronting. And in general, it was expected that even a small group of well-trained cavalry would be able to hold its own and even defeat much larger numbers of Indians, because the fighting style was so different. It was usually felt that the soldiers had an advantage over the Indians. That wasn't true in this particular case. For one thing, the Indians were fighting on their home territory. They had their village with women and children in it on the site, and this always motivated them to fight fiercely to protect their women and children. They even, most likely, had better weapons than the troopers that they faced. So there were many reasons why they, in fact, had the advantage. They attacked from a concealed position, whereas the troopers were out in the open. When Custer did divide his command, in fact, it's pretty clear that he was just doing it as a reconnaissance rather than formulating a battle strategy. He would have done that later had it been possible. But by the time he discovered the extent of the village--how large it was--it was too late." --Louise Barnett INTERVIEW WITH CHIEF SITTING BULL, 1877: Interviewer: "Where was the Long Hair (Custer) most of the time?" Sitting Bull: "I have talked to my people; I cannot find one who saw the Long Hair until just before he died. He did not wear his long hair as he used to wear it. It was short, but it was the color of grass when the frost comes." Interviewer: "Did you hear from your people how he died? Did he die on horseback? Sitting Bull: "No. None of them died on horseback. All were dismounted." Interviewer: "And Custer, the Long Hair?" Sitting Bull: "Well, I have understood that there were a great many brave men in that fight, and that from time to time, while it was going on, they were shot down like pigs. they could not help themselves. One by one the officers fell..... Any way it was said that up there where the last fight took place, where the last stand was made, the Long Hair stood like a sheaf of corn with all the ears fallen around him." Interviewer: "How many stood by him?" Sitting Bull: "A few." Interviewer: "When did he fall?" Sitting Bull: "He killed a man when he fell. He laughed." Interviewer: "You mean he cried out." Sitting Bull: "No, he laughed; he had fired his last shot." Interviewer: "From a carbine?" Sitting Bull: "No, a pistol." Interviewer: "Did he stand up after he first fell?" Sitting Bull: "He rose up on his hands and tried another shot, but his pistol would not go off." Interviewer: "Was any one else standing up when he fell down?" Sitting Bull: "One man was kneeling; that was all. But he died before the Long Hair. All this was far up on the bluffs, far away from the Sioux encampments. I did not see it. It was told to me. But it is true." Interviewer: "The Long Hair was not scalped?" Sitting Bull: "No. My people did not want his scalp." Interviewer: "Why?" Sitting Bull: "I have said; he was a great chief." Source for some of the notes: “The Ancestry of Overmire, Tifft, Richardson, Bradford, Reed,” by Larry Overmire, RootsWeb World Connect Project, 2000-2006.
  • Change Date: 11 OCT 2006

    Father: Emanuel Henry CUSTER b: 6 DEC 1806 in Cresaptown, MD
    Mother: Maria WARD b: 31 MAY 1807 in Burgettstown, Washington Co., PA

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth Clift "Libby" BACON b: 9 APR 1842 in Monroe, Monroe Co., MI
    • Married: 9 FEB 1864 in First Presbyterian Church, Monroe, Monroe Co., MI

    Marriage 2 Monaseetah of the Cheyenne b: ABT 1851 in Texas
      1. Has No Children Yellow Bird CUSTER b: 1869 in Texas
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